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In a study in 2008, a group of nautiluses ( N. pompilius ) were given food as a bright blue light flashed until they began to associate the light with food, extending their tentacles every time the blue light was flashed.
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study and 2008
To try to answer this question more definitely, a randomized double-blind study was started in September 2008 and was completed in March 2010.
A study in 2008 found that both adults and children could detect images of snakes or spiders among a variety of non-threatening objects more quickly than they could pinpoint frogs, flowers or caterpillars.
This reaction was studied for the first time in 2008 by the team at RIKEN, Japan, in order to study the decay properties of < sup > 266 </ sup > Bh, which is a decay product in their claimed decay chains of ununtrium .< ref > The decay of < sup > 266 </ sup > Bh by the emission of 9. 05-9. 23 MeV alpha particles was further confirmed in 2010.
A 2008 expedition from the University of Washington's School of Oceanography collected sediment cores from the lagoon to study climate change over the last millennium.
Allowing users to test developing products can have its limits in effectiveness, as the culture of the industry and desired outcomes can affect the effect on CRM creation, as a 2008 case study suggests that the responsiveness of test users can vary dramatically depending on the industry and field of the user.
" A 2008 study found that recreational drug use ( including marijuana, cocaine, poppers and amphetamines ) had no effect on CD4 or CD8 T-cell counts, providing further evidence against a role of recreational drugs as a cause of AIDS.
A 2008 study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine showed that dieters who kept a daily food diary ( or diet journal ), lost twice as much weight as those who did not keep a food log, suggesting that if you write your food down, you wouldn't eat as many calories.
A WHO study released in January 2008 found that mass distribution of insecticide-treated mosquito nets and artemisinin – based drugs cut malaria deaths in half in Rwanda and Ethiopia, countries with high malaria burdens.
A 2008 University of Pennsylvania study of 6, 000 dog owners who were interviewed indicated that dogs of smaller breeds were more likely to be " genetically predisposed towards aggressive behaviour ".
A study published in 2011 by the U. S. Department of Education found that " From 2000 to 2008, the percentage of undergraduates enrolled in at least one distance education class expanded from 8 percent to 20 percent, and the percentage enrolled in a distance education degree program increased from 2 percent to 4 percent.
In 2008, a study was published using wet divers at the same depth and confirmed that no statistically significant reduction in reported fatigue is seen.
For example, according to a 2008 study by Ipsos, the number of British fantasy sports players aged 16 – 64 is estimated to range between 5. 5 and 7. 5 million.
" The same authors in a more comprehensive 2008 study, again on Danish male conscripts, found that there was a 1. 5 points increase between 1988 and 1998, but a 1. 5 points decrease between 1998 and 2003 / 2004.
In the United Kingdom, a study by Flynn ( 2009 ) found that tests carried out in 1980 and again in 2008 show that the IQ score of an average 14-year-old dropped by more than two points over the period.
Pertinent to a non-partisan study on the 2008 U. S. Presidential election, the Population Reference Bureau, a demographic research organization based in Washington, D. C., cited Generation X birth years as falling between 1965-1982.
A study of granite countertops was done ( initiated and paid for by the Marble Institute of America ) in November 2008 by National Health and Engineering Inc of USA, and found that all of the 39 full size granite slabs that were measured for the study showed radiation levels well below the European Union safety standards ( section 4. 1. 1. 1 of the National Health and Engineering study ) and radon emission levels well below the average outdoor radon concentrations in the US.
* The Rise and Fall of the Cthulhu Mythos by S. T. Joshi ( Mythos Books, 2008 ) is the first full-length critical study since Lin Carter's to examine the development of Lovecraft's Mythos and its outworking in the oeuvres of various modern writers.
A PricewaterhouseCoopers study released in 2009, which surveyed the 2008 GDP of the top cities in the world, calculated Karachi ’ s GDP ( PPP ) to be $ 78 billion ( projected to be $ 193 billion in 2025 at a growth rate of 5. 5 %).
One study published in 2008 questions the long-accepted Mustelinae subfamily, and suggests Mustelidae consists of four major clades and three much smaller lineages.
By contrast, a previous study in 2008 had found only 38 percent of lemur species were at risk of extinction.
A 2008 study by Baylor University researchers found that clergy in the US often deny or dismiss the existence of a mental illness.
Labour and Social Welfare Minister Immanuel Ngatjizeko praised the 2008 study as " by far superior in scope and quality to any that has been available previously ", but its methodology has also received criticism.
study and group
In the following year her father undertook to give a course in Hebrew theology to Johns Hopkins students, and this brought to the Szold house a group of bright young Jews who had come to Baltimore to study, and who enjoyed being fed and mothered by Mamma and entertained by Henrietta and Rachel, who played and sang for them in the upstairs sitting room on Sunday evenings.
A visit to the site by a group of several persons can usually bring out new ideas or verify opinions most helpful to the planning study of any recreation area.
A variety of techniques have been directed toward the isolation and study of blood group antibodies.
Speer and coworkers, in a similar study of blood group antibodies of whole sera, used a series of gradients for elution from Aj.
In the study of marriage patterns for this group, consanguinity produces the structural system -- a system of affinities -- which, in turn, maintains the system of consanguinity.
For example, the steering committee might announce that the group felt a topic under study should not be dropped for an additional week as there was still too much of it untouched.
Although the Taylor Scale was designed as a group testing device, in this study it was individually administered by psychologically trained workers who established rapport and assisted the children in reading the items.
Another public interest group is the commission of laymen or educators which is appointed to study an educational problem and to make recommendations.
This push to confine the study of mass behaviour to the measurements of parameters involved in differential equations has led sociology perilously close to the reduction of the word `` mass '' to mean a small group in which certain relations between all pairs of individuals in such a group can be studied.
For example, in some groups, the group operation is commutative, and this can be asserted with the introduction of an additional axiom, but without this axiom we can do quite well developing ( the more general ) group theory, and we can even take its negation as an axiom for the study of non-commutative groups.
With Robert Morison ’ s 1672 Plantarum umbelilliferarum distribution nova it became the first group of plants for which a systematic study was published.
The experimental protocol used in Carlson's study was agreed to by a group of physicists and astrologers prior to the actual experiment itself.
The second study lasted 411 days in 2000 – 2001, in Ahmedabad, India, under the direction of a 21 member team of medical doctors and scientists led by doctors Sudhir Shah and K. K. Shah, a past President of the Indian Medical Association and current Chairman of the Jainist Doctors ' Federation ( the latter group aims to " Promote scientific research and medical education based on principles of Jainism ").
According to physicist Phil Anderson, the term was coined by himself and Volker Heine when they changed the name of their group at the Cavendish Laboratories, Cambridge from " Solid state theory " to " Theory of Condensed Matter ", as they felt it did not exclude their interests in the study of liquids, nuclear matter and so on.
Theoretical models have also been developed to study the physics of phase transitions, such as the Landau-Ginzburg theory, Critical exponents and the use of mathematical techniques of quantum field theory and the renormalization group.
The study of group homomorphisms then provides a tool for studying general properties of groups and consequences of the group axioms.
In his definitive study of the taxonomy of the coyote, Jackson had, in response to Miller, queried whether Heller had seriously looked at specimens of coyotes prior to his 1914 article, and thought the characters to be “ not sufficiently important or stable to warrant subgeneric recognition for the group ”.
The American impressionist Mary Cassatt, who at one point lived in Paris to study art, and joined his Impressionist group, noted that he was “ such a teacher that he could have taught the stones to draw correctly .”
Later a group consisting of the three major servants of Dalai Lama, eminent officials and troops will collect the boy and his family and travel to Lhasa, where the boy would be taken, usually to Drepung Monastery to study the Buddhist sutra in preparation for assuming the role of spiritual leader of Tibet.
Eisenhower's stint as president of Columbia University was punctuated by his activity within the Council on Foreign Relations, a study group he led as president concerning the political and military implications of the Marshall Plan, and The American Assembly, Eisenhower's " vision of a great cultural center where business, professional and governmental leaders could meet from time to time to discuss and reach conclusions concerning problems of a social and political nature ".
" Whatever General Eisenhower knows about economics he has learned at the study group meetings ," one Aid to Europe member claimed.