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Page "government" ¶ 726
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machine and operating
His promotion of it was so extensive that he is often credited with its invention, even though a machine operating in the same principle was described in 1762 by Swedish professor Johan Wilcke.
Based on the Motorola 68000 family of microprocessors, the machine sports a custom chipset with graphics and sound capabilities that were unprecedented for the price, and a pre-emptive multitasking operating system called AmigaOS.
The term BIOS ( Basic Input / Output System ) was invented by Gary Kildall and first appeared in the CP / M operating system in 1975, describing the machine-specific part of CP / M loaded during boot time that interfaces directly with the hardware ( a CP / M machine usually has only a simple boot loader in its ROM ).
Its design provides constructs that map efficiently to typical machine instructions, and therefore it found lasting use in applications that had formerly been coded in assembly language, most notably system software like the Unix computer operating system.
When the code is executed, the platform-specific VES will compile the CIL to the machine language according to the specific hardware and operating system.
The PDP-7 is most famous as the original machine for the Unix operating system.
Although neither machine has a built-in disk operating system ( cassette tapes being the default data-storage mechanism in the home computer market at the time ), DragonDOS was supplied as part of the disk controller interface from Dragon Data Ltd.
Instead of enabling the guest operating system to dialog with hardware, virtual device drivers take the opposite role and emulate a piece of hardware, so that the guest operating system and its drivers running inside a virtual machine can have the illusion of accessing real hardware.
The machine was used by other members of the University to solve real problems, and many early techniques were developed that are now included in operating systems.
The PDP-10 machine AI at MIT, which was running the ITS operating system and which was connected to the Arpanet, provided an early hacker meeting point.
For example CP / M machines used many different floppy disk formats, which meant that one machine could not normally read disks from another CP / M machine, and Kermit was used as part of a process to enable the transfer of applications and data between CP / M machines and other machines with different operating systems.
In a law enforcement context, machine pistols are used by tactical police units such as SWAT teams or hostage rescue teams which are operating inside buildings and other cramped spaces, who need a small, concealable weapon with a high rate of fire.
Any real mode operating system ( such as Xenix ) could also be made to run using OS / 2's virtual machine capabilities, subject to certain direct hardware access limitations.
OS / 2 has historically been more difficult to run in a virtual machine than most other legacy x86 operating systems because of its extensive reliance on the full set of features of the x86 CPU.
The Oberon language ( and later, Oberon-2 ) has now been ported to many other operating systems, including the Java platform, where Oberon source code compiles to source code in Java, or to bytecode for a Java virtual machine.
; PDP-1: The original PDP, an 18-bit machine used in early time-sharing operating system work, and prominent in early hacker culture.
In the early 1980s, at least two operating systems achieved machine independence through
# The client's local operating system sends the message from the client machine to the server machine.
# The local operating system on the server machine passes the incoming packets to the server stub.
While many other operating systems generally make use of a package that contains pre-compiled ( executable ) programs, Sorcerer compiles source code on the machine prior to installation.
Sinclair had commissioned GST Computer Systems to produce an operating system for the machine, but switched to QDOS, developed in-house, before launch.

machine and at
Even at this short distance they were only vague shapes, setting up the machine gun on a small knoll so that it could fire above the heads of the rest of the patrol.
The original machine, bearing its famous serial number, is still on exhibition at the Brown & Sharpe Precision Center in Providence.
That achievement was his creation of the universal grinding machine, which made its appearance in 1876 at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition.
Major activity at Providence in 1961 will involve the scheduled completion of tooling for production of the Uniconer automatic coning machine.
This new machine takes up filament yarn from spinneret or extruder and winds large packages at speeds up to 6,000 feet per minute.
Now, the machine has been improved to a point where it is generally more economical than oil heat at temperatures down to 15 degrees.
The suds box drain is arranged at the start to deliver into the raised main drain pipe ( thus returning suds to soap box ) and the machine is started.
For example Test 3, E 1 refers to a specimen which has been washed by procedure `` 3 ( '' ( at 160-degrees-F ) for a total of 60 minutes in the machine, has been dried in a tumble dryer by procedure `` E '' and has been subjected to restorative forces on the Tension Presser by procedure `` 1 ''.
The machine is equipped with a pipe for injecting live steam that is capable of raising the temperature of water at an eight-inch level from 110-degrees to 140-degrees-F ( 38*0 to 60*0C. ) in less than two minutes.
Refill the machine to a level of Af inches with water at 100 - 109-degrees-F ( ( 38 - 43*0 C. ) and start the machine.
Again stop the machine at the end of the time shown in Column C of Table 2.
Refill the machine to a level of Af inches with water at 100 - 109-degrees-F ( 38 - 43*0C. ).
The first rattle of the machine guns, at 7:10 in the evening, roused around me the varied voices and faces of fear.
The safe at Ingleside District Station stands next to the gum machine in a narrow passageway that leads to Captain Harris's office ( to the left ), the lieutenant's office ( farther along and to the left ) and the janitor's supply closet ( straight ahead ).
There is a wide variety of representations possible and one can express a given Turing machine program as a sequence of machine tables ( see more at finite state machine, state transition table and control table ), as flowcharts ( see more at state diagram ), or as a form of rudimentary machine code or assembly code called " sets of quadruples " ( see more at Turing machine ).

machine and speeds
* Constant surface speed, a mode of machine tool operation in which angular velocity ( rpm ) is varied in order to achieve a constant tangential velocity at the tool-material interface — one of the many aspects of speeds and feeds
By World War II, most fighters were all-metal monoplanes armed with batteries of machine guns or cannons and some were capable of speeds approaching 400 mph.
* 1791 – Long-distance communication speeds up with the unveiling of a semaphore machine in Paris.
The curved shape is caused by the different speeds on either side of the pasta tube as it comes out of the machine.
* March 2 – Long-distance communication speeds up with the unveiling of a semaphore machine in Paris.
In 1738, Lewis Paul and John Wyatt, of Birmingham, England, patented the roller spinning machine, and the flyer-and-bobbin system for drawing cotton to a more even thickness using two sets of rollers that traveled at different speeds.
However, NOR flash memory may emulate ROM primarily at the machine code level ; many digital designs need ROM ( or PLA ) structures for other uses, often at significantly higher speeds than ( economical ) flash memory may achieve.
Parrot developers see Parrot's inclusion of registers as an advantage, as it therefore more closely resembles a hardware design, allowing the vast literature on compiler optimization to be used in generating bytecode for the Parrot virtual machine that could run at speeds closer to machine code.
It boasted speeds one thousand times faster than electro-mechanical machines, a leap in computing power that no single machine has since matched.
information-rich disk images at lightning speeds, which is a significant improvement over the days when programmers spent hours configuring each machine within an organization.
By turning the left and right wheel pairs at different speeds, the machine turns by skidding, or dragging its fixed-orientation wheels across the ground.
* Subsonic aircraft, a flying machine that flies at air speeds lower than the speed of sound
The use of a variable rack ( still using a normal pinion ) was invented by Arthur Ernest Bishop, so as to improve vehicle response and steering " feel " especially at high speeds, and that has been fitted to many new vehicles, after he created a specialised version of a net-shape warm press forging process to manufacture the racks to their final form, thus eliminating any subsequent need to machine the gear teeth.
The machine used a succession of uneven rollers rotating at increasingly higher speeds to draw out the roving, before applying the twist via a bobbin-and-flyer mechanism.
However, the machine was versatile, capable of variable speeds with an adjustable breech size, and firing curve balls by the use of two rubber-coated steel fingers at the muzzle of the pitcher.
The Continuously Variable Transmission ( CVT ) is a transmission in which the ratio of the rotational speeds of two shafts, as the input shaft and output shaft of a vehicle or other machine, can be varied continuously within a given range, providing an infinite number of possible ratios.
In the words of Dr. Rudolph, it is, " a perfect killing machine, a 129 foot long all-terrain vehicle capable of speeds exceeding fifty miles an hour, with skin that can deflect an anti-tank round, enhanced night vision, and a voracious appetite for human flesh ".
To provide much greater speeds, the Photon Corporation produced the ZIP 200 machine for the MEDLARS project of the National Library of Medicine and Mergenthaler produced the Linotron.
City Trial is a larger mode where players must navigate a city, along with several more sections such as a forest, cave, and volcano, while grabbing Air Ride machine upgrade items, such as boosts, top speeds, charges, offense, defense, and more.
Electrification allowed individual machine tools to be powered by electric motors, eliminating line shaft drives from steam engines or water power and allowing higher speeds, making modern large scale manufacturing possible.
Most HIT advocates stress the use of controlled lifting speeds and strict form, with special attention paid to avoiding any bouncing, jerking, or yanking of the weight or machine movement arm during exercise.
" airing November 1, 2011, Gatlin ran a wind-aided 100 meter time of 9. 45 seconds, the " aid " coming from a large wind machine blowing at speeds over 25 meters per second.

1.087 seconds.