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The ecclesiastical historian Socrates Scholasticus ( b. 380 ) attributes the observance of Easter by the church to the perpetuation of its custom, " just as many other customs have been established ," stating that neither Jesus nor his Apostles enjoined the keeping of this or any other festival.
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ecclesiastical and historian
He was formerly identified with an Egyptian priest who, after the destruction of the pagan temple at Alexandria ( 389 ), fled to Constantinople, where he became the tutor of the ecclesiastical historian Socrates.
This has been identified by the historian Ronald Hutton, cited in an article by Roger Dearnsley " The Influence of Aleister Crowley on Ye Bok of Ye Art Magical, as a piece of medieval ecclesiastical Latin used to mean " lifting the veil.
Some, like theologian and ecclesiastical historian John Henry Newman, understand Eusebius ' statement that he had heard Dorotheus of Tyre " expound the Scriptures wisely in the Church " to indicate that Eusebius was Dorotheus ' pupil while the priest was resident in Antioch ; others, like the scholar D. S. Wallace-Hadrill, deem the phrase too ambiguous to support the contention.
Writing in 1872, church historian William Stephens said “ The Patriarch of the Eastern Rome appeals to the great bishops of the West, as the champions of an ecclesiastical discipline which he confesses himself unable to enforce, or to see any prospect of establishing.
* John Walker ( clerical historian ) ( 1674 – 1747 ), English clergyman and ecclesiastical historian
Additionally, a kernel of the tradition may have been drawn from the shadowy early Christian figure John the Presbyter of Syria, whose existence is first inferred by the ecclesiastical historian and bishop Eusebius of Caesarea based on his reading of earlier church fathers.
Cesare Baronio ( also known as Caesar Baronius ; August 30, 1538 – June 30, 1607 ) was an Italian Cardinal and ecclesiastical historian.
The questions were raised in particular by Orazio Marucchi, whose conclusions won the support of Johann Peter Kirsch, an archaeologist and ecclesiastical historian who is the author of the article on Philomena in the Catholic Encyclopedia, an article that has won the support of the historian William Carroll ; but according to Mark Miravalle the conclusions have been rejected by others.
Johann Salomo Semler ( 18 December 1725 – 14 March 1791 ) was a German church historian, biblical commentator, and critic ecclesiastical documents and of the history of dogmas.
He seems to have been uncertain at first as to the topic of his studies, for he was a student of the renowned ecclesiastical historian August Neander, and dallied with geology, but eventually he began to study medicine, with such zeal and success as to attract the notice of Johannes Peter Müller ( 1801 – 1858 ), a well-known teacher of anatomy and physiology.
He was equally eminent in ecclesiastical history, as an editor of texts and as the historian of the British constitution.
ecclesiastical and Socrates
Beyond notices in his extant writings, the major sources are the 5th-century ecclesiastical historians Socrates, Sozomen, and Theodoret, and the 4th-century Christian author Jerome.
As for the East, the Greek ecclesiastical historians Socrates and Sozomen, who wrote a century after the event, reported that the First Council of Nicaea ( 325 ) considered ordering all married clergy to refrain from conjugal relations, but the Council was dissuaded by Paphnutius of Thebes.
Augustine and the 5th-century ecclesiastical historian Socrates of Constantinople, assert that Porphyry was once a Christian.
ecclesiastical and b
The Council sought to: ( a ) bring an end to the practice of the conferring of ecclesiastical benefices by people who were laymen ; ( b ) free the election of bishops and abbots from secular influence ; ( c ) clarify the separation of spiritual and temporal affairs ; ( d ) re-establish the principle that spiritual authority resides solely in the Church ; ( e ) abolish the claim of the emperors to influence papal elections.
As such, the word " economy ", and the concept attaching to it, are utilized especially with regard to two types of " handling ": ( a ) divine economy, that is, God's " handling " or " management " of the fallen state of the world and of mankind — the arrangements he made in order to bring about man's salvation after the Fall ; and ( b ) what might be termed pastoral economy ( or ) ecclesiastical economy, that is, the Church's " handling " or " management " of various pastoral and disciplinary questions, problems, and issues that have arisen through the centuries of Church history.
ecclesiastical and .
The Boston elders were great at befuddling the opposition with torrents of ecclesiastical obscurities, but Gorton was better.
The power of every ecclesiastical organization has always rested on the miracle, and the clergy have always proved their divine commission as did Elijah ''.
The grounds for the Church's position are Scriptural ( Old Testament ), the teachings of the fathers and doctors of the early Church, the unbroken tradition of nineteen centuries, the decisions of the highest ecclesiastical authority and the natural law.
They may even dismiss it from their minds as something that concerns only the `` ecclesiastical Rover Boys '', as someone has dubbed them, who like to go to national and international assemblies, and have expense accounts that permit them to do so.
Moreover, for those few there was almost no ecclesiastical representation in the city to care for their religious needs.
Actually, the dispute between Parker and the society of his time, both ecclesiastical and social, was a real one, a bitter one.
In time bishops came to be appointed locally rather than from England and eventually national synods began to pass ecclesiastical legislation independent of England.
This innovation was not introduced without a struggle, ecclesiastical dignity being regarded as inconsistent with the higher spiritual life, but, before the close of the 5th century, at least in the East, abbots seem almost universally to have become deacons, if not priests.
The ecclesiastical leadership exercised by abbots despite their frequent lay status is proved by their attendance and votes at ecclesiastical councils.
The class did not survive the Revolution ; but the courtesy title of abbé, having long lost all connection in people's minds with any special ecclesiastical function, remained as a convenient general term applicable to any clergyman.
Aurelius Ambrosius, better known in English as Saint Ambrose ( c. 330 – 4 April 397 ), was an archbishop of Milan who became one of the most influential ecclesiastical figures of the 4th century.
* De Officiis Ministrorum ( On the Offices of Ministers, an ecclesiastical handbook modeled on Cicero's De Officiis.
Saint Alcuin had a long career as a teacher and scholar, first at the school at York, founded in AD 627 ( now known as St Peter's School, York ) and later as Charlemagne's leading advisor on ecclesiastical and educational matters.
Allowing himself to be involved in the ecclesiastical disputes that divided Hungary in 1895, he was made the subject of formal complaint by the Hungarian government and in 1896 was recalled.
" On his arrival in Rome, however, charges of simony, or the buying of ecclesiastical office, and lack of learning were brought against him, and his elevation to York was refused by Pope Nicholas II, who also deposed him from Worcester.
He also was the one bishop that published ecclesiastical legislation during Edward the Confessor's reign, attempting to discipline and reform the clergy.
Declaring this to be a civil rather than an ecclesiastical matter, the clergy left the matter to the tsar's own decision.
Alfred undertook no systematic reform of ecclesiastical institutions or religious practices in Wessex.
Absalon never neglected his ecclesiastical duties, and even his wars were of the nature of crusades.