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Jerusalem and Talmud
As the scene of his activity, Rav first chose Nehardea, where the exilarch appointed him agoranomos, or market-master, and Rabbi Shela made him lecturer ( amora ) of his college ( Jerusalem Talmud Bava Batra v. 15a ; Yoma, 20b ).
In this noble prayer are evinced profound religious feeling and exalted thought, as well as ability to use the Hebrew language in a natural, expressive, and classical manner ( Jerusalem Talmud Rosh Hashanah i. 57a ).
The Jerusalem Talmud has preserved a large number of his halakic and aggadistic utterances ; and the Palestinian Midrashim also contain many of his aggadot.
*" Man will be called to account for having deprived himself of the good things which the world offered " ( Jerusalem Talmud Kiddushin end ).
Steinsaltz completed his Hebrew edition of the entire Babylonian Talmud in November 2010, at which time Koren Publishers Jerusalem became the publisher of all of his works, including the Talmud.
But, one opinion in the Jerusalem Talmud argues that the concubine should also receive a marriage contract, but without including a clause specifying a divorce settlement.
Sacred Jewish texts written in the Holyland at this time are the Gemara ( 400 ), the Jerusalem Talmud ( 500 ) and the Passover Haggadah.
# Machen: The fourth Heaven is ruled by the Archangel Michael, and according to Talmud Hagiga 12, it contains the heavenly Jerusalem, the Temple, and the Altar.
*** Jerusalem Talmud and commentaries
According to the Talmud, at the re-dedication of the Temple in Jerusalem following the victory of the Maccabees over the Seleucid Empire, there was only enough consecrated oil to fuel the eternal flame in the Temple for one day.
The older compilation is called the Jerusalem Talmud.
According to the Talmud, prayer is a Biblical commandment and the Talmud gives two reasons why there are three basic prayers: to recall the daily sacrifices at the Temple in Jerusalem, and / or because each of the Patriarchs instituted one prayer: Abraham the morning, Isaac the afternoon and Jacob the evening.
According to the Talmud, soon after the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem a formal version of the Amidah was adopted at a rabbinical council in Yavne, under the leadership of Rabban Gamaliel II and his colleagues.
Ginzberg was the author of a number of scholarly Jewish works, including a commentary on Talmud Yerushalmi ( the Jerusalem Talmud ) and his six-volume ( plus a one-volume index ) The Legends of the Jews, ( 1909 ) which combined hundreds of legends and parables from a lifetime of midrash research.
These debates eventually came to be edited together into compilations known as the Talmud: the Talmud Yerushalmi ( Jerusalem Talmud ) for the compilation in Israel, and Talmud Bavli ( Babylonian Talmud ) for the compilation undertaken in Babylon.
According to the Talmud, after the Seleucid desecration of the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem, there was only enough sealed ( and therefore not desecrated ) consecrated olive oil left to fuel the eternal flame in the Temple for one day.
* A smaller number, such as the Romaniote Jews, traditionally rule according to the Jerusalem Talmud over the Babylonian Talmud.

Jerusalem and probably
His older brother, Antimenidas, appears to have served as a mercenary in the army of Nebuchadnezzar II and probably took part in the conquest of Judaea and the destruction of Jerusalem in 587 BC.
The first, termed Proto-Isaiah ( chapters 1 – 39 ), contains the words of the 8th-century BCE prophet with 7th-century BCE expansions ; the second, Deutero-Isaiah ( chapters 40 – 55 ), is the work of a 6th-century BCE author writing near the end of the Babylonian captivity ; and the third, the poetic Trito-Isaiah ( chapters 56 – 66 ), was composed in Jerusalem shortly after the return from exile, probably by multiple authors.
Chapters 49 – 55 probably come from a slightly later period, after Babylon had fallen to Cyrus and the return to Jerusalem became a real possibility.
It is attributed to the prophet Nahum, and was probably written in Jerusalem in the 7th century BC.
Jesus himself participated in this sort of service as a reader and commentator ( see Gospel of Luke ) and his followers probably remained worshipers in synagogues in some cities, for example the Cenacle in Jerusalem.
A famous marble set, probably 2nd century, was brought to St Peter's, Rome by Constantine I, and placed round the saint's shrine, and was thus familiar throughout the Middle Ages, by which time they were thought to have been removed from the Temple of Jerusalem.
The antiquity of the creed has been located by most biblical scholars to no more than five years after Jesus ' death, probably originating from the Jerusalem apostolic community.
Although Eusebius does not say as much, the temple of Aphrodite was probably built as part of Hadrian's reconstruction of Jerusalem as Aelia Capitolina in 135, following the destruction of the Jewish Revolt of 70 and the Bar Kokhba revolt of 132 – 135.
The South Galatian view holds that Paul wrote Galatians before or shortly after the First Jerusalem Council, probably on his way to it, and that it was written to churches he had presumably planted during either his time in Tarsus ( he would have traveled a short distance, since Tarsus is in Cilicia ) after his first visit to Jerusalem as a Christian, or during his first missionary journey, when he traveled throughout southern Galatia.
He states that the documents probably stemmed from various libraries in Jerusalem, kept safe in the desert from the Roman invasions.
Eusebius references to the encampment of the Legio X Fretensis at Aila ( in southern Israel, near modern Aqaba and Eilat ); the X Fretensis was probably transferred from Jerusalem to Aila under Diocletian.
Jerusalem, while probably not totally abandoned, was much smaller than previously, and the town of Mizpah in Benjamin in the relatively unscathed northern section of the kingdom became the capital of the new Babylonian province of Yehud Medinata.
The concentration of the biblical literature on the experience of the exiles in Babylon disguises the fact that the great majority of the population remained in Judah, and for them life after the fall of Jerusalem probably went on much as it had before.
Yehud's population over the entire period was probably never more than about 30, 000, and that of Jerusalem no more than about 1, 500, most of them connected in some way to the Temple.
Yet it was probably only in the middle of the next century, at the earliest, that Jerusalem again became the capital of Judah.
Inside that synagogue's ruins was discovered a rectangular stone, which had on its surface, among other ornate carvings, a depiction of the seven-branched menorah differing markedly from the depiction on the Arch of Titus, probably carved by an eyewitness to the actual menorah present at the time in the Temple at Jerusalem.
This view is confirmed by the " Prague Fragments " and by certain Old Glagolitic liturgical fragments brought from Jerusalem to Kiev and there discovered by Saresnewsky — probably the oldest document for the Slavonic tongue ; these adhere closely to the Latin type, as is shown by the words " Mass ," " Preface ," and the name of one Felicitas.
He was passed over for the prestigious Patriarchate of Jerusalem, and died in obscurity, probably in 1186.
William does not mention exactly what happened during these embassies, but he probably discussed the Byzantine alliance with Jerusalem, and Manuel's protectorate over Antioch, where, due to pressure from Rome and Jerusalem, the emperor was forced to give up his attempts to restore a Greek patriarch.
Sicarii ( Latin plural of Sicarius ' dagger-men ' or later contract-killer, Hebrew סיקריקים ) is a term applied, in the decades immediately preceding the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 CE, ( probably ) to an extremist splinter group of the Jewish Zealots, who attempted to expel the Romans and their partisans from Judea using concealed daggers ( sicae ).
A valley descending southwest from Jerusalem to the Valley of Elah below, it is an ancient route from the coastal plain to the Judean Hills, probably named after the legendary race of giants.
We are therefore led to believe that the building was ruined, probably by an earthquake, between this period and 1402, when the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem arrived and recorded that it was in ruins.
According to legend, the relic was given to the cathedral by Charlemagne who received it as a gift from Emperor Constantine VI during a crusade to Jerusalem, however this legend was pure fiction ( Charlemagne never went to the Holy Land ) – probably invented in the 11th century to authenticate some relics at the Abbey of St Denis.

Jerusalem and originated
The most radical reconstruction states that the Jews originated as a " mixed multitude " of settlers sent to Jerusalem by the Persians, where they concocted a past for themselves.
Some books ( guidebooks in particular ) suggest that mazes on cathedral floors originated in the medieval period as alternatives to pilgrimage to the Holy Land, but the earliest attested use of the phrase " chemin de Jerusalem " ( path to Jerusalem ) dates to the late 18th century when it was used to describe mazes at Reims and Saint-Omer.
The Iron Cross () is a cross symbol typically in black with a white or silver outline that originated after 1219 when the Kingdom of Jerusalem granted the Teutonic Order the right to combine the Teutonic Black Cross placed above a silver Cross of Jerusalem.
The Stations of the Cross originated in pilgrimages to Jerusalem.
A generally accepted date is sometime in the seventh century BCE and presumably originated among the priests in the Temple in Jerusalem.
Since Christianity originated as a sect of Judaism, the history of Jewish places of worship and the currents of thought in ancient Judaism described above served in part as the basis for the development of the Christian conception of the New Jerusalem.
The feast originated as a result of the dedication of the Basilica of Saint Mary the New, built in 543 by the Byzantines under Emperor Justinian I near the site of the ruined Temple in Jerusalem.
The Military and Hospitaller Order of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem ( OSLJ ) is an order of chivalry which originated in a leper hospital founded by Knights Hospitaller in the twelfth century by Crusaders of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem.
This feast, like that of the Assumption of Mary, originated in Jerusalem.
Melechesh is a Middle Eastern black metal band that originated in Jerusalem.

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