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* Collaborative editing systems
Some Related Sentences
Collaborative and editing
Collaborative software provides areas that support multi-user editing, such as virtual whiteboards and chat or other forms of communication.
Collaborative real-time editing is now utilized, for example, in film editing and on services such as Google Docs.
Collaborative editing is the practice of groups producing works together through individual contributions.
Collaborative real-time editors generally permit both the above modes of editing in any given instance.
Collaborative and systems
Early e-learning systems, based on Computer-Based Learning / Training often attempted to replicate autocratic teaching styles whereby the role of the e-learning system was assumed to be for transferring knowledge, as opposed to systems developed later based on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning ( CSCL ), which encouraged the shared development of knowledge.
Collaborative filtering systems have many forms, but many common systems can be reduced to two steps:
* Cross-System Collaborative Filtering where user profiles across multiple recommender systems are combined in a privacy preserving manner.
Collaborative programs in engineering including: agricultural, biological systems, biomedical, chemical, civil, computer, earth and environmental, electrical, geological, industrial, manufacturing, materials, mechanical, metallurgical and mining.
Collaborative intelligence relates to whether prediction is defined as active, how heuristics are used, and whether analogs to developmental processes for facilitated variation enable systems to evolve non-randomly toward increased functional effectiveness.
Product and manufacturing information, also abbreviated PMI, conveys non-geometric attributes in 3D computer-aided design ( CAD ) and Collaborative Product Development systems necessary for manufacturing product components or subsystems.
editing and systems
It also found a prominent role in the desktop video, video production, and show control business, leading to affordable video editing systems such as the Video Toaster.
Some modern editing systems can use OCR techniques to read BITC in situations where other forms of timecode are not available.
Around 1994 and 1995, WADs were primarily distributed online over bulletin board systems or sold in collections on compact discs in computer shops, sometimes bundled with editing guide books.
While low-quality at first, consumer digital video increased rapidly in quality, first with the introduction of playback standards such as MPEG-1 and MPEG-2 ( adopted for use in television transmission and DVD media ), and then the introduction of the DV tape format allowing recording direct to digital data and simplifying the editing process, allowing non-linear editing systems ( NLE ) to be deployed cheaply and widely on desktop computers with no external playback / recording equipment needed.
Before the widespread use of non-linear editing systems, the initial editing of all films was done with a positive copy of the film negative called a film workprint ( cutting copy in UK ) by physically cutting and pasting together pieces of film, using a splicer and threading the film on a machine with a viewer such as a Moviola, or " flatbed " machine such as a K .- E .- M. or Steenbeck.
Like Wang systems, MultiMate controlled most editing operations with function keys, assigning four functions to each of the 10 function keys, which IBM initially located at the left side of the keyboard in two vertical rows.
As digital NLE systems have advanced their toolset, their role has expanded and most consumer and professional NLE systems alike now include a host of features for colour manipulation, titling and visual effects, as well as tools for editing and mixing audio in conjunction with the image.
According to television commentator Charlie Brooker, this type of reality television was enabled by the advent of computer-based non-linear editing systems for video ( such as those produced by Avid Technology ) in 1989.
( Different ACL systems have a variety of different conventions regarding who or what is responsible for editing the list and how it is edited.
In video editing and processing systems, multiplexing refers to the process of interleaving audio and video into one coherent MPEG transport stream ( time-division multiplexing ).
A web browser engine is typically embedded in web browsers, e-mail clients, on-line help systems or other applications that require the displaying ( and editing ) of web content.
The growing popularity and availability of non-linear editing systems has allowed film-makers to shoot Super 8 film but edit on video, thereby avoiding much of the scratches and dust that can accrue when editing the actual film.
Super 8 Films may be transferred through telecine to video and then imported into computer-based editing systems.
Non-linear editing enables direct access to any video frame in a digital video clip, without needing to play or scrub / shuttle through adjacent footage to reach it, as was necessary with historical video tape linear editing systems.
However, with the use of non-linear editing systems, the destructive act of cutting of film negatives is eliminated.
The costs of editing systems have dropped such that non-linear editing tools are now within the reach of home users.
Modern web-based editing systems can take video directly from a camera phone over a GPRS or 3G mobile connection, and editing can take place through a web browser interface, so, strictly speaking, a computer for video editing does not require any installed hardware or software beyond a web browser and an internet connection.