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These models solve the horizon problem through an expanding epoch well before the Big Bang, and then generate the required spectrum of primordial density perturbations during a contracting phase leading to a Big Crunch.
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These and models
These post-acute withdrawal symptoms have also been demonstrated in animal models of alcohol dependence and withdrawal.
These models were known as dwarf safeties, or safety bicycles, for their lower seat height and better weight distribution ( although without pneumatic tires the ride of the smaller-wheeled bicycle would be much rougher than that of the larger-wheeled variety ).
These include models to study the electronic properties of solids, such as the Drude model, the Band structure and the density functional theory.
These models could not easily be reconciled with the way objects are observed to behave on the macro scale of everyday life.
These bonds exist between two particular identifiable atoms, and have a direction in space, allowing them to be shown as single connecting lines between atoms in drawings, or modeled as sticks between spheres in models.
These models predict an upward trend in the global mean surface temperature, with the most rapid increase in temperature being projected for the higher latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere.
These vehicles typically sacrifice some depth of capability from civilian models in order to gain greater speed and independence from prime movers.
These have more to do with the simplified models of bulk matter used, and in any case have nothing to do with general relativity, and need to be excluded.
These models were popular in the 1960s, 1970s, but nowadays can be found primarily in old legacy systems.
These models also featured an innovation with a generator that doubled up as a self-starter, which was mounted directly on the crankshaft.
These models where produced with a 1, 000 cc two-stroke engine, with a choice between or S versions until 1963.
These are represented in theoretical and empirical forms ( as in the neoclassical and endogenous growth models ) and in growth accounting.
These models afford advantages over classical test theory, including the capacity to produce standard errors of measurement for each score or pattern of scores on assessments and the capacity to handle missing responses.
These models of socialism are not to be confused with other forms of market socialism ( e. g. the Lange model ) where publicly owned enterprises are coordinated by a degree of economic planning in setting prices for capital goods.
These “ rate-distortion ” models suggest that the genetic code originated as a result of the interplay of the three conflicting evolutionary forces: the needs for diverse amino-acids, for error-tolerance and for minimal cost of resources.
These are written in rhyming couplets, and again draw on French models such as Chrétien de Troyes, many of them relating Arthurian material, for example, Parzival by Wolfram von Eschenbach.
These models are black box systems, using mathematical and statistical concepts to link a certain input ( for instance rainfall ) to the model output ( for instance runoff ).
These models focus on the unrestrained seigniorage of the monetary authority, and the gains from the inflation tax.
These models include the Radio Shack TandyVision, the GTE-Sylvania Intellivision, and the Sears Super Video Arcade.
These and solve
These problems are time consuming to solve, but usually faster than trying all possible keys by brute force.
These range from simplified forms of the first-principles equations that are easier or faster to solve, to approximations limiting the size of the system ( for example, periodic boundary conditions ), to fundamental approximations to the underlying equations that are required to achieve any solution to them at all.
These later dates for Bertha and Æthelberht also solve another possible problem: Æthelberht's daughter, Æthelburh, seems likely to have been Bertha's child, but the earlier dates would have Bertha aged sixty or so at Æthelburh's likely birthdate using the early dates.
These algorithms model diffuse inter-reflection which is a very important part of global illumination ; however most of these ( excluding radiosity ) also model specular reflection, which makes them more accurate algorithms to solve the lighting equation and provide a more realistically illuminated scene.
These equations are notoriously difficult to solve, but in many instances approximations suffice for a good description of lifting airfoils.
These characterisations of the roots of arbitrary polynomials are generalisations of the methods previously discovered to solve the quintic equation.
These were precisely the ' urban ills ' Modernism was meant to ' solve ', but more often than not, the types of ' comprehensive ', ' one size fits all ' approaches to planning made things worse., and residents began to show interest in becoming involved in decisions which had once been solely entrusted to professionals of the built environment.
These states are important in their own right, and moreover if the stationary states are classified and understood, then it becomes easier to solve the time-dependent Schrödinger equation for any state.
These are actually the easiest puzzles to solve, since fewer other pieces are potential candidates for mating.
These two starting trigonometric values are usually computed using existing library functions ( but could also be found e. g. by employing Newton's method in the complex plane to solve for the primitive root of z < sup > N </ sup > − 1 ).
These opponents of NATO war claim that war was avoidable, had the real wish of US and NATO been to solve the Kosovo problem.
These might be regarded as ' natural ' problems in that there are physical processes that solve these problems.
These techniques used are based on the belief that the spirit can solve the body ’ s difficulties by putting the spirit in communication with the body.
These categories are not disjoint ; to solve a particular problem a transmission substation may include significant distribution functions, for example.
These conditions can be local ( like demanding that the sections in the domain vanish at the boundary ) or more complicated global conditions ( like requiring that the sections in the domain solve some differential equation ).
These included Podd ( find out which actions a red blobby character can perform ( e. g. jump, smile, dance ), Squeeze ( a two player strategy game of squeezing shapes onto a board ) and Cranky ( solve maths problems to repair a living calculator ).
These various views may be called upon to help solve engineering problems posed by solid-geometry principles.
These are very common in government legislatures, and are used to solve special problems, hence their name.
These abilities are required to solve puzzles later in the game, and can also be used to great effect in combat, since any non-static object within proximity to the player has the potential to be used as a makeshift defense or a deadly projectile.
These equations are generally more difficult to solve than ordinary differential equations, which contain derivatives with respect to only one variable.