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Formally, the Mahalanobis distance of a multivariate vector from a group of values with mean and covariance matrix is defined as:
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Formally and distance
Formally, an ultrametric space is a set of points with an associated distance function ( also called a metric )
Formally, for received words, let denote the Hamming distance between and, that is, the number of positions in which and differ.
Formally and vector
More rigorously, the divergence of a vector field F at a point p is defined as the limit of the net flow of F across the smooth boundary of a three dimensional region V divided by the volume of V as V shrinks to p. Formally,
Formally, an inner product space is a vector space V over the field together with an inner product, i. e., with a map
Formally, in the finite-dimensional case, if the linear map is represented as a multiplication by a matrix A and the translation as the addition of a vector, an affine map acting on a vector can be represented as
Formally, a transductive support vector machine is defined by the following primal optimization problem:
Formally, Minkowski space is a four-dimensional real vector space equipped with a nondegenerate, symmetric bilinear form with signature < tt >(−,+,+,+)</ tt > ( Some may also prefer the alternative signature < tt >(+,−,−,−)</ tt >; in general, mathematicians and general relativists prefer the former while particle physicists tend to use the latter.
Formally, it is a norm defined on the space of bounded linear operators between two given normed vector spaces.
Formally, a coalgebra over a field K is a vector space C over K together with K-linear maps Δ: C → C ⊗ C and ε: C → K such that
Formally, complexification is a functor Vect < sub > R </ sup > → Vect < sub > C </ sup >, from the category of real vector spaces to the category of complex vector spaces.
Formally, a complex projective space is the space of complex lines through the origin of an ( n + 1 )- dimensional complex vector space.
Formally, the normal bundle to N in M is a quotient bundle of the tangent bundle on M: one has the short exact sequence of vector bundles on N:
Formally and from
Limits and colimits in a category C are defined by means of diagrams in C. Formally, a diagram of type J in C is a functor from J to C:
In late 1900s the day that of the City was founded is Jakin School is a Private School is Formally Part of Jakin School Board was Grades One through Twelve there is no Football field on this school. In 1966 When Jakin School was Closed were Sent to Blakely-Union Elementary, Junior High, and High School ( which later Became Early County High, Middle, and Elementary School ). while Carver school was built for African-American students grades One through Twelve. although late 1960s when Carver school was closed along with Kestler School was based in Damascus were sent to Washington High & Elementary at Blakely. In addition to small farm agriculture, Jakin's early economic growth resulted from turpentine.
Formally, bending modulus is defined as the energy required to deform a membrane from its intrinsic curvature to some other curvature.
Formally, the word is applied to persons who are publicly accepted in a recognised capacity, such as professional employment, graduation from a course of study, etc., to give critical commentaries in one or any of a number of specific fields of public or private achievement or endeavour.
Formally, it is a coalition of U. S. and European CEOs, largely from transnational corporations, launched at the urging of former United States Secretary of Commerce Ron Brown in Seville ( Spain ) in late 1995 at a conference attended by CEOs from more than 100 U. S. and EU companies and by top government representatives led by the Commissioners for Trade and Industry and by the U. S. Secretary of Commerce.
Formally reported from November 1944 onwards, witnesses often assumed that the foo fighters were secret weapons employed by the enemy, but they remained unidentified post-war and were reported by both Allied and Axis forces.
Formally, under Henry IV, Arundel served twice as Lord Chancellor, first in 1399 and again from 1407 to 1410.
Formally, this follows from the convolution theorem in mathematics, which relates the Fourier transform of the power spectrum ( the intensity of each frequency ) to its autocorrelation.
It has been leased from the National Trust since 1974 by the Somerset Wildlife Trust ( Formally Somerset Trust for Nature Conservation ) and is run as a nature reserve and visitor centre.
Formally this approximation is founded on the variational principle, valid for Hamiltonians that are bounded from below.
Formally designated as the Manhattan Engineer District, it refers specifically to the period of the project from 1941 – 1946 under the control of the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, under the administration of General Leslie R. Groves.
* Blades ( hip-hop group ) ( Formally Blades Of Hades ), Australian hip hop group from Newcastle, New South Wales
Formally known as the Inverurie Parish Church, a split in Church of Scotland over the appointment of ministers in 1843 ( The Disruption ) led to the creation of the West Parish Church ( known locally as " The West Kirk ") which was founded as a Free Church ( a church free from Edinburgh control ) thus causing the Inverurie Parish Church to change its name.
Formally established in 1475, though in fact much older, it has 75, 000 codices from throughout history.
Formally, knowing the step response of a dynamical system gives information on the stability of such a system, and on its ability to reach one stationary state when starting from another.
Formally known as Mickleham Grand it used to range from Mount Ridley Road to Crestmont Terrace, but now is connected to the urbanised areas of Craigieburn.
Formally, the game ( coalitional game ) consists of a finite set of players, called the grand coalition, and a characteristic function denotes the power set of .</ ref > from the set of all possible coalitions of players to a set of payments that satisfies.
Formally called " the Wigwam ", this immense edifice was located on Girard Avenue between 19th and 20th Streets, across from Philadelphia's Girard College.
Formally and group
Formally, a profinite group is a Hausdorff, compact, and totally disconnected topological group: that is, a topological group that is also a Stone space.
Formally, this means symmetry under a sub-group of the Euclidean group of isometries in two or three dimensional Euclidean space.
Formally, collective noun forms such as “ a group of people ” are represented by second-order variables, or by first-order variables standing for sets ( which are well-defined objects in mathematics and logic ).
Informally, G has the above presentation if it is the " freest group " generated by S subject only to the relations R. Formally, the group G is said to have the above presentation if it is isomorphic to the quotient of a free group on S by the normal subgroup generated by the relations R.
Formally, a ring is an Abelian group ( R, +), together with a second binary operation * such that for all a, b and c in R,
Formally, a frieze group is a class of infinite discrete symmetry groups for patterns on a strip ( infinitely wide rectangle ), hence a class of groups of isometries of the plane, or of a strip.
Formally, the group was called Studiengesellschaft für Geistesurgeschichte ‚ Deutsches Ahnenerbe e. V.
Formally, let G be a Coxeter group with reduced root system R and k < sub > v </ sub > a multiplicity function on R ( so k < sub > u </ sub > = k < sub > v </ sub > whenever the reflections σ < sub > u </ sub > and σ < sub > v </ sub > corresponding to the roots u and v are conjugate in G ).
Formally, define the set of lines in the plane P as L ( P ); then a rigid motion of the plane takes lines to lines – the group of rigid motions acts on the set of lines – and one may ask which lines are unchanged by an action.
Formally Roman Kalyn is now the only member of the group, but de-facto GreenJolly exists in name only.
Formally, a redistribution of all agents ’ initial endowments of goods among all agents in the system is a core allocation if no group of agents can redistribute their own initial endowments among themselves so as to improve the satisfaction of someone in the group without impairing that of any other in the group.
Formally, this meant that the whole peloton finished out of time limits, but the referees understandably used a rule saying that they could give clemency to any group of more than 20 % of the stage's starting riders, officially citing the weather conditions as their reason to do so.
Formally, a signed graph Σ is a pair ( G, σ ) that consists of a graph G = ( V, E ) and a sign mapping or signature σ from E to the sign group