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Page "History of Finland" ¶ 38
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first and Scandinavian
Conversely the use of true brass seems to have declined in Western Europe during this period in favour of gunmetals and other mixed alloys but by the end of the first Millennium AD brass artefacts are found in Scandinavian graves in Scotland, brass was being used in the manufacture of coins in Northumbria and there is archaeological and historical evidence for the production of brass in Germany and The Low Countries areas rich in calamine ore which would remain important centres of brass making throughout the medieval period, especially Dinant – brass objects are still collectively known as dinanterie in French.
The original Old English language was then influenced by two waves of invasion ; the first was by language speakers of the Scandinavian branch of the Germanic family ; they conquered and colonised parts of Britain in the 8th and 9th centuries.
Its first modern incidence in biological warfare were when Scandinavian " freedom fighters " supplied by the German General Staff used anthrax with unknown results against the Imperial Russian Army in Finland in 1916.
The Scandinavian god Heimdallr performs an analogous function: he is born first and will die last.
Elves are first attested in Old English and Old Norse texts and are prominent in traditional British and Scandinavian folklore.
In Scandinavian folklore, which is a later blend of Norse mythology and elements of Christian mythology, an elf is called elver in Danish, alv in Norwegian, and alv or älva in Swedish ( the first is masculine, the second feminine ).
The first is the anonymous Scandinavian Saga of Hrolf Kraki.
The first of these was printed as De l ' Histoire de la poésie ( 1830 ), and was practically the first introduction of the French public to the Scandinavian and German epics.
The band completed the Scandinavian tour as The New Yardbirds, playing together for the first time in front of a live audience at Gladsaxe Teen Clubs in Gladsaxe, Denmark, on 7 September 1968.
Scandinavians had contacts to the Slavs since their very immigration, these first contacts were soon followed by both the construction of Scandinavian emporia and Slavic burghs in their vicinity.
In 826 he became the first Scandinavian ruler to accept baptism, but he was unable to maintain his authority in Jutland and was possibly the first Viking to be granted Frankish land in exchange for protection.
William was a Norman French-speaking fifth-generation descendant of the Viking war-leader Rollo, the first Scandinavian ruler of Normandy ; but Norman historians since Dudo of St. Quentin still celebrated the old Norse heritage of the ducal dynasty.
Sweyn's father, Harald Bluetooth, was the first of the Scandinavian kings to officially accept Christianity, in the early or mid-960s.
He was the first Scandinavian king to accept Christianity.
The previous month, Edward visited the Scandinavian countries, becoming the first British monarch to visit Sweden.
The Luostarinmäki handicrafts museum, converted from residential buildings that survived the Great Fire of Turku in 1827, was the first Scandinavian venue to receive the " Golden Apple " tourism award.
* Ayn Rand included in her book Atlas Shrugged a character who is a modern-day Scandinavian pirate, to whom she gave the first name " Ragnar ".
The first Scandinavian who deliberately sailed to Garðarshólmi ( Iceland ) was Flóki Vilgerðarson, also known as Hrafna-Flóki ( Raven-Flóki ).
Celtic, English, German and Scandinavian folk traditions predominated in this first wave of European immigrant music.
Though the 1983 song " Stronger Than Evil " by Swedish band Heavy Load establishes a case for this band as the first Viking metal group, the roots of Viking metal are generally cited to be later in the Scandinavian metal scene, particularly the death and black metal scenes of the late 1980s.
In some guide books, where many Germans have done the first ascent, the UIAA scale is used for those climbs, and where the first ascent is done by a Scandinavian, the Scandinavian scale is used.

first and documents
( The common misconception that he was Dutch and that his first name was Hendrik stem from Dutch documents of his third voyage.
The surname of the Archbishop of Canterbury is not always used in formal documents ; often only the first name and see are mentioned.
However, early church documents, such as those of the First Council of Nicaea ( 325 ) had always listed the Pope of Rome first among the Ancient Patriarchs ( first four, and later five: Rome, Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch and Jerusalem — collectively referred to as the Pentarchy ).
The term first appeared in the Russian documents in the seventeenth century in documents from 1688, 1700 and 1714.
Bookkeeping involves, first of all, recording the details of all of these source documents into multi-column journals ( also known as a books of first entry or daybooks ).
Both the Connecticut and New Haven Colonies established documents of Fundamental Orders, considered the first constitutions in North America.
The first Italian documents date from the 10th century but Italian must have developed earlier and Tuscan even earlier.
The first half of the book documents his social investigations of Lancashire and Yorkshire.
All Internet Standards are given a number in the STD series-The first document in this series, STD 1, describes the remaining documents in the series, and has a list of Proposed Standards.
His Judaism: The Evidence of the Mishnah ( Chicago, 1981 ; translated into Hebrew and Italian ) is the classic statement of his work and the first of many comparable volumes on the other documents of the rabbinic canon.
When he was two years old, his father was killed in a railway accident, and his name was changed to Karl Friedrich Benz in remembrance of his father .< ref > Karl Benz family gravestone Karl is the spelling of his first name on all of his official personal and municipal documents throughout his life, such as birth, school, honorary doctorate, the Baden State Metal certificate, and on his family grave marker as displayed to the right.
" In the documents he describes the junction of the " Grande Riv des Cansez " and Missouri River, being the first to refer to them by those names.
Limburg is first mentioned in documents in 910 under the name of Lintpurc when Louis the Child granted Konrad Kurzbold an estate in the community on which he was to build a church.
Lesser Poland, or Polonia Minor, appeared for the first time in historical documents in 1493, in the Statutes of Piotrków, during the reign of King Jan Olbracht, to distinguish this province from the cradle of the Polish state, Greater Poland ( Polonia Maior ).
In Southeast Asia, in the first millennium, documents of sufficiently great importance were inscribed on soft metallic sheets such as copperplate, softened by refiner's fire and inscribed with a metal stylus.
The Latin name first appears in medieval documents and it is not known whether this was Maastricht's official name during Roman times.
Its first mention in historical documents in 814 AD suggests there was a church here in the 9th century, most likely built by monks who were associated with the nearby Abbey of Sant ' Antimo.
These reforms included guarantees to ensure the Ottoman subjects perfect security for their lives, honour, and property ; the introduction of the first Ottoman paper banknotes ( 1840 ) and opening of the first post offices ( 1840 ); the reorganization of the finance system according to the French model ( 1840 ); the reorganization of the Civil and Criminal Code according to the French model ( 1840 ); the establishment of the Meclis-i Maarif-i Umumiye ( 1841 ) which was the prototype of the First Ottoman Parliament ( 1876 ); the reorganization of the army and a regular method of recruiting, levying the army, and fixing the duration of military service ( 1843 – 44 ); the adoption of an Ottoman national anthem and Ottoman national flag ( 1844 ); the first nationwide Ottoman census in 1844 ( only male citizens were counted ); the first national identity cards ( officially named the Mecidiye identity papers, or informally kafa kağıdı ( head paper ) documents, 1844 ); the institution of a Council of Public Instruction ( 1845 ) and the Ministry of Education ( Mekatib-i Umumiye Nezareti, 1847, which later became the Maarif Nezareti, 1857 ); the abolition of slavery and slave trade ( 1847 ); the establishment of the first modern universities ( darülfünun, 1848 ), academies ( 1848 ) and teacher schools ( darülmuallimin, 1848 ); establishment of the Ministry of Healthcare ( Tıbbiye Nezareti, 1850 ); the Commerce and Trade Code ( 1850 ); establishment of the Academy of Sciences ( Encümen-i Daniş, 1851 ); establishment of the Şirket-i Hayriye which operated the first steam-powered commuter ferries ( 1851 ); the first European style courts ( Meclis-i Ahkam-ı Adliye, 1853 ) and supreme judiciary council ( Meclis-i Ali-yi Tanzimat, 1853 ); establishment of the modern Municipality of Istanbul ( Şehremaneti, 1854 ) and the City Planning Council ( İntizam-ı Şehir Komisyonu, 1855 ); the abolition of the capitation ( Jizya ) tax on non-Muslims, with a regular method of establishing and collecting taxes ( 1856 ); non-Muslims were allowed to become soldiers ( 1856 ); various provisions for the better administration of the public service and advancement of commerce ; the establishment of the first telegraph networks ( 1847 – 1855 ) and railroads ( 1856 ); the replacement of guilds with factories ; the establishment of the Ottoman Central Bank ( originally established as the Bank-ı Osmanî in 1856, and later reorganized as the Bank-ı Osmanî-i Şahane in 1863 ) and the Ottoman Stock Exchange ( Dersaadet Tahvilat Borsası, established in 1866 ); the Land Code ( Arazi Kanunnamesi, 1857 ); permission for private sector publishers and printing firms with the Serbesti-i Kürşad Nizamnamesi ( 1857 ); establishment of the School of Economical and Political Sciences ( Mekteb-i Mülkiye, 1859 ); the Press and Journalism Regulation Code ( Matbuat Nizamnamesi, 1864 ); among others.

first and mentioning
* The 20th-century Irish poet Louis MacNeice references Catullus in his poem " Epitaph for Liberal Poets ," where he mentions Catullus as amongst the first liberal poets-" Catullus / went down young ," mentioning him in the context of the death of the individual and recognising his and the universal plight.
The 1703 exercise was the first census ever to cover all inhabitants of an entire country, mentioning the name, age, and social position of each individual.
In the first of two stanzas mentioning Fenrir in Vafþrúðnismál, Odin poses a question to the wise jötunn Vafþrúðnir:
The Ancient Indian Kama Sutra, dating from the first century AD, describes oral sex, discussing fellatio in great detail and only briefly mentioning cunnilingus.
The exact nature of the " re-discovery " has been somewhat debated: De Vries published first on the subject, mentioning Mendel in a footnote, while Correns pointed out Mendel's priority after having read De Vries's paper and realizing that he himself did not have priority.
Ptolemy's Geographia, written in the 2nd century, is sometimes considered to contain the first mentioning of the Saxons.
" This was the first mentioning of the term synchronized swimming, although Curtis still used the term rhythmic swimming in her book, Rhythmic Swimming: A Source Book of Synchronized Swimming and Water Pageantry ( Minneapolis: Burgess Publishing Co., 1936 ).
The first word mentioning the name of Sumatra was the name of Srivijayan Haji ( king ) Sumatrabhumi (" King of the land of Sumatra "), who sent an envoy to China in 1017.
The first mention of a Uralic people is in Tacitus's Germania, mentioning the Fenni ( usually interpreted as referring to the Sami ) and two other possibly Uralic tribes living in the farthest reaches of Scandinavia.
The first document mentioning Alcamo is from 1154, a document by the Arab geographer Idrisi.
The first record belongs to the chronicles mentioning Lviv in 1256.
Historical evidence favors the European origin of the name " coconut ", for there is nothing similar in any of the languages of India, where the Portuguese first found the fruit ; and indeed Barbosa, Barros, and Garcia, in mentioning the Malayalam name tenga, and Canarese narle, expressly say, " we call these fruits quoquos ", " our people have given it the name of coco ", and " that which we call coco, and the Malabars temga ".
The very first written definition / discussion on the fossil formation ( mentioning Nummulite quoted from A. M. Celâl Şengör ).
* The first official mentioning of beekeeping in Egypt
The only contemporary sources mentioning him are the two skaldic poems Haraldskvæði and Glymdrápa, which have been attributed to Þorbjörn Hornklofi or alternatively ( in the case of the first poem ) to Þjóðólfr of Hvinir.
The first entry in Music Index mentioning “ bluegrass music ” directed the reader to “ see Country Music ; Hillbilly Music ” ( Kretzschmar, 1970, p. 91 ).
" Black Francis of the Pixies cited Beefheart's The Spotlight Kid as one of the albums he listened to regularly when first writing songs for the band, and Kurt Cobain of Nirvana acknowledged Van Vliet's influence, mentioning him among his notoriously eclectic range.
The first documents mentioning castrati are Italian church records from the 1550s.
The first surviving record explicitly mentioning the gard is from 1269: it notes a " Christianus, castellanus in castro Stolpis, et Hermannus, capellanus in civitate ante castrum predictum ", thus confirming the existence of a fortress (" castrum ") with a suburbium (" civitas ").
Valentinian had a full sister, Justa Grata Honoria, who was probably born in 417 or 418 ( the history of Paul the Deacon mentions her first when mentioning the children of the marriage, suggesting she was the eldest ).
According to anthropologist Paul R. Mullins, the first cookbook mentioning doughnuts was an 1803 English volume which included doughnuts in an appendix of American recipes.
* Plato writes the dialogues Timaeus and Critias, first mentioning Atlantis.
The foundation of the city is attributed to Gaius Marius, around 102 BC, but the first document mentioning a place called " Ayga Mortas " ( dead waters ) dates from the 10th century AD.
The first document mentioning the existence of this community is the town charter granted by Mathieu d ' Alsace in 1181 to Gerard de Guelders, Count of Boulogne ; Calais became part of the county of Boulogne.

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