Ask AI3: What is self-organizing?
Votes: 2 promotes
Ecosystems are complex adaptive systems where the interaction of life processes form self-organizing patterns across different scales of time and space.
A stronger position is that the Earth's biosphere effectively acts as if it is a self-organizing system which works in such a way as to keep its systems in some kind of equilibrium that is conducive to life.
Niall Shanks and Karl H. Joplin, both of East Tennessee State University, have shown that systems satisfying Behe's characterization of irreducible biochemical complexity can arise naturally and spontaneously as the result of self-organizing chemical processes.
Edelman called it " reentry " and proposes a model of reentrant signaling whereby a disjunctive, multimodal sampling of the same stimulus event correlated in time leads to self-organizing intelligence.
Cudworth criticizes two main forms of materialistic atheism, the atomic, adopted by Democritus, Epicurus and Hobbes ; and the hylozoic, attributed to Strato of Lampsacus, which explains everything by the supposition of an inward self-organizing life in matter.
More recently, the loosely coupled, self-organizing network of businesses that cooperate to provide product and service offerings has been called the Extended Enterprise.
Convection cells, particularly Bénard cells, are an example of a self-organizing system ( more specifically, a dissipative system ) whose structure is determined both by the constraints of the system and by random perturbations: the possible realizations of the shape and size of the cells depends on the temperature gradient as well as the nature of the fluid and shape of the container, but which configurations are actually realized is due to random perturbations ( thus these systems exhibit a form of symmetry breaking ).
The notion of self-organizing systems is tied up to work in nonequilibrium thermodynamics, including that pioneered by chemist and Nobel laureate Ilya Prigogine in his study of dissipative structures.
Data clustering techniques – such as the self-organizing map ( SOM ), have been applied to vibration monitoring and analysis of transformer on-load tap-changers ( OLTCS ).
Vector quantization is based on the competitive learning paradigm, so it is closely related to the self-organizing map model.
A self-organizing map ( SOM ) or self-organizing feature map ( SOFM ) is a type of artificial neural network ( ANN ) that is trained using unsupervised learning to produce a low-dimensional ( typically two-dimensional ), discretized representation of the input space of the training samples, called a map.
A self-organizing map showing United States Congress | U. S. Congress voting patterns visualized in Peltarion Synapse | Synapse.
At the beginning when the neighborhood is broad, the self-organizing takes place on the global scale.
While representing input data as vectors has been emphasized in this article, it should be noted that any kind of object which can be represented digitally, which has an appropriate distance measure associated with it, and in which the necessary operations for training are possible can be used to construct a self-organizing map.
Honing theory posits that creativity arises due to the self-organizing, self-mending nature of a worldview, and that it is by way of the creative process the individual hones ( and re-hones ) an integrated worldview.
Recently, Lindquist has made advances in nanotechnology, researching organic amyloid fibers capable of self-organizing into structures smaller than manufactured materials.
Quorum sensing can be a useful tool for improving the function of self-organizing networks such as the SECOAS ( Self-Organizing Collegiate Sensor ) environmental monitoring system.
The Community of Global Shapers is a network of self-organizing local hubs based in each major city around the world.
More recently, the loosely coupled, self-organizing network of businesses that cooperates to provide product and service offerings has been called the Extended Enterprise.