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While the idea of laws and markets as emergent phenomena comes fairly naturally to an economist, and was indeed present in the works of early economists such as Bernard Mandeville, David Hume, and Adam Smith, Hayek traces the development of ideas based on spontaneous-order throughout the history of Western thought, occasionally going as far back as the presocratics.
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While and idea
While Mr. Blatz was putting up the pegboards and starting the workbench, Mr. Crombie told him of this idea about paneling the whole end of the cellar.
While he supported the idea of federal appropriations for science, he took exception to a federal bill that would have funded engineering research at land-grant colleges, and instead sought to raise a $ 1 million national research fund entirely from private sources.
While he supported the idea of government by an all-powerful sage, ruling as an Emperor, his ideas contained a number of elements to limit the power of rulers.
While the ride was originally founded with the idea of drawing attention to how unfriendly the city was to bicyclists, the leaderless structure of Critical Mass makes it impossible to assign it any one specific goal.
If the air mass is colder than the ground below it, it is labeled k. If the air mass is warmer than the ground below it, it is labeled w. While air mass identification was originally used in weather forecasting during the 1950s, climatologists began to establish synoptic climatologies based on this idea in 1973.
While the idea of shared electron pairs provides an effective qualitative picture of covalent bonding, quantum mechanics is needed to understand the nature of these bonds and predict the structures and properties of simple molecules.
While Safran's definitions were influenced by the idea of the Jewish diaspora, he recognised the expanding use of the term.
While some experts point to statistics in support of the idea that a lack of adoption of research findings results in suboptimal treatment for many patients, others emphasize the importance of the skill of the practitioner and the customization of the treatment to fit individual needs.
While critical of FGM, they object to what Tamale calls the imperialist infantilization of African women inherent in the idea that FGM is simply a barbaric rejection of enlightenment and modernity.
While there were a number of precursors to Gaia theory, the first scientific form of this idea was proposed as the Gaia hypothesis by James Lovelock, a UK chemist, in 1970.
While controversial at first, various forms of this idea have become accepted to some degree by many within the scientific community.
While controversial at first, various forms of this idea became accepted to some degree by many scientists.
While there was no separate Polish state at all, the idea of Polish independence was kept alive throughout the 19th century and led to more Polish uprisings and other warfare against the partitioning powers.
While it retains traditional references to a personal redeemer and prayers for the restoration of the Davidic line in the liturgy, Conservative Jews are more inclined to accept the idea of a messianic era:
While the idea of markup language originated with text documents, there is an increasing usage of markup languages in other areas which involve the presentation of various types of information, including playlists, vector graphics, web services, content syndication, and user interfaces.
While the court was prepared to accept Mary's fiancé as king, the majority of the nobility was opposed to the idea of a female monarch and regarded her closest agnate, King Charles III of Naples, as the legitimate heir.
* 1960 – While campaigning for President of the United States, John F. Kennedy announces his idea of the Peace Corps.
While recognizing that some students will learn certain material faster than others, the standards movement rejects the idea that only a few can succeed.
While the idea of postmodernity had been around since the 1940s, postmodern philosophy originated primarily in France during the mid-20th century.
While easy to grasp in principle, this is the hardest idea to understand about general relativity, and its consequences are profound and not fully explored, even at the classical level.
While simple forms of role-playing exist in traditional children's games of make believe, role-playing games add a level of sophistication and persistence to this basic idea with additions such as game facilitators and rules of interaction.
While biologists sometimes use the concept of race to make distinctions among fuzzy sets of traits, others in the scientific community suggest that the idea of race is often used in a naive or simplistic way.
While in the 1940s Khomeini accepted the idea of a limited monarchy under the Iranian Constitution of 1906 – 1907 — as evidenced by his book Kashf al-Asrar – by the 1970s he rejected the idea.
While the idea that human beings and dinosaurs coexisted is sometimes portrayed in popular culture in cartoons, films and computer games, such as The Flintstones, One Million Years B. C.
While and laws
While many aspects of national copyright laws have been standardized through international copyright agreements, copyright laws of most countries have some unique features.
While the government doesn't restrict foreign land ownership, it does strongly enforce its immigration laws.
The power of making by-laws was “ tacitly annexed to corporations by the very act of their establishment .” While they must not directly contradict the overarching laws of the land, the central or local government cannot be expected to regulate toward the peculiar circumstances of a given body, and so “ they are invested with authority to make regulations for the management of their own interests and affairs .”
While calling the social structure as a racial caste or caste-like system, these scholars noted that African Americans were segregated, shunned through refused entry into restaurants and hotels, isolated, excluded, and fixed in a hereditary system with the anti-miscegenation laws declaring interracial sex or marriage a criminal offense.
While most states require a for-profit corporation to have at least one director and two officers, Delaware laws do not have this restriction.
While " flame wars " are not illegal, so long as they remain ad hominem, threats and insults said within them may break cyber laws.
While the local Germanic tribes were allowed to preserve their laws, they were pressured into becoming Christians.
While the French settlers debated how new revolutionary laws would apply to Saint-Domingue, outright civil war broke out in 1790 when the free men of color claimed they too were French citizens under the terms of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen.
While teaching ( 1589 – 92 ) at the University of Pisa, he initiated his experiments concerning the laws of bodies in motion, which brought results so contradictory to the accepted teachings of Aristotle that strong antagonism was aroused.
While Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights does not prohibit criminal laws against revisionism such as denial or minimization of genocides or crimes against humanity, as interpreted by the European Court of Human Rights, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe went further and recommended to member governments to combat hate speech under its Recommendation R ( 97 ) 20.
While there is disagreement about which acts come under core prohibitions, all of Orthodox Judaism puts certain core homosexual acts, including male-male anal sex in the category of yehareg ve ' al ya ' avor, " die rather than transgress ", the small category of Biblically-prohibited acts ( also including murder, idolatry, adultery, and incest ) which an Orthodox Jew is obligated under the laws of Self-sacrifice under Jewish Law to die rather than do.
While it is the core text on laws of the religion, it is not the exclusive source of laws in the religion, nor of Bahá ' u ' lláh's own writings, and complimentarily the reader is told explicitly to not view the text as a " mere code of laws ".
While the Torah does not state the rationale for most kashrut laws, many reasons have been suggested, including philosophical, practical and hygienic.
While Jefferson's draft of the 1798 Resolutions had claimed that each state has a right of " nullification " of unconstitutional laws, that language did not appear in the final form of those Resolutions.
While Moses was on Mount Sinai receiving instruction on the laws for the Israelite community, the Israelites went to Aaron and asked him to make gods for them.
While Royal Assent and the royal sign-manual are required to enact laws, letters patent, and Orders in Council, the authority for these acts stems from the New Zealand populace.
While some Jewish organizations, such as Chabad have worked to promote the observance of the Noachide laws, there are no figures for how many actually do.
While Eysenck's R-factor is easily identified as the classical " left-right " dimension, the T-factor ( representing a factor drawn at right angles to the R-factor ) is less intuitive ; high-scorers favored pacifism, racial equality, religious education, and restrictions on abortion, while low-scorers had attitudes more friendly to militarism, harsh punishment, easier divorce laws, and companionate marriage.
* While the seemingly " exotic " behavior of matter posited by quantum mechanics and relativity theory become more apparent when dealing with particles of extremely small size or velocities approaching the speed of light, the laws of classical Newtonian physics remain accurate in predicting the behavior of the vast majority of " large " objects ( on the order of the size of large molecules or bigger ) at velocities much smaller than the velocity of light.
While the Curiate Assembly did have the power to pass laws that had been submitted by the king, the Senate was effectively an honorary council.
While civil law systems have traditionally put great pains in defining the notion of private property, how it may be acquired, transferred, or lost, socialist law systems provide for most property to be owned by the state or by agricultural co-operatives, and having special courts and laws for state enterprises.
While criticized by some as overly bureaucratic, these regulations only extend existing laws for ( paper ) business correspondence to email.