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William and Ockham
** William of Ockham ( Church of England )
At about the same time, the nominalist philosopher William of Ockham argued, in Book I of his Summa Totius Logicae ( Treatise on all Logic, written some time before 1327 ), that Categories are not a form of Being in their own right, but derivative on the existence of individuals.
Philosophers associated with empiricism include Aristotle, Alhazen, Avicenna, Ibn Tufail, Robert Grosseteste, William of Ockham, Francis Bacon, Thomas Hobbes, Robert Boyle, John Locke, George Berkeley, David Hume, Leopold von Ranke, John Stuart Mill, and Karl Popper.
If Wycliffe was in philosophy the superior of his contemporaries and had no equal in scholastic discipline, he belongs with the series of great scholastic philosophers and theologians in which England in the Middle Ages was so rich with Alexander of Hales, Roger Bacon, Duns Scotus, William of Ockham ( Occam ), and Thomas Bradwardine.
* 1328 William of Ockham, Franciscan Minister-General Michael of Cesena and two other Franciscan leaders secretly leave Avignon, fearing a death sentence from Pope John XXII.
* William of Ockham, the Medieval philosopher
It is named after William of Ockham of Occam's Razor fame.
Nominalism has been endorsed or defended by many, including William of Ockham, Peter Abelard, D. C. Williams ( 1953 ), David Lewis ( 1983 ), and arguably H. H. Price ( 1953 ) and W. V. O. Quine ( 1961 ).
William of Ockham argued strongly that universals are a product of abstract human thought.
Both these opinions were denied by Scotus ' pupil William of Ockham.
It can be found in the work of Peter Abelard and reached its flowering in William of Ockham, who was the most influential and thorough nominalist.
He engaged in long theological debates with other noted figures of the age, such as William of Ockham and Meister Eckhart.
Prior thinkers, particularly nominalist William of Ockham in the early 14th century, had begun the intellectual movement toward empiricism.
William of Ockham (; also Occam, Hockham, or several other spellings ; c. 1288 c. 1348 ) was an English Franciscan friar and scholastic philosopher, who is believed to have been born in Ockham, a small village in Surrey.
Although he is commonly known for Occam's razor, the methodological principle that bears his name, William of Ockham also produced significant works on logic, physics, and theology.
William of Ockham joined the Franciscan order at an early age.
William of Ockham was among these scholarly commentators.
William of Ockham believed " only faith gives us access to theological truths.
The standard edition of his philosophical and theological works is William of Ockham: Opera philosophica et theologica, Gedeon Gál, et al., eds.
For his political works, all but the Dialogus have been edited in William of Ockham, H. S. Offler, et al., eds.
* William of Ockham biography at University of St Andrews, Scotland
* Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: William of Ockham
* The Nominalist Ontology of William of Ockham, with an annotated bibliography

William and
* 1849 John William Waterhouse, British painter ( d. 1917 )
* 1864 William Bate Hardy, British biochemist ( d. 1934 )
* 1909 William M. Branham, American evangelist ( d. 1965 )
* 1705 William Cookworthy, English chemist ( d. 1780 )
* 1856 William Martin Conway, English art critic and mountaineer ( d. 1937 )
* 1874 William B. Bankhead, American politician ( d. 1940 )
* 1802 William Wordsworth and his sister, Dorothy see a " long belt " of daffodils, inspiring the former to pen I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud.
* 1776 The Battle of Long Island: in what is now Brooklyn, New York, British forces under General William Howe defeat Americans under General George Washington.
* 1939 William Least Heat-Moon, American author
* 1890 At Auburn Prison in New York, murderer William Kemmler becomes the first person to be executed by electric chair.
* 1766 William Hyde Wollaston, English chemist ( d. 1828 )
* 1891 William Slim, 1st Viscount Slim, English general, 13th Governor-General of Australia ( d. 1970 )
* 1722 Prince Augustus William of Prussia ( d. 1758 )
* 1911 William Alfred Fowler, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate ( d. 1996 )
* 1666 William Wotton, English scholar ( d. 1727 )
* 1790 William Wentworth, Australian explorer and politician ( d. 1872 )
* 1877 William Brennaugh, Canadian lacrosse player ( d. 1934 )
* 1911 William Bernbach, American advertiser, co-founder of DDB Worldwide ( d. 1982 )
* 1872 William Frederick Horry, English convicted murderer ( b. 1843 )
* Sir William Buell Richards ( Chief Justice ) September 30, 1875
* William Alexander Henry September 30, 1875
* Sir William Johnstone Ritchie September 30, 1875
* 1770 William Clark, American soldier, explorer, and politician ( d. 1838 )
* 1809 William B. Travis, American lawyer and soldier ( d. 1836 )
* 1770 Frederick William III of Prussia ( d. 1840 )

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