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The outcome of a cladistic analysis is a cladogram – a tree-shaped diagram ( dendrogram ) that represents a phylogenetic hypothesis, a hypothesis on evolutionary relationships.

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## Some Related Sentences

outcome and analysis

Multivariate statistics

**is****a**form**of**statistics encompassing the simultaneous observation and__analysis__**of**more than one__outcome__variable**.**
In Méthodologie Historique

**(**written in 1906 but not published until 1988 ), Bloch rejected the histoire événementielle**(**event history**)****of**his mentors Charles-Victor Langlois and Charles Seignobos to argue for greater__analysis__**of**the role**of**structural and social phenomena in determining the__outcome__**of**historical events**.**
However

**,**by developing explicit processes**that**generate change from individuals**,**groups or communities**(**Theories**of**Change ), and by fusing political economy__analysis__and__outcome__mapping tools**,**the complex state-citizen dynamics can be better understood**.**
In statistics

**,**logistic regression**is****a**type**of**regression__analysis__used for predicting the__outcome__**of****a**categorical**(****a**variable**that**can take**on****a**limited number**of**categories**)**criterion variable based**on**one or more predictor variables**.****The**particular model used by logistic regression

**,**which distinguishes it from standard linear regression and from other types

**of**regression

__analysis__used for binary-valued outcomes

**,**

**is**the way the probability

**of**

**a**particular

__outcome__

**is**linked to the linear predictor function:

For example

**,**in an__analysis__comparing outcomes in**a**treated and control population**,**the difference**of**__outcome__means < span style =" text-decoration: overline "> Y </ span > − < span style =" text-decoration: overline "> X </ span > would be**a**direct measure**of**the effect size**,**whereas (< span style =" text-decoration: overline "> Y </ span > − < span style =" text-decoration: overline "> X </ span >)/ σ where σ**is**the common standard deviation**of**the outcomes in the treated and control groups**,**would be**a**standardized effect size**.**
In statistics and econometrics

**,**particularly in regression__analysis__**,****a**dummy variable**(**also known as an indicator variable**)****is**one**that**takes the values 0 or 1 to indicate the absence or presence**of**some categorical effect**that**may be expected to shift the__outcome__**.**
* A first theme

**is****that**contrary to the common perception**,**legal materials**(**such as statutes and case law**)**do not completely determine the__outcome__**of**legal disputes**,**or**,**to put it differently**,**the law may well impose many significant constraints**on**the adjudicators in the form**of**substantive rules**,**but**,**in the final__analysis__**,**this may often not be enough to bind them to come to**a**particular decision in**a**given particular case**.**
* In sum

**,**the primary tasks**of**sociological__analysis__are the following:**(**1**)****The**hermeneutic explication and mediation**of**divergent forms**of**life within descriptive metalanguages**of**social science ;**(**2**)**Explication**of**the production and reproduction**of**society as the accomplished__outcome__**of**human agency**.**
Interest groups may attempt to include or exclude significant costs from an

__analysis__to influence the__outcome__**.**
Importantly

**,**the application**of**sequential__analysis__techniques allow the__outcome__**of**earlier experiments to influence the design**of**the next experiment**,**based**on**the updating**of**beliefs as expressed by the prior and posterior distribution**.**
She emphasised the importance

**of**temporality in social__analysis__**,**dividing it into four stages: structural conditioning**,**social interaction**,**its immediate__outcome__and structural elaboration**.**
Experimental and theoretical

__analysis__**of**coin tossing has shown**that**the__outcome__**is**predictable**,**to some degree at least**,**if the initial conditions**of**the toss**(**position**,**velocity and angular momentum**)**are known**.**
Hooper alleges several flaws in experimental methodology

**,**including gluing the moths in place**on**parts**of**trees where they would not naturally settle**,**feeding birds heavily enough to condition them to expect feeding at**that**point**,**artificially boosting recapture rates**,**altering experiments**(**unconsciously**)**to favour the expected__outcome__**,**and errors in statistical__analysis__**.**
* Classification tree

__analysis__**is**when the predicted__outcome__**is**the class to which the data belongs**.**
* Regression tree

__analysis__**is**when the predicted__outcome__can be considered**a**real number**(**e**.**g**.**the price**of****a**house**,**or**a**patient ’ s length**of**stay in**a**hospital ).
An adequate intensity

**of**stimulation**is**necessary to achieve pain relief with TENS .. An__analysis__**of**treatment fidelity**(**meaning**that**the delivery**of**TENS in**a**trial was in accordance with current clinical advice**,**such as using "**a**strong but comfortable sensation " and suitable**,**frequent treatment durations**)**showed**that**higher fidelity trials tended to have**a**positive__outcome__**.****The**core

**of**his

__analysis__

**is**

**that**human minds are the

__outcome__

**of**

**a**successful series

**of**interactions between infant and caregiver

**(**s ).

Simple power

__analysis__can easily distinguish the__outcome__**of**conditional branches in the execution**of**cryptographic software**,**since**a**device does different things**(**consuming different power**)**depending**on**whether the conditional branch**is**taken**.**
Estimates

**of**covariance matrices are required at the initial stages**of**principal component__analysis__and factor__analysis__**,**and are also involved in versions**of**regression__analysis__**that**treat the dependent variables in**a**data-set**,**jointly with the independent variable as the__outcome__**of****a**random sample**.**

outcome and is

Often it

__is__recognized**that**all the details**of**the pattern may not be essential to the__outcome__but**,**because the pattern was empirically determined and not developed through theoretical understanding**,**one__is__never quite certain which behavior elements are effective**,**and the whole pattern becomes ritualized**.**
After all

**,**when one has asked whatever became**of**old Joe and Charlie when one has inquired who it was Sue Brown married and where it__is__they now live when questions are asked and answered about families and children**,**and old professors when the game and its probable__outcome__has been exhausted**that**does it**.**
This matter

__is__**of**great importance**,**and the__outcome__may mean the difference between life or death**,**or at least serious injuries**,**for many veterans**.**
Then

**,**too**,**the utmost clinical flexibility__is__necessary in judiciously combining carefully timed family-oriented home visits**,**single and group office interviews**,**and appropriate telephone follow-up calls**,**if the worker__is__to be genuinely accessible and if the predicted unhealthy__outcome____is__to be actually averted in accordance with the principles**of**preventive intervention**.**
Especially noteworthy

__is__Levinger's finding**that**the length**of**treatment per se__is__not**a**reliable indicator**of**successful__outcome__**.**
Autosuggestibility

**,**the reaction**of**the subject in such**a**way as to conform to his own expectations**of**the__outcome__**(**i.e.**,****that**the arm-rise__is__**a**reaction to the pressure exerted in the voluntary contraction**,**because**of**his knowledge**that**`` to every reaction there__is__an equal and opposite reaction ''**)**also seems inadequate as an explanation for the following reasons:**(**1**)**the subjects' apparently genuine experience**of**surprise when their arms rose**,**and**(**2**)**manifestations**of**the phenomenon despite anticipations**of**something else happening**(**e.g.**,****of**becoming dizzy and maybe falling**,**an expectation spontaneously volunteered by one**of**the subjects**)****.****The**process in which the

__outcome__

**of**any one stage

__is__known only statistically

__is__also

**of**interest

**,**although for chemical reactor design it

__is__not as important as the deterministic process

**.**

If we consider

**a**process in which the__outcome__**of**one stage__is__known before passage to the next**,**then the principle**of**optimality shows**that**the policy in subsequent stages should be optimal with respect to the__outcome__**of**the first**.****The**discussion

**of**the optimal policy when the

__outcome__

**of**one stage

__is__not known before passing to the next

__is__

**a**very much more difficult matter

**.**

This means

**that****a**party who__is__unsatisfied with the__outcome__**of****a**trial may bring an appeal to contest**that**__outcome__**.**
An adventure

__is__defined as an exciting or unusual experience ; it may also be**a**bold**,**usually risky undertaking**,**with an uncertain__outcome__**.**
This

__outcome__also makes**a**country more self-sufficient and politically independent**,**because food importation__is__reduced**.**
" Anxiety

__is__also linked and perpetuated by the person's own pessimistic__outcome__expectancy and how they cope with feedback negativity**)**There are also numerous instances where the killer

__is__not brought to justice in the legal sense but instead dies

**(**death usually being presented as

**a**more ' sympathetic '

__outcome__), for example Death Comes as the End

**,**And Then There Were None

**,**Death

**on**the Nile

**,**Dumb Witness

**,**

**The**Murder

**of**Roger Ackroyd

**,**Crooked House

**,**Appointment with Death

**,**

**The**Hollow

**,**Nemesis

**,**Cat Among the Pigeons

**,**and

**The**Secret Adversary

**.**

outcome and –

Next came

**a**North Vietnamese attempt to overrun the entire country in March__–__April 1970**,**to which U**.**S**.**and South Vietnamese forces responded by**a**limited ground incursion at the end**of**April ...**The**__outcome__in Indochina was not foreordained**.**
It also has been used to argue

**that**perhaps**,**Ceawlin did not win the battle and**that**the chronicler chose not to record the__outcome__fully__–__**a**king does not usually come home " in anger " after taking " many towns and countless war-loot ".
An additional

__outcome__**of**the negotiations was the creation**of**the Hotline Agreement and the Moscow__–__Washington hotline**,****a**direct communications link between Moscow and Washington**,**D**.**C**.**
A review

**of**fourteen studies**on**the subject in sub-Saharan Africa**,**covering insecticide-treated nets**,**residual spraying**,**chemoprophylaxis for children**,**chemoprophylaxis or intermittent treatment for pregnant women**,****a**hypothetical vaccine**,**and changing front__–__line drug treatment**,**found decision making limited by the gross lack**of**information**on**the costs and effects**of**many interventions**,**the very small number**of**cost-effectiveness analyses available**,**the lack**of**evidence**on**the costs and effects**of**packages**of**measures**,**and the problems in generalizing or comparing studies**that**relate to specific settings and use different methodologies and__outcome__measures**.****The**same major interests

**that**Tewodros had — the security

**of**Ethiopia's traditional borders and modernization — were once again foremost

**,**as demonstrated by the

__outcome__

**of**the First Italo

__–__Ethiopian War

**,**Ethiopia's admission to the League

**of**Nations

**(**28 September 1923 ), and the 1935 Second Italo-Abyssinian War

**.**

**The**Euler

__–__MacLaurin summation formula can thus be seen to be an

__outcome__

**of**the representation

**of**functions

**on**the unit interval by the direct product

**of**the Bernoulli polynomials and their duals

**.**

They could allow the drivers to settle the

__outcome__by racing each other__–__and risk one or both cars breaking down or crashing**.****The**successful

__outcome__

**of**the Polish

__–__Soviet War gave Poland

**a**false sense

**of**being

**a**major and self-sufficient military power

**,**and the government

**a**justification for trying to resolve international problems through imposed unilateral solutions

**.**

One well-known qualitative technique employed in I

__–__O psychology**is**John Flanagan's Critical Incident Technique**,**which requires " qualified observers "**(**e**.**g., pilots in studies**of**aviation**,**construction workers in studies**of**construction projects**)**to describe**a**work situation**that**resulted in**a**good or bad__outcome__**.****The**first Conclave

**of**1555

**,**following the death

**of**Julius III

**(**1550

__–__55 ), involved

**a**struggle between French interests in Italy

**(**which had been favored by Julius III

**)**and Imperial interests

**,**which were intent

**on**Church reform through

**a**Church council

**,**but with the Emperor controlling the

__outcome__

**.**

After MLB's establishment

**of**the three-division__–__Wild Card playoff format following the 1993 season**,**New York Times sports columnist Dave Anderson captured the feeling**of**many baseball purists regarding the thrilling**(**and for Giants fans**,**heartbreaking**)**winner-take-all__outcome__as the " last pure pennant race**.**
Most particle physicists state

**that**the__outcome__**of**the ongoing experiments__–__the search for new particles at the large particle accelerators and for dark matter__–__are needed in order to provide theoretical physicists with further input for**a**ToE**.**
* July 14

__–__WWII: Winston Churchill**,**in**a**worldwide broadcast**,**proclaims the intention**of**Great Britain to fight alone against Germany whatever the__outcome__: " We shall seek no terms**.****The**1983

__–__85 famine in Ethiopia

**,**for example

**,**was the

__outcome__

**of**all these three factors

**,**made worse by the Communist government's censorship

**of**the emerging crisis

**.**

**The**

__outcome__

**is**

**a**large range and fullness

**of**overtones

__–__one

**of**the characteristics

**of**the " Steinway sound ".

**The**

__outcome__hangs in the balance ; the Romans retreat to the Palatine Hill

**,**where Romulus calls

**on**Jupiter for help

__–__traditionally at the place where

**a**temple to Jupiter Stator (" the stayer ") was built

**.**

**The**film's German director Roland Emmerich said " these were characters I could relate to

**,**and they were engaged in

**a**conflict

**that**had

**a**significant

__outcome__

__–__the creation

**of**the first modern democratic government

**.**

# Measurement

**of**Uncertainty: A set**of**possible states or outcomes where probabilities are assigned to each possible state or__outcome____–__this also includes the application**of****a**probability density function to continuous variables
Under Kaldor

__–__Hicks efficiency**,**an__outcome__**is**considered more efficient if**a**Pareto optimal__outcome__can be reached by arranging sufficient compensation from those**that**are made better off to those**that**are made worse off so**that**all would end up no worse off than before**.**
Using Kaldor

__–__Hicks efficiency**,**an__outcome__**is**more efficient if those**that**are made better off could in theory compensate those**that**are made worse off**,**so**that****a**Pareto improving__outcome__results**.**0.613 seconds.