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The doctrine which The United Irishman was to follow was stated as follows: " that the Irish people had a distinct and indefeasible right to their country, and to all the moral and material wealth and resources thereof, to possess, to govern the same, for their own use, maintenance, comfort and honour, as a distinct Sovereign State ; that it was within their power and their manifest duty to make good and exercise that right ; that the life of one peasant was as precious as the life of one nobleman or gentleman ; that the property of the farmers and labourers of Ireland was as sacred as the property of all the noblemen and gentlemen in Ireland, and also immeasurably more valuable ; that the Tenant Right custom should be extended to all Ulster, and adopted and enforced by common consent in the other three provinces ; that every man who paid taxes should have an equal voice with every other man in the government of the State and the outlay of those taxes ; that no man at present had any ' legal ' rights or claim to the protection of any law and that all ' legal ' and constitutional agitation in Ireland was a delusion ; that every freeman, and every man who desired to become free, ought to have arms, and to practise the use of them ; that no ' combination of classes ' in Ireland was desirable, just, or possible save on the terms of the rights of the industrious classes being acknowledged and secured ; and that no good thing could come from the English Parliament or the English Government ".
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Presupposed in Plato's system is a doctrine of levels of insight, in which a certain kind of detached understanding is alone capable of penetrating to the most sublime wisdom.
He says: `` beside the Protestant philosophy of Progress, as expressed in radical or conservative millenarianism, should be placed the doctrine of the democratic faith which affirmed it to be the duty of the destiny of the United States to assist in the creation of a better world by keeping lighted the beacon of democracy ''.
There is, of course, the doctrine of original sin, which asserts that each of us as individuals partakes of the guilt of our first ancestor.
According to this doctrine, the universe was ruled by Heaven, T'ien -- as a natural force, or in the personification of a Supreme Sky-god -- governing all things by means of a process called the Tao, which can be roughly interpreted as `` the Order of the Universe '' or `` the Universal Way ''.
Pope Pius the Sixth, at Rome, in April, 1778, wrote the following: `` The faithful should be excited to the reading of the Holy Scriptures: For these are the most abundant sources which ought to be left open to everyone, to draw from them purity of morals and of doctrine, to eradicate errors which are so widely disseminated in these corrupt times ''.
In coining the word Altruism, as stated above, Comte was probably opposing this Thomistic doctrine, which is present in some theological schools within Catholicism.
The English doctrine, which was at one time adopted in the United States, asserted that allegiance was indelible: " Nemo potest exuere patriam ".
He is well known for having given a series of lectures in which he championed a pure form of Christian doctrine and chastised his audience about their laxity.
Arianism is defined as those teachings attributed to Arius which are in opposition to mainstream Trinitarian Christological doctrine, as determined by the first two Ecumenical Councils and currently maintained by the Roman Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Churches, the Oriental Orthodox Churches, and most Reformation Protestant Churches.
By 325, the controversy had become significant enough that the Emperor Constantine called an assembly of bishops, the First Council of Nicaea, which condemned Arius ' doctrine and formulated the original Nicene Creed of 325.
The extreme of Calvinism is hyper-Calvinism, which insists that signs of election must be sought before evangelization of the unregenerate takes place and that the eternally damned have no obligation to repent and believe, and on the extreme of Arminianism is Pelagianism, which rejects the doctrine of original sin on grounds of moral accountability ; but the overwhelming majority of Protestant, evangelical pastors and theologians hold to one of these two systems or somewhere in between.
* Extent of the atonement – Arminians, along with four-point Calvinists or Amyraldians, hold to a universal drawing and universal extent of atonement instead of the Calvinist doctrine that the drawing and atonement is limited in extent to the elect only, which many Calvinists prefer to call ' particular redemption '.
Traditional Calvinists believe in the doctrine of the perseverance of the saints, which says that because God chose some unto salvation and actually paid for their particular sins, he keeps them from apostasy and that those who do apostatize were never truly regenerated ( that is, born again ) or saved.
The term was taken and redefined by the anthropologist Sir Edward Tylor in his 1871 book Primitive Culture, in which he defined it as " the general doctrine of souls and other spiritual beings in general.
The intervening 7th century was a period of genuine syncretism during which Christian symbolism and doctrine gradually grew in influence.
Several original treatises also survive, and include a work On Fate, in which he argues against the Stoic doctrine of necessity ; and one On the Soul.
It reflected Alfred's own belief in a doctrine of divine rewards and punishments rooted in a vision of a hierarchical Christian world order in which God is the Lord to whom kings owe obedience and through whom they derive their authority over their followers.
As late as the 1840s, and despite Friedrich Wöhler's synthesis of urea in 1828, some chemists still believed in the doctrine of vitalism, according to which a special life-force was necessary to create organic compounds.
Four years later, plans drawn up by Chris Bryant were revealed which would end the exclusion of Catholics from the throne and end the doctrine of agnatic ( male-preference ) primogeniture in favour of absolute primogeniture, which governs succession solely on birth order and not on sex .< ref >
The doctrine was formulated in the second century in the first of the three senses given by Ramsey, originally as a response to Gnostic claims of having received secret teaching from Christ or the apostles ; it emphasised the public manner in which the apostles had passed on authentic teaching to those whom they entrusted with the care of the churches they founded and that these in turn had passed it on to their successors.
doctrine and United
The doctrine that no man can cast off his native allegiance without the consent of his sovereign was early abandoned in the United States, and Chief Justice John Rutledge also declared in Talbot v. Janson, " a man may, at the same time, enjoy the rights of citizenship under two governments.
Along with the Bill of Rights 1689, it remains today one of the main constitutional laws governing the succession to not only the throne of the United Kingdom, but, following British colonialism, the resultant doctrine of reception, and independence, also to those of the other Commonwealth realms, whether by willing deference to the act as a British statute or as a patriated part of the particular realm's constitution.
Alford guilty plea, an " I'm guilty but I didn't do it " plea and the Alford doctrine ) in United States law is a guilty plea in criminal court, where the defendant does not admit the act and asserts innocence.
After World War II, the generals of the newly-formed U. S. Air Force propounded a new doctrine: that strategic bombing, particularly with nuclear weapons, was the sole decisive element necessary to win any future war ; and was therefore the sole means necessary to deter an adversary from launching a Pearl Harbor like surprise attack or war against the United States.
Courts in the United States and the United Kingdom have rejected the doctrine of a common law copyright.
* 1845 – In accordance with International Boundary delimitation, United States annexes the Mexican state of Texas, following the Manifest Destiny doctrine.
In some parts of the world ethnology has developed along independent paths of investigation and pedagogical doctrine, with cultural anthropology becoming dominant especially in the United States, and social anthropology in Great Britain.
In United States copyright law, fair use is a doctrine that permits limited use of copyrighted material without acquiring permission from the rights holders.
Under the doctrine introduced by the 2003 Defense Policy Guidelines, Germany continues to give priority to the transatlantic partnership with the United States through the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
At the start of his term, Madison was a party to the United States Supreme Court case Marbury v. Madison ( 1803 ), in which the doctrine of judicial review was asserted by the high Court, much to the annoyance of the Jeffersonians who did not want a powerful federalist judiciary.
Andrew Jackson issued a proclamation against the doctrine of nullification, stating: " I consider … the power to annul a law of the United States, assumed by one State, incompatible with the existence of the Union, contradicted expressly by the letter of the Constitution, unauthorized by its spirit, inconsistent with every principle on which it was founded, and destructive of the great object for which it was formed.
With respect to Germany's case against the United States, it held that the doctrine of procedural default was not incompatible with the Vienna Convention, and that even if procedural default did conflict with the Vienna Convention it had been overruled by later federal law — the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996, which explicitly legislated the doctrine of procedural default.
In opposition to the German submissions, the United States argued that the Vienna Convention did not grant rights to individuals, only to states ; that the convention was meant to be exercised subject to the laws of each state party, which in the case of the United States meant subject to the doctrine of procedural default ; and that Germany was seeking to turn the ICJ into an international court of criminal appeal.
* 1896 – The United States Supreme Court rules in Plessy v. Ferguson that the " separate but equal " doctrine is constitutional.
The emerging doctrine of containment ( as opposed to rollback ) argued that the United States needed to substantially aid non-communist countries to stop the spread of Soviet influence.
Mainline American Protestant denominations, including the United Methodist Church, Presbyterian Church USA, The Episcopal Church, and Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, do not teach the doctrine of inerrancy as set forth in the Chicago Statement.
Following Pennoyer, extreme applications of territorial jurisdiction revealed imperfections in the doctrine, and societal changes began to present new problems as the United States ' national economy became more integrated by increasingly efficient multi-state transportation technology and business practices.
For the most part, PC ( USA ) Presbyterians, not unlike similar mainline traditions such as the Episcopal Church and the United Church of Christ, are fairly ( in some instances, strongly ) progressive ( liberal ) on matters such as doctrine, environmental issues, sexual morality, and economic issues, though the denomination remains divided and conflicted on these issues.
However, in the United States, there has been doctrinal confusion in the courts regarding whether or not the continuing violations doctrine applies to particular violations.