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The rules are often deliberately written with subtle loopholes that contestants are somewhat encouraged to find and abuse.
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rules and are
The Axioms required to make the theoretical machinery operate are set out tersely and powerfully, so that all permissible operations within the theory can be traced rigorously back to these axioms, rules, and primitive notions.
There are in The Almagest no rules for determining in advance whether a new epicycle will be required for dealing with abberations in lunar, solar, or planetary behavior.
`` We were requested by the Secretary General, as I understand it, to discuss with you such matters as appear to us to be relevant, and we are not of course either a formal group or a committee in the sense of being guided by any rules or regulations of the Secretariat.
Rather, such assignments are made, as they must be, on the basis of certain overall rules and standards, representing to some extent a statistical approach to the problem, taking into account for each situation some of the variables ( e.g., power and station separations ) and averaging out others in order to achieve the balance which must be struck between protection against destructive interference and the assignment of a number of stations large enough to afford optimum radio service to the Nation.
We speculate that compulsives in the unstructured schools are under greater strain because of the lack of systemization in their school setting, but that their need to organize ( for comfort ) is so intense that they struggle to induce the phonic rules and achieve in spite of the lack of direction from the environment.
Often, therefore, there are a number of rules having the same effect, and commonly other sets of rules as well, having the opposite effect.
While patent suits are still among the most complex and expensive forms of litigation, these rules have saved litigants uncounted sums of money.
Other items on the agenda during the meetings, which are expected to continue through Saturday, concern television, rules changes, professional football's hall of fame, players' benefits and constitutional amendments.
In accordance with the principle on which alphabets are based, these rules will generally map letters of the alphabet to the phonemes ( significant sounds ) of the spoken language.
French, with its silent letters and its heavy use of nasal vowels and elision, may seem to lack much correspondence between spelling and pronunciation, but its rules on pronunciation, though complex, are actually consistent and predictable with a fair degree of accuracy.
Even English has general, albeit complex, rules that predict pronunciation from spelling, and these rules are successful most of the time ; rules to predict spelling from the pronunciation have a higher failure rate.
Jehovah's Witnesses and Seventh-day Adventists, though they have among the strictest rules on how to conduct their lives, teach that sinners are destroyed rather than tortured forever.
There are rather strict selection rules as to the electronic configurations that can be reached by excitation by light — however there are no such rules for excitation by collision processes.
The driver will pick up more passengers as long as seats are available, and will transport them to their destination based on first come first served rules.
rules and often
Readers unacquainted with its reputation as a satirical work often do not immediately realize that Swift was not seriously proposing cannibalism and infanticide, nor would readers unfamiliar with the satires of Horace and Juvenal recognize that Swift's essay follows the rules and structure of Latin satires.
Each issue is a collection of contributions from different authors, often featuring game design discussions, rules variants, write-ups of game sessions, reviews, and comments on others contributions.
The rules are often framed in broad terms, which allow flexibility in their application depending on the nature of the game.
In 621 BC a scribe named Draco codified the cruel oral laws of the city-state of Athens ; this code prescribed the death penalty for many offences ( nowadays very severe rules are often called " Draconian ").
Strict rules often indicate that each portion must contain a certain minimum number of cards, such as three or five.
When a game becomes sufficiently popular, so that people often play it with strangers, there is a need for a generally accepted set of rules.
However, players are free to, and often do, invent " house rules " to supplement or even largely replace the " standard " rules.
In April 1823, US Secretary of State John Quincy Adams discussed the rules of political gravitation, in a theory often referred to as the " ripe fruit theory ".
Some critics of this approach feel that while these models approach biological reality as a representation of how the system works, they lack explanatory powers because complicated systems of connections with even simple rules are extremely complex and often less interpretable than the system they model.
Because his vision of personal and social perfections was framed as a revival of the ordered society of earlier times, Confucius is often considered a great proponent of conservatism, but a closer look at what he proposes often shows that he used ( and perhaps twisted ) past institutions and rites to push a new political agenda of his own: a revival of a unified royal state, whose rulers would succeed to power on the basis of their moral merits instead of lineage. These would be rulers devoted to their people, striving for personal and social perfection, and such a ruler would spread his own virtues to the people instead of imposing proper behavior with laws and rules.
Constitutional laws may often be considered second order rulemaking or rules about making rules to exercise power.
Of course, such an event is rare in coalition governments when compared to two-party systems, which typically exists because of stifling the growth of emerging parties, often through discriminatory nomination rules regulations and plurality voting systems, and so on.
The " block structure " aspect that context-free grammars capture is so fundamental to grammar that the terms syntax and grammar are often identified with context-free grammar rules, especially in computer science.
An 1869 game of intercollegiate " football " between Rutgers and Princeton is often cited as the first intercollegiate American football game, however it was an unfamiliar ancestor of today's college football, as it was played under 6-year-old soccer-style Association rules.
Yale, together with Rutgers, Princeton and Columbia met on October 20, 1873 at the Fifth Avenue Hotel in New York City to agree a set of rules and regulations that would allow them play a form of football that was essentially Association football ( today often called " soccer " in the US ) in character.
In federal civil procedure law, which has also been accepted by approximately 35 states ( through adoption of state civil procedure rules similar to the federal rules ), the class action must have certain definite characteristics ( often referred to by the acronym CANT ):
Additional background history, usually not covered by specific rules, is often also used to further develop the character.
Fully normalized database designs ( that is, those satisfying all five Codd rules ) often result in information from a business transaction being stored in dozens to hundreds of tables.
rules and deliberately
Because of the vulnerability of a player in such a position, the National Collegiate Athletic Association ( NCAA ) and the National Federation of State High School Associations (" Fed ") have adopted rules providing that if a player is positioned at least 7 yards behind the neutral zone to receive a snap, opponents are not to deliberately contact the snapper until one second after the snap ( NCAA ), or until the snapper has a chance to react ( Fed ).
Entries that take advantage of some loophole in the rules ( whether or not they pass a final round of judging ) can cause the rules for the following year's contest to be adjusted accordingly ( although often other subtle loopholes are deliberately introduced in the process ).
It was the military prosecution's contention that Calley, in defiance of the rules of engagement, ordered his men to deliberately murder unarmed Vietnamese civilians despite the fact that his men were not under enemy fire at all.
Prior to the establishment of official rules by the Afghan Olympic Federation the sport was mainly conducted based upon rules such as not whipping a fellow rider intentionally or deliberately knocking him off his horse.
Inversely, there are always people who deliberately seek for " loopholes " in the ordinary rules and channels for criticism, in order to make a criticism which, although strictly not illegal, has a malicious intention, or offends the target of the criticism.
Although quorum-busting is virtually unheard of in Australia, it is not unknown for parties to deliberately use quorum counts as a disruptive tactic and there have been some suggestions to enact rules to restrict this practice ; however, this is very difficult due to the explicit mention of a quorum in the constitution.
However, realising that there is no place for her on the outside, the institutionalised Lizzie deliberately commits a petty offence in order to return to Wentworth which, as with many long-serving inmates for whom the prison environment and rules turns into a way of life, had become home.
Furthermore, former Connecticut Chief Justice Simeon E. Baldwin upheld the claim in Norris Osborn ’ s History of Connecticut in Monographic Form, declaring that “ never had a company of men deliberately met to frame a social compact for immediate use, constituting a new and independent commonwealth, with definite officers, executive and legislative, and prescribed rules and modes of government, until the first planters of Connecticut came together for their great work on January 14th, 1638-9 .” Drafted primarily by Roger Ludlow, it was clearly the first compact between a government and the people to uphold the Rev.
As a female character introduced in a first-person shooter, Joanna was deliberately designed to " all the rules ".
Another variation has the devil himself steering and deliberately trying to break the rules on the return journey, at which point they threw him out of the canoe to save themselves.
It could not be proved that BAR were deliberately cheating ; however, for contravention of the rules, both drivers were stripped of their points from San Marino and banned from the next two races.
After some teams in need of a line change ( player substitution ) began deliberately icing the puck to stop play, and as part of a group of important rules changes following the 2004 – 05 NHL lockout, the NHL supplemented the icing rule prior to the 2005-06 season by not allowing the offending team to substitute players before the next faceoff, except to replace an injured player or when the goaltender must return to the net following an icing call.
According to NHL rules, various infractions during a breakaway that can lead to a penalty shot being awarded include: a goaltender deliberately dislodging a goal-post ( delay of game ), a defending player using a stick or any other part of his body to interfere with the attacking player, a goaltender or other player throwing his stick to distract or hinder the attacking player, or any other foul committed against the attacking player from behind.
Thus the Pickering rule has been extended to all offences, and a captain need no longer worry that the opponents are deliberately breaking the rules to waste time ( which was what had motivated OTH to hot 3 on 8 in the first place ).
It features many of the same characteristics: seemingly deliberately over-complicated rules, highly specialised terminology ( including stickles, maison, ubique, fat chalet, hefty fondue, Emmental loop, classical heist, topmiler, burrows and hedgehog ) and roots in a public school.
Spider Robinson reviewed the novel favorably, declaring that although Sheckley deliberately broke most of the rules for successful storytelling, Options was " hilarious.
However, Fleischer was quite wrong in his interpretation of how the rules applied: since Clay had deliberately not gone to a neutral corner, Walcott had been correct in not counting Liston out ; the actual time Liston had been down was beside the point.
Pattern-makers are able to produce suitable patterns using ' Contraction rules ' ( these are sometimes called " shrink allowance rulers " where the ruled markings are deliberately made to a larger spacing according to the percentage of extra length needed ).
Because successful players are faced with the ( usually ) undesirable task of being the goalkeeper, rules are often applied to ensure their stay in goal is not deliberately extended by unscrupulous players.
However, the rules do not prevent all potential injuries to a hand, finger, or even a child's head, if someone deliberately holds the switch when the window is closing.
He has on occasion deliberately broken the rules by incorporating illegal lifts into his choreography, and as a result has often been dubbed the " bad boy of Strictly ".