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Page "Brain" ¶ 1
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These and neurons
These channels regulate membrane excitability, and halothane has been found to reduce neuronal firing by hyperpolarizing neurons by a current similar to TASK.
These questions include how signals are processed by neurites – thin extensions from a neuronal cell body, consisting of dendrites ( specialized to receive synaptic inputs from other neurons ) and axons ( specialized to conduct nerve impulses called action potentials ) – and somas ( the cell bodies of the neurons containing the nucleus ), and how neurotransmitters and electrical signals are used to process information in a neuron.
These questions include the patterning and regionalization of the nervous system, neural stem cells, differentiation of neurons and glia, neuronal migration, axonal and dendritic development, trophic interactions, and synapse formation.
These impulses are extremely fast, with some myelinated neurons conducting at speeds up to 120 m / s.
These neurons terminate throughout the brain stem, with one tenth of fibres stopping in the thalamus and the rest stopping in the medulla, pons and periaqueductal grey of the midbrain tectum.
These receptors, which exist in a variety of areas in the body, inhibit firing of neurons that would otherwise be stimulated to do so by nociceptors.
These neurons release the excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate at their synapses.
These include sensory neurons that transmute physical stimuli such as light and sound into neural signals, and motor neurons that transmute neural signals into activation of muscles or glands ; however in many species the great majority of neurons receive all of their input from other neurons and send their output to other neurons.
These first order neurons enter the spinal cord via Lissauer's tract.
These second order neurons ( spinothalamic tract ) then decussate, crossing via the anterior white commissure before ascending contralaterally.
The first studies of the electrophysiological properties of neurons in MT showed that a large portion of the cells were tuned to the speed and direction of moving visual stimuli These results suggested that MT played a significant role in the processing of visual motion.
These findings have also been confirmed by stereotactic microelectrode analysis of single cortical neurons in a study, which involved nine patients undergoing bilateral cingulotomy.
These results combined with electrophysiological investigation of the function of neurons in the anterior cingulate cortex have provided insights that can be used in the improvement of cingulotomy performed on patients treated for OCD.
These neurons use GABA as their neurotransmitter.
These constitute the great majority of neurons in the densely packed hippocampal layers.
These reflect subthreshold membrane potentials and strongly modulate the spiking of hippocampal neurons and synchronise across the hippocampus in a travelling wave pattern.
These proteins would then intervene the rapid upstroke of an action potential, thus allowing a flow of sodium ions into neurons.
These studies are quite exciting because they show that neurons that have suffered the consequences of loss of MECP2 function are poised to regain functionality once MECP2 is provided gradually and in the correct spatial distribution.
These findings have led to the hypotheses that ( 1 ) breakdown of the blood – brain barrier allows access of neuron-binding autoantibodies and soluble exogenous Aβ42 to brain neurons and ( 2 ) binding of these auto-antibodies to neurons triggers and / or facilitates the internalization and accumulation of cell surface-bound Aβ42 in vulnerable neurons through their natural tendency to clear surface-bound autoantibodies via endocytosis.

These and communicate
These may be brought about, for example, by such factors as poor management, lack of consultation with employees, personality conflicts which can result in people delaying or refusing to communicate, the personal attitudes of individual employees which may be due to lack of motivation or dissatisfaction at work, brought about by insufficient training to enable them to carry out particular tasks, or just resistance to change due to entrenched attitudes and ideas.
These system buses are also used to communicate with most ( or all ) other peripherals, through adaptors, which in turn talk to other peripherals and controllers.
" These are likely the same Cathari mentioned in Canon 8 of the First Ecumenical Council of Nicaea in 325 AD, which states "... f those called Cathari come over the Catholic faith, let them first make profession that they are willing to communicate full communion with the twice-married, and grant pardon to those who have lapsed ..."
These pools and baths were said to have magical powers, and imparted the ability to communicate to Apollo himself.
These can take part in self-perpetuating circuits in the gene regulatory network, circuits that can involve several cells that communicate with each other.
Information and communication technologies ( ICTs ) are a “ diverse set of tools and resources used to communicate, create, disseminate, store, and manage information .” These technologies include computers, the Internet, broadcasting technologies ( radio and television ), and telephony.
These manifest as individual differences in intelligence, creativity, cognitive style, motivation and the capacity to process information, communicate, and relate to others.
These believe that what the New Testament described as " speaking in tongues " was xenoglossia, a miraculous spiritual gift through which the speaker could communicate in natural languages not previously studied.
These code values can be used in almost any data interchange system to communicate in the following European languages ( with a few exceptions due to missing characters, as noted ):
These ephemeral addresses, instead of trackable static IP addresses, are used to communicate with remote hosts.
These people believe all individuals can communicate directly with God and therefore do not need guidance or doctrines from a church.
These workers make changes in the instructions that determine how the network, workstations, and CPU of the system handle the various jobs they have been given and how they communicate with peripheral equipment such as printers and disk drives.
These communicate using XML / SOAP via port 80, which is normally left open or filtered through a HTTP proxy inside the organization, for web browsing via HTTP.
These theorists have argued that a person who expresses homophobia does so not only to communicate their beliefs about the class of gay people, but also to distance themselves from this class and its social status.
These licenses allow creators to communicate which rights they reserve, and which rights they waive for the benefit of recipients or other creators.
These enable a drafter to communicate more concisely by using a commonly-understood convention.
These tools may facilitate the individual's communication with other people ; they may be able to better communicate their needs, preferences, and choices using these devices.
These grammatical simplifications resemble those observed in pidgins, creoles and other contact languages, which arise when speakers of two different languages need to communicate with one another.
These may be used to communicate with ground stations on Earth, or with other spacecraft.
These are basically more intelligent systems that try to communicate with cars to alert drivers of impeding light changes and reduce motorists ' waiting time considerably.
These virtual communities all encourage interaction, sometimes focusing around a particular interest, or sometimes just to communicate.
These applications communicate with the handset or a server using SIM application toolkit, which was initially specified by ETSI in TS 11. 14.
These different levels of territory, in addition to factors involving personal space, suggest ways for us to communicate and produce expectations of appropriate behavior.
In contrast, individuals who occupy stations at the edges of the pattern handle fewer messages and have little or no control over the flow of information. These " peripheral " individuals can communicate with only one or two other persons and must depend entirely on others to relay their messages if they wish to extend their range.

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