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Soyuz TMA-20 / Expedition 26 / 27 ( December 15, 2010, to May 23, 2011 ) was an extended duration mission to the International Space Station.
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Soyuz and TMA-20
Coleman launched on December 15, 2010 ( December 16 Baikonur time ), aboard Soyuz TMA-20 to join the Expedition 26 mission aboard the International Space Station.
While flying Endeavour's last mission, the Russian spacecraft Soyuz TMA-20 departed from the ISS and paused at a distance of 200 meters.
* Paolo A. Nespoli, flew on STS-120 ( October 23 to November 7, 2007 ),; he then returned on the ISS for the long duration MagISStra mission ( Expedition 26 / 27, from December 15, 2010, to May 23, 2011 ) aboard the Soyuz TMA-20.
Soyuz and /
A deeply modernized version of the R-7 is still used as the launch vehicle for the Soviet / Russian Soyuz spacecraft, marking more than 50 years of operational history of the original Sergei Korolyov's rocket design.
Other Soviet manned spacecraft include the Voskhod, Soyuz, unflown as manned Zond / L1, L3, TKS, and the Salyut and Mir manned space stations.
To prepare, the US designed a docking module for the Apollo that was compatible with the Soviet docking system, which allowed any of their craft to dock with any other ( e. g. Soyuz / Soyuz as well as Soyuz / Salyut ).
The name " Soyuz 2 " also appears in other contexts, a ) the second Soyuz flight to dock with the International Space Station b ) as a proposed successor to the Soyuz launch vehicle, later renamed Soyuz / ST.
In modified form, it launched Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite, into orbit, and became the basis for the R7 family which includes Sputnik, Luna, Molniya, Vostok, and Voskhod space launchers, as well as later Soyuz / L / U / U2 / FG / 2 variants.
They were unharmed but Brezhnev's car was forced to speed away past the waiting Soyuz 4 / 5 crews on the podium.
Yevgeni Vassilyevich Khrunov (; September 10, 1933 – May 19, 2000 ) was a Soviet cosmonaut who flew on the Soyuz 5 / Soyuz 4 mission.
* Kosmos 638-first unmanned test flight of Soyuz / 7K-TM manned spacecraft for Apollo – Soyuz Test Project ( ASTP )
Soyuz and Expedition
However, this has not materialized, and the current preferred option, instead of producing an additional Soyuz, would be to extend the duration of an ISS Expedition to one year.
He launched as a Flight Engineer on the Soyuz TMA-15 Soyuz mission on May 27, 2009, as a member of the Expedition 20 crew.
The Soyuz TM-32 remained docked to the station until October ; during this time it served as the lifeboat for the crew of Expedition 2 and later for the crew of Expedition 3.
The launched crew stayed for a week and returned in Soyuz TM-31, which had been docked to ( or nearby ) the station since November 2000 functioning as " lifeboat " for the onboard crew ( Expedition 1 and 2 ).
As the new lifeboat for Expedition 2 and later Expedition 3, TM-32 stayed docked at the station for six months ( except for a brief move between docking ports ) and finally, on October 31, brought home two cosmonauts and an ESA astronaut who had arrived a week earlier in Soyuz TM-33.
Malenchenko served as the Soyuz commander, and after docking with the ISS they exchanged with the resident crew onboard ISS and became the seventh station crew, Expedition 7.
Soyuz TMA-2 returned to Earth on October 28, with both the Expedition 7 crew as well as Pedro Duque on board.
He accumulated 191 days, 19 hours and 8 minutes time in space during Soyuz TMA-11 and ISS Expedition 16 missions.
Having been flight engineer on Soyuz TMA-2, Lu spent six months in space in 2003 as part of ISS Expedition 7, with cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko.
He then launched on STS-113 with Don Pettit and Nikolai Budarin for an extended stay aboard the ISS as the commander of ISS Expedition 6 in 2002 and 2003, returning aboard Soyuz TMA-1 rather than the Space Shuttle as a result of the fleet's grounding following the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster, which occurred during Bowersox's tour aboard the Station.
On 19 September 2006 López-Alegría docked with the ISS as Commander of Expedition 14, having taken off from Baikonur, Kazakhstan on 18 September, onboard Soyuz TMA-9.
At the end of his mission, he commanded the longest flight by a Soyuz spacecraft, making Expedition 14 the longest expedition thus far.
Lonchakov was originally selected to be a Flight Engineer on Expedition 19, but was transferred to the Expedition 18 crew as a Flight Engineer and Soyuz Commander, after Salizhan Sharipov was removed from the crew.
The Soyuz TMA-13 spacecraft with Lonchakov, Expedition 18 commander Michael Fincke and space tourist Richard Garriott launched on 12 October 2008 at 7: 01 UTC.
The Expedition 18 crew prepared to evacuate the ISS by closing hatches between modules, and boarding the Soyuz spacecraft that was docked to provide emergency crew escape.
Williams also served as a Flight Engineer for Expedition 21 and assumed command of Expedition 22 in November 2009 having arrived on the International Space Station with his crew mates via Soyuz TMA-16 which launched on September 30, 2009.
Williams with Expedition 22 Flight Engineer Maksim Surayev landed their Soyuz TMA-16 spacecraft on the steppes of Kazakhstan on March 18, 2010, wrapping up a 167-day stay aboard the Space Station.
Williams also flew aboard the Soyuz TMA-8 mission, replacing Expedition 12 astronaut William S. McArthur.
Soyuz and 26
He trained in Star City near Moscow for the next two years, and flew on board Soyuz 31 ( launched 26 August 1978 ) to the Soviet space station Salyut 6, and returned on Soyuz 29, landing on 3 September 1978.
The spacecraft Soyuz 15 was launched on August 26, 1974, carrying a two man crew consisting of Commander Gennadi Sarafanov and flight engineer Lev Demin.
# On 10 December 1977 the first resident crew, Yuri Romanenko and Georgi Grechko, arrived on Soyuz 26 and remained aboard Salyut 6 for 96 days.
The space station had been vacant for three months since the record-breaking mission of Soyuz 26 ended after 96 days.
They switched on the station ’ s air regenerators and thermal regulation system, and activated the water recycling system to reprocess water left aboard by Soyuz 26.
This advice was a result of resonance experiments carried out by the previous long-term Soyuz 26 crew.
Their main mission was to retrieve material from the Medusa experiment, left on the station's exterior by the Soyuz 26 crew in December.
The Soyuz 29's second visiting crew was launched 26 August on Soyuz 31 with Valery Bykovsky and East German Sigmund Jähn, the third Intercosmos participant, aboard.
The crew marked a significant milestone on 20 September when they surpassed the 96-day space endurance record of the Soyuz 26 crew, set earlier that year.
His first space flight was with Peter Klimuk, as a crew engineer aboard the spaceship Soyuz 13, which orbited Earth from 18 – 26 December 1973.
Lebedev was also awarded 26 authors certificates for inventions introduced in the Soyuz and Salyut missions.
Launched 26 August 1974, the Soyuz spacecraft arrived at the station, but cosmonauts Lev Dyomin and Gennadi Sarafanov were unable to dock because of a fault in the automated docking system.
Salyut 4 was launched 26 December 1974, and Soyuz 17, with cosmonauts Georgi Grechko and Aleksei Gubarev as its first crew, was launched 16 days later on 10 January 1975.
It was the fourth mission to the station, the third successful docking, and the second visit to the resident crew launched in Soyuz 26.
The crew docked with the orbiting Salyut 6 space station, and greeted the occupants Georgi Grechko and Yuri Romanenko who had arrived on Soyuz 26 in December.
The day after the docking, the Soyuz 26 crew celebrated their breaking of the space endurance record of 84 days, set by the Skylab 4 crew in 1974.
Malenchenko with astronaut Edward Lu lifted on board the Soyuz TMA-2 spacecraft from the Baikonur Cosmodrome on April 26, 2003, to the ISS.
Cosmonauts Vladimir Dzhanibekov and Oleg Makarov returned to earth in the Soyuz 26 spacecraft after spending five days on the station.