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This trade, unlawful in China since it was outlawed by the Qing dynasty in 1729, helped reverse the trade imbalances resulting from the British imports of tea, which saw large outflows of silver from Britain to China.
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trade and unlawful
Companies often try to discover one another's trade secrets through lawful methods of reverse engineering or employee poaching on one hand, and potentially unlawful methods including industrial espionage on the other.
"... base tenements and houses of unlawful and disorderly resort ' and the ' great number of dissolute, loose, and insolent people harboured in such and the like noisome and disorderly houses, as namely poor cottages, and habitations of beggars and people without trade, stables, inns, alehouses, taverns, garden-houses converted to dwellings, ordinaries, dicing houses, bowling alleys, and brothel houses.
As of 1943 in accordance with the George Cross ( Restriction of Use ) Ordinance, in Malta it is unlawful to use the George Cross or an imitation of it or the words George Cross, for the purposes of trade or business without the authorisation of the Prime Minister.
Eight players sued the NFL in U. S. federal court, stating that Plan B was an unlawful restraint of trade.
This fraud caused a great financial burden upon the fisherman and oystermen, who were driven to " unlawful and riotous assembly ", in protest against unwarranted charges made upon them in the course of their trade.
Owner Dietrich Loewe brought suit against the union for unlawful combinations to restrain trade in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act.
Others saw it as an unlawful restraint of trade imposed against the two affected airports, and no others.
When combined with concerns about counterfeiting and the use of cash in unlawful activities such as the illegal drug trade, it is unlikely that the U. S. government will re-issue large denomination currency in the near future, despite the amount of inflation that has occurred since 1969.
Even if the trade mark is not that well known, the fact that a significant goodwill is attached to it might be enough for the court to find the use by another person unlawful.
Previously Canada had mostly imported books from the United States, but it was now unlawful for Canadian merchants to engage in this trade.
Eurojust's competences are not directly defined in the Eurojust Decision, which refers instead to the types of crime and offences in which Europol is competent to act: organised crime, terrorism and other forms of serious crime ( unlawful drug trafficking, illegal moneylaundering activities, crime connected with nuclear and radioactive substances, illegal immigrant smuggling, trafficking in human beings, motor vehicle crime, murder, grievous bodily injury, illicit trade in human organs and tissue, kidnapping, illegal restraint and hostage taking, racism and xenophobia, organised robbery, illicit trafficking in cultural goods, including antiquities and works of art, swindling and fraud, racketeering and extortion, counterfeiting and product piracy, forgery of administrative documents and trafficking therein, forgery of money and means of payment, computer crime, corruption, illicit trafficking in arms, ammunition and explosives, illicit trafficking in endangered animal species, illicit trafficking in endangered plant species and varieties, environmental crime, illicit trafficking in hormonal substances and other growth promoters ) affecting two or more Member States.
He was a merchant by trade, and shortly after his 1607 marriage, at the Quarter Sessions court, he was sued by another merchant, George Hilles, for unlawful trading.
On September 25, 1987, Getzendanner issued her opinion that the AMA had violated Section 1, but not 2, of the Sherman Act, and that it had engaged in an unlawful conspiracy in restraint of trade " to contain and eliminate the chiropractic profession.
The principal torts can be listed as passing off, injurious falsehood and trade libel ( see also Food libel laws ), conspiracy, inducement of breach of contract, tortious interference ( such as interference with economic relations or unlawful interference with trade ), and watching and besetting.
trade and China
The similarity of the Roman abacus to the Chinese one suggests that one could have inspired the other, as there is some evidence of a trade relationship between the Roman Empire and China.
As of early 2011, trade with China is dominated by imports of Chinese goods and accounts for about 10 percent of Armenia's foreign trade.
And even this 1. 5 % will be reduced to 1 %, if we take out India and China, which have not pursued liberal trade and industrial policies recommended by the developed countries.
On October 10, 2000, Clinton signed into law the U. S .– China Relations Act of 2000, which granted permanent normal trade relations ( PNTR ) trade status to People's Republic of China.
Continuing the coalition's free-trade strategy, in August 2006 President Bachelet promulgated a free trade agreement with the People's Republic of China ( signed under the previous administration of Ricardo Lagos ), the first Chinese free-trade agreement with a Latin American nation ; similar deals with Japan and India were promulgated in August 2007.
Chile's total trade with China reached U. S. $ 8. 8 billion in 2006, representing nearly 66 % of the value of its trade relationship with Asia.
Chile conducted trade negotiations in 2007 with Australia, Malaysia, and Thailand, as well as with China to expand an existing agreement beyond just trade in goods.
To that end, it has signed trade agreements in recent years with New Zealand, Singapore, Brunei, India, China, and most recently Japan.
In 2008, Chile hopes to conclude an FTA with Australia, and finalize an expanded agreement ( covering trade in services and investment ) with China.
Costume jewelry manufacturers are located throughout the world, with a particular concentration in parts of China and India, where entire city-wide and region-wide economies are dominated by the trade of these goods.
There was extensive trade with distant foreign countries, and many foreign merchants settled in China, boosting a vibrant cosmopolitan culture.
Newspapers have reported that the Ministry of Mercantile Marine is ready to support the agreement between Greece, South Korea, Dubai Ports World and China for the construction of a large international container port and free trade zone in southern Crete near Tympaki ; the plan is to expropriate 850 ha of land.
Meanwhile Baltimore Clippers still continued to be built, and were built specifically for the China opium trade running opium between India and China, a trade that only became unprofitable for American shipowners in 1849.
trade and since
The drug's chemical name is listed, since most states require feed processors to use this name instead of the trade name on the feed tag.
It mostly uses seaports in eastern Argentina and Uruguay for international trade because its diplomatic relations with Chile have been suspended since 1978.
A period of large trade deficits and improper real estate investment hit Bulgaria hard during the late-2000s recession, resulting in a 5. 5 % GDP decline in that period, a rise in unemployment, and spending at least five quarters in its worst recession since the early 1980s.
According to ancient Chinese, Indian and Javanese manuscripts, western coastal cities of Borneo had become trading ports, part of their trade routes, since the first millennium.
However, in more recent years, since the end of the Bretton Woods system in 1971, with the increasing influence of Monetarist schools of thought in the 1980s, and particularly in the face of large sustained trade imbalances, these concerns — and particularly concerns about the destabilising effects of large trade surpluses — have largely disappeared from mainstream economics discourse and Keynes ' insights have slipped from view.
He stated his belief that these trade deficits were not necessarily harmful to the economy at the time since the currency comes back to the country ( country A sells to country B, country B sells to country C who buys from country A, but the trade deficit only includes A and B ).
Its trade deficit has been increasing at a large rate since 1997 ( See chart ) and increased by 49. 8 billion dollars between 2005 and 2006, setting a record high of 817. 3 billion dollars, up from 767. 5 billion dollars the previous year.
Nevertheless, trade between the two countries has continued to expand in both absolute and relative terms for the last two hundred years, but especially following the 1988 FTA and the subsequent signing of the North American Free Trade Agreement ( NAFTA ) in 1994 which has since further merged the two economies.
Internal Government of Chile figures show that even when factoring out inflation and the recent high price of copper, bilateral trade between the U. S. and Chile has grown over 60 % since then.
It was also addictive, since the speculative profits of trade and capital creation were quite large.
The situation in Cuba is so exceptional as to require the Cuban peso to be dealt with simply as an exception, since the United States forbids direct trade with Cuba.
Only one species protected by CITES, the Spix's Macaw, has possibly become extinct in the wild as a result of trade since the Convention entered into force ( but see case studies in Hutton and Dickinson and Stiles for further discussion of the role CITES has played in the fate of particular species ).
Tensions between the superpowers increased during this time, when Carter placed trade embargoes on the Soviet Union and stated that the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan was " the most serious threat to the peace since the Second World War.
The large-scale building of wooden sailing ships by European ( coastal ) naval owners since the 15th century for exploration, colonisation, slave trade – and other trade on the high seas consumed many forest resources.
The Ilois, now called Chagos Islanders or Chagossians since the late 1990s, were descended primarily from slaves brought to the island from Madagascar by the French between 1793 and 1810, and Malay slaves from the slave market on Pulo Nyas, an island off the northwest coast of Sumatra, from around 1820 until the slave trade ended following the Slavery Abolition Act of 1833.
Eventually, Afghanistan went from a traditional economy to a centrally planned economy up until 2002 when it was replaced by a free market economy Gross domestic product has fallen substantially since the 1980s due to disruption of trade and transport as well as loss of labor and capital.
It is also a justification for free trade policies, since some economies of scale may require a larger market than is possible within a particular country — for example, it would not be efficient for Liechtenstein to have its own car maker, if they would only sell to their local market.
However, new trade policies have made agricultural production much more responsive to market demands, putting global food reserves at their lowest since 1983.
Following the closure of the Maarmorilik lead and zinc mine in 1990 and the collapse of the cod fisheries amid colder ocean currents, Greenland faced foreign trade deficits and a shrinking economy, but it has been growing since 1993.
Haiti suffers from higher inflation than similar low-income countries, a lack of investment ( increasing however since the recent presidential seating ), and a severe trade deficit.
Leading members of the military and police have cooperated with the illegal drug trade in Haiti since the 1980s.