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Conservative and Prime
Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, KG, PC, FRS, ( 21 December 1804 – 19 April 1881 ) was a British Prime Minister, parliamentarian, Conservative statesman and literary figure.
Disraeli's efforts over the past two years had dispelled, for the time being, any doubts about him succeeding Derby as leader of the Conservative Party and therefore Prime Minister.
A reunion of the two warring factions took place in 1923 when the new Conservative Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin committed his party to protective tariffs, causing the Liberals to reunite in support of free trade.
He was also the first person to hold the office of Deputy Prime Minister, under Winston Churchill in the wartime coalition government, before leading the Labour Party to a landslide election victory over Churchill's Conservative Party in 1945.
After initial Conservative opposition to Keynesian fiscal policy, this settlement was broadly accepted by all parties until Margaret Thatcher became Prime Minister in 1979.
During the 2008 Canadian parliamentary dispute, two of Canada's opposition parties signed an agreement to form what would become the country's second coalition government since Confederation if the minority Conservative government was defeated on a vote of non-confidence ; unseating Stephen Harper as Prime Minister.
The conversion of the Conservative Party into a modern mass organisation was accelerated by the concept of Tory Democracy attributed to Lord Randolph Churchill, father of Britain's wartime Prime Minister Winston Churchill.
David Cameron is the current Prime Minister of the United Kingdom | Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and leader of the Conservative Party.
George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen ( 28 January 1784 – 14 December 1860 ), styled Lord Haddo from 1791 to 1801, was a British politician and landowner, successively a Tory, Conservative and Peelite, who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1852 until 1855.
Scots played a major part in the leadership of UK political parties producing a Conservative Prime Minister in Arthur Balfour ( 1902 – 05 ) and a Liberal one in Henry Campbell-Bannerman ( 1905 – 08 ).
Scottish educated Andrew Bonar Law led a Conservative government from 1922 to 1923 and another Scot, Ramsey MacDonald, would be the Labour Party's first Prime Minister in 1924 and again from 1929-35.
After the Liberal Party left the coalition in April 2000, Prime Minister Mori welcomed a Liberal Party splinter group, the New Conservative Party, into the ruling coalition.
* 1993 – Kim Campbell is chosen as leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada and becomes the first female Prime Minister of Canada.
Sir John Major, ( born 29 March 1943 ) is a British Conservative politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1990 to 1997.
He was named Leader of the Conservative Party on 27 November 1990, and was summoned to Buckingham Palace and appointed Prime Minister the following day.
Britain's departure from the ERM led to a fall in the opinion poll ratings for the Conservative Party, which despite the improvement in the economic position, did not fully recover whilst John Major was Prime Minister.
On 22 June 1995, tired of continual threats of leadership challenges that never arose, Major resigned as Leader of the Conservative Party and announced he would contest the resulting leadership election – he continued to serve as Prime Minister while the leadership was vacant, but would have resigned had he not been re-elected by a large enough majority.
Following his resignation as Prime Minister, Major briefly became Leader of the Opposition, and Shadow Foreign Secretary ( as Sir Malcolm Rifkind, who was Foreign Secretary prior to the election, had lost his seat ), and remained in this post until the election of William Hague as leader of the Conservative Party in June 1997.
He became one of Quebec's leading lawyers and was so highly regarded that he was offered a position in the Cabinet of the Conservative Prime Minister Arthur Meighen in 1926 and was offered a seat as a justice in the Supreme Court of Canada.
* 1990 – British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher withdraws from the Conservative Party leadership election, confirming the end of her premiership.
These visits enabled him to meet and take the measure of his adversaries Napoleon III, and the British Prime Minister Palmerston and Foreign Secretary Earl Russell, and also of the British Conservative politician Disraeli, later to be Prime Minister in the 1870s – who later claimed to have said of Bismarck's visit " Be careful of that man – he means every word he says ".
The scandal ultimately led to the resignation of Canada's first Prime Minister, Sir John A. Macdonald, and a transfer of power from his Conservative government to a Liberal government led by Alexander Mackenzie.
The current, and 22nd, Prime Minister of Canada is the Conservative Party's Stephen Harper, who was appointed on February 6, 2006, by Governor General Michaëlle Jean, following the general election that took place that year.

Conservative and Minister
Lord Stonehaven ( as John Baird ) was Minister for Transport in the Cabinets of Andrew Bonar Law and Stanley Baldwin ; and after his return to Britain he became Chairman of the UK Conservative Party.

Conservative and Benjamin
The Conservative prime minister, Benjamin Disraeli, rejected classical liberalism altogether and advocated Tory Democracy.
Benjamin Disraeli ( 1804 – 1881 ), prime minister 1868 and 1874-80, remains an iconic hero of the Conservative Party.
Gladstone is famous for his oratory, for his rivalry with the Conservative Leader Benjamin Disraeli and his poor relations with Queen Victoria, who once complained, " He always addresses me as if I were a public meeting.
The new Conservative Government, led by Benjamin Disraeli, passed a bill to postpone the coming-into-force of the bill until 1875.
Benjamin Disraeli's Conservative government carried through the Reform Act 1867, doubling the electorate in the process.
He had previously joined the Conservative Party and served under Benjamin Disraeli and Lord Salisbury as Under-Secretary of State for War.
In the phrase " One-nation Tory " of " one-nation Toryism " it originated with Benjamin Disraeli ( 1804-1881 ), who served as the chief Conservative spokesman and Prime Minister after 1852.
One nation conservatism was first conceived by the Conservative British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli, who presented his political philosophy in two novels – Sybil, Or The Two Nations ( 1845 ) and Coningsby – published in 1845 and 1844 respectively.
His second premiership was short and frustrating, and Russell failed in his great ambition of expanding the franchise-a task that would be left to his Conservative successors, Derby and Benjamin Disraeli.
Benjamin Disraeli and William Ewart Gladstone, as leaders of Great Britain's Conservative and Liberal parties, respectively, served as Prime Ministers during the later years of Great Britain's era of reform.
Judah Philip Benjamin: Conservative Revolutionary, Brown University Press, 1981
Lord Robert Cecil was first elected to the House of Commons in 1854 and served as Secretary of State for India in Lord Derby's Conservative government from 1866 until his resignation in 1867 over its introduction of Benjamin Disraeli's Reform Bill that extended the suffrage to working-class men.
He was a Conservative politician and served under the Earl of Derby and Benjamin Disraeli as Under-Secretary of State for War from 1866 to 1868.
By the 1880s he was denouncing " the new Toryism " ( that is, the " social reformist wing " of the Liberal party – the wing to some extent hostile to Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone, this faction of the Liberal party Spencer compared to the interventionist " Toryism " of such people as the former Conservative party Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli ).
However Benjamin Disraeli who led the subsequent Conservative government proposed his own Reform Bill, which by splitting the parties succeeded to become the Reform Act 1867.
George Ward Hunt ( 30 July 1825 – 29 July 1877 ) was a British Conservative Party politician and statesman, Chancellor of the Exchequer and First Lord of the Admiralty in 1st and 2nd ministries of Benjamin Disraeli.
He thereupon peremptorily dismissed his faithful Political Agent, Mr Benjamin Musgrave and joined the Conservative Party.
Benjamin Disraeli, British Prime Minister ( 1868 and 1874 – 1880, and Earl of Beaconsfield 1876 ), whose father rented a house at nearby Bradenham, purchased the manor in 1848 with the help of a loan of £ 25, 000 ( equivalent to almost £ 1, 500, 000 today ) from Lord Henry Bentinck and Lord Titchfield, because as leader of the Conservative Party " it was essential to represent a county ," and county members had to be landowners.
The next year, Benjamin Disraeli succeeded Derby as Prime Minister, but the Conservative government resigned later in 1868, and the Liberals came to power under Gladstone.
One faction, led by the Earl of Derby and Benjamin Disraeli, survived to become the modern Conservative Party, whose members are sometimes still referred to as Tories.
Lord Coventry was a Conservative politician and held office under Benjamin Disraeli and Lord Salisbury as Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms and as Master of the Buckhounds.
The seventh Earl of Dumore served as a Lord-in-Waiting ( government whip in the House of Lords ) in the second Conservative administration of Benjamin Disraeli and was also Lord Lieutenant of Stirlingshire.
He served as Under-Secretary of State for India from 1867 to 1868 in the Conservative administrations of the Earl of Derby and Benjamin Disraeli and was also Lord Lieutenant of Devonshire.

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