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The Maginot Line (, ), named after the French Minister of War André Maginot, was a line of concrete fortifications, tank obstacles, artillery casemates, machine gun posts, and other defenses, which France constructed along its borders with Germany and Italy, in light of its experience in World War I, and in the run-up to World War II.
Some Related Sentences
Maginot and Line
The second article, published in 1938, states that launching a swift strategic knockout has great attractions for Germany but appears to accept that such a knockout will be very difficult to achieve by land attack under modern conditions ( especially in view of the existence of systems of fortification like the Maginot Line ) unless an exceptionally high degree of surprise is achieved.
The XV Panzer Corps attacked towards Brest, XIV Panzer Corps attacked east of Paris, towards Lyon, and Guderian's XIX Panzer Corps completed the encirclement of the Maginot Line.
Military experts extolled the Maginot Line as a work of genius, believing it would prevent any further invasions from the east ( notably, from Germany ).
It was strategically ineffective, as the Germans indeed invaded Belgium, defeated the French army, flanked the Maginot Line, through the Ardennes forest and via the Low countries, completely sweeping by the line and conquering France in about 6 weeks.
As such, reference to the Maginot Line is used to recall a strategy or object that people hope will prove effective but instead fails miserably.
The Maginot Line was impervious to most forms of attack, and had state-of-the-art living conditions for garrisoned troops, including air conditioning, comfortable eating areas and underground railways.
Part of the rationale for the Maginot Line stemmed from the severe French losses during the First World War, and their effects on French demographics.
In practice, France deployed about twice as many men, 36 divisions ( roughly one third of its force ), for defence of the Maginot Line in Alsace and Lorraine, whereas the opposing German Heeresgruppe C only contained 19 divisions, or less than one seventh of the total force committed in Fall Gelb.
The location of this attack, probably because of the Maginot Line, was through the Belgian Ardennes forest ( sector 4 ) which is off the map to the left of Maginot Line sector 6 ( as marked ).
Although the name " Maginot Line " suggests a rather thin linear fortification, the line was quite deep, varying in depth ( i. e., from the border to the rear area ) from between.
* Ouvrages ( 6 ): These fortresses were the most important fortifications on the Maginot Line, having the sturdiest construction and the heaviest artillery.
* Telephone Network ( 8 ): This system connected every fortification in the Maginot Line, including bunkers, infantry and artillery fortresses, observation posts, and shelters.
There are 142 ouvrages, 352 casemates, 78 shelters, 17 observatories and around blockhouses in the Maginot Line.
Maginot and ),
Advance elements met the enemy near Weisslingen ( Alsace, France ), 5 December, and the entire division moved against the Maginot Line fortifications 2 days later.
On 8 September 1944, in a letter to Martin Bormann ( with whom Burckel didn't get along ), Burckel opined that the lack of combat-ready troops to occupy the defensive line of the Moselle from the boundary of Gau Westmark via the arsenal of Metz-Diedenhofen-south of St. Avoid ( part of the Maginot Line ) to Saaralben made construction of such defensive positions useless.
Maginot and named
This line of military fortifications along France's Eastern border was largely designed by Painlevé, yet named for André Maginot, owing to Maginot's championing of public support and funding.
After climbing them Moon named them after French military disasters, first the Maginot Line and secondly Agincourt.
Maginot and after
The French lost their most capable formations in the encirclement, and they capitulated on 22 June 1940, after the capture of Paris on 14th, and the encirclement of the Maginot Line on 15 June.
Soon after, the 3rd Army came against Metz, part of the Maginot Line and one of the most heavily fortified cities in Western Europe.
At the start of the Campaign in the West in 1940, the 7th Army was part of General Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb's Army Group C. On 14 June 1940, Army Group C attacked the Maginot Line after it had been cut off by armored units of the XXXXI Panzer Corps.
In early June 1940, after reaching the English Channel following the breakthrough in the Ardennes, the Panzergruppe Guderian was formed from the XIX Armeekorps, and thrust deep into France, cutting off the Maginot Line.
Maginot and French
Maginot was another veteran of World War I, who became the French Minister of Veteran Affairs and then Minister of War ( 1928 – 1931 ).
The French-fortified Maginot Line and the Allied forces in Belgium were circumvented by a flanking movement through the thickly wooded Ardennes region, mistakenly perceived by French planners as an impenetrable natural barrier against armoured vehicles.
The French began work on the Maginot line in this year, as a defense against a possible German attack, and on September 5 Briand presented a plan for the United States of Europe.
In response, the Supreme Allied Commander — French General Maurice Gamelin — initiated " Plan D " which relied heavily on the Maginot Line fortifications.
To his north Army Group B under General Fedor von Bock faced the Dutch and Belgian borders, while to his south Army Group C under General Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb faced the French along the Maginot Line.
The plan, devised by Hitler, was essentially for a re-run of the invasion of 1914, with the main assault to come in the north, through Belgium and the Netherlands, then wheeling south to capture Paris, leaving the French Army anchored on the Maginot Line.
This battle allowed them to win the whole Battle of France as they not only bypassed the French fortification system, the Maginot Line, but it also enabled them to entrap the Allied Forces that were advancing east into Belgium, as part of the Allied Dyle Plan strategy.
At the Maginot Line on the other side of the border, British and French troops stood facing them, but there were only some local, minor skirmishes.
At the same time, French divisions were ordered to retreat to their barracks along the Maginot Line.
Emphasis was shifted to military efforts, the first major project being the Westwall ( known in English as the Siegfried Line ) built opposite the French Maginot Line and serving a similar purpose.
Schwerer Gustav was initially intended to be used for breaching the French Maginot Line of fortifications, but was not finished in time and ( as a sign of the times ) the Maginot Line was circumvented by rapid mechanized forces instead of breached in a head-on assault.
It broke the French front and allowed German armor, or " Panzer ", units to cut off the armies in the Maginot Line on 17 June.
* A French military leader tells the British that " a veritable forest of guns " over the Maginot Line will prevent the German Luftwaffe from intervening in a land war between France and Germany.
* The French assure General John Vereker, the British Chief of the General Staff, that they plan to reinforce their antiaircraft artillery in the Maginot Line to counter Germanys superior aircraft such that Germany " would require an unrealizable supremacy of machines to get over the antiaircraft defenses.
In English, Siegfried line more commonly refers to the similar World War II defensive line, built during the 1930s, opposite the French Maginot Line, which served a corresponding purpose.
On May 10 the Phoney War ended with a sweeping German invasion of Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, and French Third Republic that bypassed French fortifications along the Maginot Line.