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Wertham and author
Fredric Wertham ( March 20, 1895 – November 18, 1981 ) was a German-born American psychiatrist and crusading author who protested the purportedly harmful effects of violent imagery in mass media and comic books on the development of children.

Wertham and study
Homosexual interpretations have been part of the academic study of Batman since psychologist Fredric Wertham asserted in his Seduction of the Innocent in 1954 that " Batman stories are psychologically homosexual.

Wertham and Seduction
Seduction of the Innocent described overt or covert depictions of violence, sex, drug use, and other adult fare within " crime comics "— a term Wertham used to describe not only the popular gangster / murder-oriented titles of the time but also superhero and horror comics as well — and asserted, based largely on undocumented anecdotes, that reading this material encouraged similar behavior in children.
Given the subsequent emergence of organized fandom for comic books among adults who grew up reading them during Comics ' Golden Age, it is ironic Wertham at one point in Seduction ( pp. 89 – 90 ) asserts " I have known many adults who have treasured throughout their lives some of the books they read as children.
Beaty reveals in 1959 Wertham tried to sell a follow-up to Seduction on the effects of television on Children, to be titled The War on Children.
The shorts were intended to satirize suggestions that early Batman comics implied a homosexual relationship between the eponymous title character and his sidekick Robin, a charge most infamously leveled by Fredric Wertham in his 1954 book, Seduction of the Innocent.
Psychologist Fredric Wertham, who in Seduction of the Innocent asserted that " Batman stories are psychologically homosexual ", claimed to find a " subtle atmosphere of homoeroticism which pervades the adventures of the mature ' Batman ' and his young friend ' Robin '".
Seduction of the Innocent is a book by German-American psychiatrist Fredric Wertham, published in 1954, that warned that comic books were a negative form of popular literature and a serious cause of juvenile delinquency.
Seduction of the Innocent cited overt or covert depictions of violence, sex, drug use, and other adult fare within " crime comics "a term Wertham used to describe not only the popular gangster / murder-oriented titles of the time, but superhero and horror comics as well.
Bart Beaty in his book Fredric Wertham and the Critique of Mass Culture describes a concerted campaign by Dell against publication of Wertham's Seduction of the Innocent to the extent of recruiting several of the companies that it licensed characters from ( including Warner Brother Cartoons, the Lone Ranger Inc. and Edgar Rice Burroughs Inc .) to send letters of protest to Wertham's publisher Stanley Rinehart.
In 1954, Fredric Wertham published Seduction of the Innocent, a book in which he asserted that comics were inciting children to violence.
Baker's cover for Phantom Lady # 17 ( Apr, 1949 ) was reproduced in Seduction of the Innocent, the 1954 book by Dr. Fredric Wertham denouncing what he saw as the morally corrupting effect of comics on children.
First US printing of Seduction of the Innocent ( 1954 ), by Dr. Fredric Wertham.
First UK printing of Seduction of the Innocent by Dr. Fredric Wertham.
" It was also one of many examples used by Fredric Wertham in his book Seduction of the Innocent.
This is a reference to Seduction of the Innocent, an actual book written by Fredric Wertham which had great influence during the early 1950s and accused comic books of corrupting minors.

Wertham and about
Still infamous to most comics fans of the time, Wertham encountered suspicion and heckling at the convention, and stopped writing about comics thereafter.
The book also included a chapter that attacked contemporary comic books as harmful to children ; because his critique drew about his view that it was a consequence of the aforementioned cultural permissive views toward violence he wasn't a leading voice during the subsequent debate about the impact of comics that instead was dominated by Fredric Wertham.
With the 1950s backlash against comics, led by the psychiatrist Fredric Wertham, and propagated during the televised debates about comics leading to juvenile delinquency, as part of the Kefauver hearings, several publishing houses folded.

Wertham and be
According to Wertham, news vendors were told by the distributors that if they did not sell the objectionable comic books, they would not be allowed to sell any of the other publications being distributed.

Wertham and eye
Comics, especially the crime / horror titles pioneered by EC Comics, were not lacking in gruesome images ; Wertham reproduced these extensively, pointing out what he saw as recurring morbid themes such as " injury to the eye " ( as depicted in Plastic Man creator Jack Cole's " Murder, Morphine and Me ", which he illustrated and probably wrote for publisher Magazine Village's True Crime Comics Vol.
Comics, especially the crime / horror titles pioneered by EC, were not lacking in gruesome images ; Wertham reproduced these extensively, pointing out what he saw as recurring morbid themes such as " injury to the eye ".

Wertham and with
Psychologist Fredric Wertham decided that the phenomenon was a landmine of hidden and repressed Freudian issues, and that a sidekick's involvement in violent acts with his hero masked a sexual subtext.
To promote this book Wertham made two memorable appearances on the Mike Douglas Show where he ended up debating his theories with the co-hosts, Barbara Feldon ( April 10, 1967 ) and Vincent Price ( June 19, 1967 ).
Wertham sympathized with retailers who did not want to sell horror comics, yet were compelled to by their distributors ' table d ' hôte product line policies.
The cover, which illustrated Phantom Lady attempting to escape from ropes, was presented by Wertham with a caption that read, " Sexual stimulation by combining ' headlights ' with the sadist's dream of tying up a woman.

Wertham and example
For example, Wertham expressed a concern for the impact of impossibly proportioned female characters on girl readers or on the advertisements of violent and harmful toys.

Wertham and .
" Wertham wrote, " Only someone ignorant of the fundamentals of psychiatry and of the psychopathology of sex can fail to realize a subtle atmosphere of homoeroticism which pervades the adventures of the mature ' Batman ' and his young friend ' Robin.
Comics historian Les Daniels commented, " In retrospect the imperative seems less than inevitable, perhaps no more than trendy gender bending or possibly just a response to the homophobia inspired by Fredric Wertham more than thirty years earlier.
Wertham was born on March 20, 1895 in Munich.
( Wertham's claim that Wonder Woman had a bondage subtext was somewhat better documented, as her creator William Moulton Marston had admitted as much ; however, Wertham also claimed that Wonder Woman's strength and independence made her a lesbian.
Wertham objected to not only the violence in the stories but also the fact that air rifles and knives were advertised alongside them.
In extensive testimony before the committee, Wertham restated arguments from his book and pointed to comics as a major cause of juvenile crime.
Beaty notes " Wertham repeated his call ... national legislation based on the public health ideal that would prohibit the circulation and display of comic books to children under the age of fifteen.
" The committee's questioning of their next witness, EC publisher William Gaines, focused on violent scenes of the type Wertham had decried.
Wertham described the Comics Code as inadequate, while most in the industry found it draconian.
This led to an invitation for Wertham to address the New York Comic Art Convention.
" The Strange Case of Dr. Wertham " Amazing Heroes # 123 ( August 15, 1987 ); " The Return of Dr. Wertham " Amazing Heroes # 124 ( Sept. 1, 1987 ); " From Dr. Wertham With Love " Amazing Heroes # 125 ( Sept. 15, 1987 ) part series, see below for link to condensed version posted online under title " Fredric Wertham-Anti-Comics Crusader Who Turned Advocate ".

author and influential
Wallace was a prolific author who wrote on both scientific and social issues ; his account of his adventures and observations during his explorations in Indonesia and Malaysia, The Malay Archipelago, was one of the most popular and influential journals of scientific exploration published during the 19th century.
There are indications Joachim Meyer, author of the influential 16th century martial arts text Kunst des Fechten (" The Art of Fencing ") came from Basel.
Other early influential members included Christopher Hutt, author of Death of the English Pub, who succeeded Hardman as chairman, Frank Baillie, author of The Beer Drinker's Companion, and later the current Good Beer Guide editor, Roger Protz.
1678, Harvard College ; A. M. 1681, honorary doctorate 1710, University of Glasgow ) was a socially and politically influential New England Puritan minister, prolific author and pamphleteer ; he is often remembered for his role in the Salem witch trials.
The influential author Anthony Ashley-Cooper, Third Earl of Shaftesbury is also usually categorized as a deist.
* Either / Or, an influential philosophical text by Søren Kierkegaard, purports to be a collection of texts discovered and edited by Kierkegaard's pseudonymous author Victor Eremita.
Major architects to promote the change in direction from baroque were Colen Campbell, author of the influential book Vitruvius Britannicus ; Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington and his protégé William Kent ; Isaac Ware ; Henry Flitcroft and the Venetian Giacomo Leoni, who spent most of his career in England.
The author of a series of essays on influential bands, Jarmusch has also had at least two poems published.
After the 1977 death of Dr. Ali Shariati ( an Islamic reformist and political revolutionary author / academic / philosopher who greatly popularized the Islamic revival among young educated Iranians ), Khomeini became the most influential leader of the opposition to the Shah.
Andreas Vesalius ( 1514 – 1564 ) was an author of one of the most influential books on human anatomy, De humani corporis fabrica, also in 1543.
Andreas Vesalius ( 31 December 1514 – 15 October 1564 ) was a Flemish anatomist, physician, and author of one of the most influential books on human anatomy, De humani corporis fabrica ( On the Structure of the Human Body ).
* March 14 – Albert Einstein – Theoretical physicist, philosopher and author who is widely regarded as one of the most influential scientists and intellectuals of all time was born.
Theodoret of Cyrus or Cyrrhus (; c. 393 – c. 457 ) was an influential author, theologian, and Christian bishop of Cyrrhus, Syria ( 423-457 ).
Its chief significance is perhaps that its author, Eric S. Raymond, used it as a model to discuss his theories of open source software development in a widely read and influential essay on software development methodologies, The Cathedral and the Bazaar.
The main author of the book, Abbie Hoffman was one of the most influential and recognizable American activists of the twentieth century.
Sun Wu (), style name Changqing ( 長卿 ), better known as Sun Tzu or Sunzi (; pronounced ), was an ancient Chinese military general, strategist and philosopher who is traditionally believed to be the author of The Art of War, an influential ancient Chinese book on military strategy.
The dramatist Henrik Wergeland was the most influential author of the period while the later works of Henrik Ibsen were to earn Norway a place in Western European literature.
Along with Steve Jackson he is the co-founder of the popular and influential series of Fighting Fantasy roleplaying gamebook series and author of many books within that series.
Whatever the case, the mention of Snorri in the manuscripts has been influential in the acceptance of Snorri as the author of the Prose Edda.
Another part of the intellectual underpinning of the Bush Doctrine was the 2004 book The Case for Democracy, written by Israeli politician and author Natan Sharansky and Israeli Minister of Economic Affairs in the United States Ron Dermer, which Bush has cited as influential in his thinking.
Vardis Fisher, a famous and influential atheist author, is from the rural Annis area near Rigby.
* Edmund Sears, 1800s Unitarian parish minister, author who wrote a number of theological works influential to his contemporary liberal Protestants, famous for penning the words to " It Came Upon the Midnight Clear ".
Many influential politicians are associated with Univ including the social reformer and author of the Beveridge Report William Beveridge ( who was a master of University College ) and two UK Prime Ministers: Clement Attlee and Harold Wilson ( a Univ fellow ).

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