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The Allied fleet sailed north to Cape Artemisium once it became known that the Persian army was advancing along the coast past Mount Olympus, probably around late July or the beginning of August.
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Allied and fleet
The Allied fleet defeated the demoralized remnants of the Persian fleet in the Battle of Mycale — on the same day as Plataea, according to tradition.
The Allied fleet then sailed to the Thracian Chersonese, still held by the Persians, and besieged and captured the town of Sestos.
* 1943 – World War II: An Allied invasion fleet sails for Sicily ( Operation Husky, July 10, 1943 ).
The Spartans claimed the command of land forces, and since the Greek ( hereafter referred to as " Allied ") fleet would be dominated by Athens, Themistocles tried to claim command of the naval forces.
Thus, in August 480 BC, when the Persian army was approaching Thessaly, the Allied fleet sailed to Artemisium, and the Allied army marched to Thermopylae.
From Artemisium, the Allied fleet sailed to the island of Salamis, where the Athenian ships helped with the final evacuation of Athens.
Xerxes's actions indicate that he was keen to finish the conquest of Greece in 480 BC, and to do this, he needed a decisive victory over the Allied fleet.
Since it was his long-standing advocacy of Athenian naval power which enabled the Allied fleet to fight at all, and it was his stratagem that brought about the Battle of Salamis, it is probably not an exaggeration to say, as Plutarch does, that Themistocles " is thought to have been the man most instrumental in achieving the salvation of Hellas ".
At the decisive Battle of Plataea, the Allies destroyed the Persian army, whilst apparently on the same day, the Allied navy destroyed the remnants of the Persian fleet at the Battle of Mycale.
To block the Persian advance, a small force of Greeks blocked the pass of Thermopylae, while an Athenian-dominated Allied navy engaged the Persian fleet in the nearby straits of Artemisium.
The simultaneous Battle of Artemisium was up to that point a stalemate ; however, when news of Thermopylae reached them, the Allied fleet also retreated, since holding the straits of Artemisium was now a moot point.
The Allied fleet now sailed from Artemisium to Salamis to assist with the final evacuation of Athens ; en route Themistocles left inscriptions addressed to the Ionian Greek crews of the Persian fleet on all springs of water that they might stop at, asking them to defect to the Allied cause.
This strategy was flawed, however, unless the Allied fleet was able to prevent the Persian fleet from transporting troops across the Saronic Gulf.
This was exactly the kind of news that Xerxes wanted to hear ; that the Athenians might be willing to submit to him, and that he would be able to destroy the rest of the Allied fleet.
Herodotus reports that there were 378 triremes in the Allied fleet, and then breaks the numbers down by city state ( as indicated in the table ).
The concentration of the German fleet in Norway served three purposes ; namely as a threat to Anglo-American convoys carrying supplies around the North Cape to the Soviet Union, to deter an Allied invasion of Norway and as a fleet in being that tied down British warships at Scapa Flow that might otherwise be deployed in the Battle of the Atlantic.
Allied and sailed
Perhaps overconfident and expecting no resistance, the Persian navy sailed into the Straits, only to find that, far from disintegrating, the Allied navy was ready for battle.
Flying a French flag as a ruse of war, the SM U-73 sailed past British warships and torpedoed two Allied troopships and a British man-of-war.
Thus, in August 480 BC, after hearing of Xerxes's approach, a small Allied army led by the Spartan king Leonidas I blocked the Pass of Thermopylae, whilst an Athenian-dominated navy sailed to the Straits of Artemisium.
After the victory at Mycale, the Allied fleet sailed to the Hellespont to break down the pontoon bridges, but found that this was already done.
Moreover, the Germans had bases along the length of Norway, which meant, until escort carriers became available, Allied convoys had to be sailed through these areas without adequate defense against aircraft and submarine attack.
Shortly after Mycale, the Allied fleet sailed to the Hellespont to break down the pontoon bridges, but found that this had already been done.
If the Persians sailed around the outer, eastern side of Euboea, they could head straight to Attica, and thereby cut off the Allied fleet's line of retreat.
Thus, in August 480 BC, after hearing of Xerxes ' approach, a small Allied army led by Spartan King Leonidas I blocked the Pass of Thermopylae, while an Athenian-dominated navy sailed to the Straits of Artemisium.
Allied convoys were not seriously disrupted ; most convoys sailed according to schedule, and there was no diminution of supplies to Britain.
Torrington sailed from the Nore already convinced the French would be stronger – much of the Royal Navy had been diverted to protect their maritime commerce from privateers, and the Allied fleet now only had 56 English and Dutch ships of the line, totalling 4, 153 guns, to Tourville's fleet of 4, 600 guns.
Hostilities did not end for the 17th King's on 11 November ; the battalion had sailed for Murmansk, Russia, in October as part of an Allied intervention force assembled to support the " White " forces in their civil war against the Bolsheviks.
Allied and north
Allied squadrons transferred from north to south gave the Allies a 5 – 3 advantage on the plain where some 25, 000 French and Allied cavalry were heavily engaged.
In Ramillies the Allied infantry, now reinforced by the English troops brought down from the north, at last broke through.
From then until the end of the war in Europe on May 8, 1945, Eisenhower through SHAEF had command of all Allied forces, and through his command of ETOUSA, administrative command of all U. S. forces, on the Western Front north of the Alps.
A series of Allied counter-attacks — including the Battle of Arras — failed to sever the German spearhead, which reached the coast on 20 May, separating the British Expeditionary Force ( BEF ) near Armentières, the French 1st Army, and the Belgian Army further to the north from the majority of French troops south of the German penetration.
That Battle of the Somme was one of the most costly battles of World War I, by the number of troop casualties, as Allied forces attempted to break through the German lines along a 25-mile ( 40 km ) front north and south of the River Somme.
Late in the war, Allied aircraft bombed the railway station to disrupt German supply lines to the north, where the battle for Normandy was under way after the invasion by the Allies on D-Day.
To the north, General Vandamme's division attacked an area called Staré Vinohrady (" Old Vineyards ") and through talented skirmishing and deadly volleys broke several Allied battalions.
The setting was a fictional version of Luftwaffe Stalag 13 ( Camp 13 in early episodes ), a POW camp for captured Allied airmen located north of the town of Hammelburg in the Bad Kissingen woods.
The victory precipitated a full Allied withdrawal from Belgium and allowed French forces to push north into the Netherlands.
Although Allied commanders generally favoured a broad front policy to continue the advance into Germany and the Netherlands, Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery proposed a bold plan to head north through the Dutch Gelderland, bypassing the German Siegfried line defences and opening a route into the German industrial heartland of the Ruhr.
Despite fierce resistance in places, the Germans were forced back from the West Wall during February, and a series of Allied offensives, rolling from north to south, drove across the Rhineland towards the great river.
To the north, General Vandamme's division attacked an area called Staré Vinohrady and through talented skirmishing and deadly volleys broke several Allied battalions.
Their plan called for the Allied army to march by Zeuchfeld, around Frederick's left, which no serious natural obstacle covered, and to deploy in battle array facing north, between Reichardtswerben on the right and Pettstädt on the left.
When they came under the fire of Moller's guns, the Allied squadrons, which now lay north of Reichardtswerben and well ahead of their own infantry, suffered somewhat heavily ; but it was usual to employ heavy guns to protect a retreat, and they contented themselves with bringing some fieldguns into action.
A further brigade supported by two Commando battalions landed from the sea north of the river at Termoli, and a fiercely contested battle ensued which had hung in the balance when temporary river crossings had been washed away after heavy rains and prevented Allied armour from moving forward.
American paratroops were dropped at intermediate points north of Allied lines, with the British 1st Airborne Division and Polish 1st Independent Parachute Brigade at the tip of the salient at Arnhem.
On this occasion, the weather was clear, but despite requests by First Army commander Gen. Omar Bradley to bomb east to west, along the front ( in order to avoid creepback ), the air commanders made their attack north to south, over Allied lines.
* The Polish cemetery north of Tehran, where numerous Western Allied soldiers of World War II are buried
To Bosquet's north lay the camp of the British 1st Division, and beyond this De Lacy Evans ' 2nd Division guarding the extreme right of the Allied line with the Inkerman Heights to its front and the Chernaya Valley to its right.
After multiple attacks, maneuvering, and reinforcements on both sides, Blücher won the Battle of Laon in early March 1814 ; this victory prevented the Allied army from being pushed north out of France.
The immediate priority was first to slow and then halt the Allied advance, to which end a defence line was to be formed running from San Stefano on the north coast, through Nicosia, Agira, Cantenanuova and thence to the eastern coast south of Catania.
After Tanaka reported to his superiors that he had lost time because he turned north to avoid the Allied air attacks, the landings of his troops on Guadalcanal was pushed back to 25 August.