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Karl Verner identified the principle that these instead become the voiced consonants * b, * d, * g, * gʷ if they were word-internal and immediately preceded by an unaccented vowel in PIE.
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Karl and Verner
Key contributions were made by the Danish scholars Rasmus Rask and Karl Verner and the German scholar Jacob Grimm.
Verner's law, stated by Karl Verner in 1875, describes a historical sound change in the Proto-Germanic language whereby voiceless fricatives * f, * þ, * s, * h, * hʷ, when immediately following an unstressed syllable in the same word, underwent voicing and became respectively the fricatives * b, * d, * z, * g, * gʷ.
Karl Verner was the first scholar to note the factor governing the distribution of the two outcomes.
Karl ( Adolph ) Verner (; 7 March 1846 in Århus – 5 November 1896 in Copenhagen ) was a Danish linguist.
* Daniel Kilham Dodge's review of Verner Dahlerup's Nekrolog over Karl Verner, American Journal of Philology, The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1897.
" Verner von Heidenstam however, one of his opponents in the feud, in his book Karolinerna instead " emphasized the heroic steadfastness of the Swedish people in the somber years of trial during the long-drawn-out campaigns of Karl XII " ( Scott ).
The inflectional type is usually accepted to reach back into Proto-Indo-European times, with an exact correspondence of Sanskrit and Old Norse ylgr, both meaning " she-wolf ", first described by Karl Verner in 1877 ( see Verner's law ).
Pedersen studied at the University of Copenhagen with Karl Verner, Vilhelm Thomsen, and Hermann Möller.
Karl and identified
The substance was discovered and identified in the year 1866, by the German chemist Karl Heinrich Leopold Ritthausen who treated wheat gluten ( for which it was named ) with sulfuric acid.
However, this analysis, often identified with Karl Wittfogel's theories on the Asiatic mode of production, is hotly contested, and few archaeologists or historians today accept it as a sufficient explanation for the first cities.
During his exploration of the site, Karl Richard Lepsius identified a series of blocks and broken colonnades in the name of Thutmose IV to the east of the Temple of Ptah.
Creative destruction, sometimes known as Schumpeter's gale, is a term in economics which has since the 1950s become most readily identified with the Austrian-American economist Joseph Schumpeter, who adapted it from the work of Karl Marx and popularized it as a theory of economic innovation and the business cycle.
According to Paul the Deacon, the Lombard royal line bore the name of the Gungingi, which Karl Hauck and Stefano Gasparri maintain identified them with the name of Odin ’ s lance, Gungnir ( a sign that they probably claimed descent from Odin, as did most of the Germanic royal lines ).
In the Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 ( 1927 ), Karl Marx identified four types of alienation ( Entfremdung ) that occur to the worker labouring under a capitalist system of industrial production.
A fourth relief portrays a person whose identity has not been clearly established, and has been identified as Wilhelm Liebknecht, Karl Liebknecht, or August Bebel.
In Statism and Anarchy, Mikhail Bakunin identified a " statist " tendency within the socialist movement and contrasted it with anarchist socialism, arguing that Karl Marx's theory of transition from capitalism to socialism in which the working class seized state power in a Dictatorship of the proletariat would eventually lead to a usurpation of power by the state apparatus acting in its own self-interest.
Isou identified the amplic phase of political theory and economics as that of Adam Smith and free trade ; its chiselling phase was that of Karl Marx and socialism.
Among those identified in the films were Albert Speer, Heinrich Himmler, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Joseph Goebbels, Karl Wolff and Reinhard Heydrich.
In 1950, Ciardi edited a poetry collection, Mid-Century American Poets, which identified the best poets of the generation that had come into its own in the 1940s: Richard Wilbur, Muriel Rukeyser, John Frederick Nims, Karl Shapiro, Elizabeth Bishop, Theodore Roethke, Delmore Schwartz, Randall Jarrell, Robert Lowell, Ciardi himself, and several others.
BHF was first identified in 1959 by a research group led by Karl Johnson, an ambisense RNA virus of the Arenaviridae family.
The name has often been interpreted as forn-jótr " ancient giant ", and Karl Simrock ( 1869 ) because of this identified Formjotr with the primeval giant Ymir.
A more practical and useful cooperative approach to defining the Celts is the contemporary inclusive and associative definition used by Vincent and Ruth Megaw ( 1996 ) and Raimund Karl ( 2010 ) that a Celt is someone who uses a Celtic language or produces or uses a distinctive Celtic cultural expression ( such as art or music ) or has been referred to as a Celt in historical materials or has identified themselves or been identified by others as a Celt or has a demonstrated descent from the Celts ( such as family history or DNA ancestry ).
Speaking against its authenticity were Neckel, Karl Hermann Jacob Friesen ( who identified it as a satirical hoax by Cornelius Over de Linden ) and Arthur Hübner.
Nevertheless, the concept remains, and has, since the reading of Karl Löwith, been identified as a key component of Nietzsche's philosophy, so much so that Heidegger, under Löwith's influence, considered it to form, with the thought of the eternal recurrence, the basis of his thought.
The Dutch police detectives who had assisted with the raid were identified by Miep Gies and claimed to remember nothing, other than the name of their superior, Karl Silberbauer.
In 1900, Karl Landsteiner identified some of the blood substances responsible for the agglutination of red blood cells, identifying blood groups for the first time and some of their incompatibilities.
Karl Mayer-Eymar ( 1826 – 1907 ) a Swiss geologist and palaeontologist, studied fossils between gypsum-bearing, brackish and freshwater sediment layers and identified them as having been deposited just before the end of the Miocene Epoch.
At Heidelberg they did the first joint work on animal and human blood groups which, in 1900, had been identified as isoagglutinins by Karl Landsteiner.