[permalink] [id link]
The species name troglodytes, Greek for " cave-dweller ", was coined by Johann Friedrich Blumenbach in his book De generis humani varietate nativa liber (" on the natural varieties of the human genus ") published in 1776, This book was based on his dissertation presented one year before ( it had a date 16 Sep 1775 printed on its title page ) to the University of Göttingen for internal use only, thus the dissertation did not meet the conditions for published work in the sense of zoological nomenclature.
Some Related Sentences
species and name
The name thyroid-stimulating hormone ( TSH ) has been given to a substance found in the anterior pituitary gland of all species of animal so tested for its presence.
There is Mijbil, an otter who travelled with Maxwell -- and gave Maxwell's name to a new species -- from the Tigris marshes to his London flat.
A more or less typical monocotyledon, the species can be recognized by its shortly branched inflorescence covered with branched hairs ( giving rise to the common name of Lamb's-tail ).
Although the name actually applies to a group of snakes, it is often used to refer only to one species in particular, the common or green anaconda, Eunectes murinus, which is one of the largest snakes in the world.
However, this name is used to refer to the brown vine snake, Ahaetulla pulverulenta, a slender, arboreal species that grows to five feet ( 152 cm ) at most and feeds only on small vertebrates.
In 1753 Carl Linnaeus created the name Amaryllis belladonna, the type species of the genus Amaryllis.
He used a two-part naming scheme where the first name represented the genus and the second the species.
The scientific name of an organism is generated from its genus and species, resulting in a single world-wide name for each organism.
The best-known bee species is the European honey bee, which, as its name suggests, produces honey, as do a few other types of bee.
The Paleocene recovery of plants began with recolonizations by fern species, represented as a fern spike in the geologic record ; this same type of fern recolonization was observed after the 1980 Mount St. Helens eruption .< ref name =" SchultzDhondt ">
The species derives its common name from its use against the cane beetle ( Dermolepida albohirtum ).
The patterned fabric also gave its name to two species of North American crabs ; see the calico crab.
Only gems that are medium to dark in tone are considered emerald ; light-toned gems are known instead by the species name green beryl.
However, if these species do indeed constitute their own genus, then they may be given their own name, the Paranthropus.
Often the species of mafic minerals is included in the name, for instance, hornblende-bearing granite, pyroxene tonalite or augite megacrystic monzonite, because the term " granite " already assumes content with feldspar and quartz.
The generic name is derived from the Spanish and Portuguese name for the species, and the specific name impennis is from Latin and refers to the lack of flight feathers or pennae.
species and troglodytes
The common chimpanzee ( Pan troglodytes ), also known as the robust chimpanzee, is a species of great ape.
The bonobo ( or ), Pan paniscus, previously called the pygmy chimpanzee and less often, the dwarf or gracile chimpanzee, is a great ape and one of the two species making up the genus Pan ; the other is Pan troglodytes, or the common chimpanzee.
Four species of Great Apes ( Hominidae ) are endemic to Africa: both species of Gorilla ( Western Gorilla, Gorilla gorilla, and Eastern Gorilla, Gorilla beringei ) and both species of Chimpanzee ( Common Chimpanzee, Pan troglodytes, and Bonobo, Pan paniscus ).
Muirite ( a mineral ), Erigeron muirii, Carlquistia muirii ( two species of aster ), Ivesia muirii ( a member of the rose family ), Troglodytes troglodytes muiri ( a type of wren ), Ochotona princeps muirii ( a subspecies of alpine rabbit ), Thecla muirii ( a butterfly ), and Amplaria muiri ( a millipede ) were all named after John Muir.
In 1758, Carolus Linnaeus, relying on second-or third-hand accounts, placed a second species in Homo along with H. sapiens: Homo troglodytes (" cave-dwelling man ").
The smallest species of the family is the Shelley's Oliveback ( Nesocharis shelleyi ) at a mere, although the lightest species is the Black-rumped Waxbill ( Estrilda troglodytes ) at.
The ape species included in the study were western gorillas ( Gorilla gorilla ), eastern gorillas ( Gorilla beringei ), bonobos ( Pan paniscus ) and chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes ).
Blumenbach knew that Linnaeus had already established a name Homo troglodytes for a badly known primate, and in 1779 he discussed this Linnean name and concluded correctly that Linnaeus had been dealing with two species, a human and an orangutan, none of them was a chimpanzee, and that by consequence the name Homo troglodytes could not be used.
In Opinion 1368 the ICZN Commission decided in 1985 that Blumenbach's view should be followed, and that his Simia troglodytes as published by Blumenbach in 1779 shall be the type species of the genus Pan and, since it was the oldest available name for the Common Chimpanzee, be used for this species.
The species examined included Pan troglodytes ( chimpanzee ), Macaca mulatta ( rhesus monkey ), Pongo pygmaeus ( orangutan ), Rattus norvegicus ( brown rat ), Mus musculus ( mouse ), Monodelphis domestica ( opossum ), Bos taurus ( cow ) and Canis familiaris ( dog ).
species and Greek
The Greek words " ida " ( οίδα: know ) and " idos " ( είδος: species ) have the same root as the word " idea " ( ιδέα ), indicating how the Greek mind moved from the gift of the senses, to the principles beyond the senses.
The four species include the leopard snake ( locally known as Ochendra ), the Balkan whip snake ( locally called Dendrogallia ), the dice snake ( called Nerofido in Greek ), and the only venomous snake is the nocturnal cat snake which has evolved to deliver its venom in to geckos and small lizards and is not dangerous to humans.
In 1816, in the third volume of Lorenz Oken's Lehrbuch der Naturgeschichte, the author found sufficient similarities in the dentition of coyotes and jackals to place these species into a new separate genus from Canis called Thos after the classical Greek word θώς ( jackal ).
Similarities between jackals and coyotes led Lorenz Oken, in 1816, in the third volume of his Lehrbuch der Naturgeschichte, to place these species into a new separate genus, Thos, after the classical Greek word " jackal ", but his theory had little immediate impact on taxonomy at the time.
The first component of its taxonomic designation, Panthera, is Latin, from the Greek word for leopard, πάνθηρ, the type species for the genus.
Ancient Romans originally applied orca ( plural orcae ) to these animals, possibly borrowing it from the Greek, which referred ( among other things ) to a whale species.
The name Oligocene comes from the Greek ( oligos, few ) and ( kainos, new ), and refers to the sparsity of additional modern mammalian species of fauna after a burst of evolution during the Eocene.
In the case of a frog croaking, the spelling may vary because different frog species around the world make different sounds: Ancient Greek brekekekex koax koax ( only in Aristophanes ' comic play The Frogs ) for probably marsh frogs ; English ribbit for species of frog found in North America ; English verb " croak " for the common frog.
* Platyrhodon ( from the Greek for " flaky rose ", referring to flaky bark ) with one species from east Asia, Rosa roxburghii.
It did not however impose the Aristotelian theory of substance and accidents: it spoke only of the species ( the appearances ), not the philosophical term " accidents ", and the word " substance " was in ecclesiastical use for many centuries before Aristotelian philosophy was adopted in the West, as shown for instance by its use in the Nicene Creed which speaks of Christ having the same " οὐσία " ( Greek ) or " substantia " ( Latin ) as the Father.
The hippopotamus ( Hippopotamus amphibius ), or hippo, from the ancient Greek for " river horse " (), is a large, mostly herbivorous mammal in sub-Saharan Africa, and one of only two extant species in the family Hippopotamidae ( the other is the pygmy hippopotamus ).
Galanthus ( Snowdrop ; Greek gála " milk ", ánthos " flower ") is a small genus of about 20 species of bulbous herbaceous plants in the family Amaryllidaceae, subfamily Amaryllidoideae.
Symbiosis ( from Ancient Greek σύν " together " and βίωσις " living ") is close and often long-term interaction between two or more different biological species.
Rhododendron ( from Ancient Greek ῥόδον " rose " and δένδρον " tree ") is a genus of over 1000 species of woody plants in the heath family, either evergreen or deciduous.
The genus name, Acinonyx, means " no-move-claw " in Greek, while the species name, jubatus, means " maned " or " crested " in Latin, a reference to the dorsal crest found in cheetah cubs.
The perch, of which there are three species in different geographical areas, lend their name to a large order of vertebrates: the Perciformes, from the Greek perke meaning spotted, and the Latin forma meaning shape.
Ancient Greek and Roman medical texts by Hippocrates, Theophrastus, Aulus Cornelius Celsus, Pedanius Dioscorides, and Pliny the Elder discussed the use of opium and Solanum species.
Ancient Greek and Latin used the same word, kedros and cedrus respectively, for different species of plants now classified in the genera Cedrus and Juniperus ( juniper ).
Species of both genera are native to the area where Greek language and culture originated, though as the word " kedros " does not seem to be derived from any of the languages of the Middle East, it has been suggested the word may originally have applied to Greek species of juniper and was later adopted for species now classified in the genus Cedrus because of the similarity of their aromatic woods.