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Page "Site of Special Scientific Interest" ¶ 14
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SSSIs and were
At the time of the passing of the Wildlife and Countryside Act in 1981 many SSSIs were already in existence, having been notified over the previous decades under the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949.

SSSIs and up
* Up to £ 5, 000 fine ( incidents involving SSSIs can now incur fines of up to £ 20, 000 under amendments made by the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000 ).
Four small SSSIs at Harbour Cove, Rock Dunes, Trebetherick Point and Pentire Peninsula are on the estuary, while the River Camel Valley and Tributaries SSSI covers much of the Camel Valley between Egloshayle and Blisland, and then extends in several further sections of varying size right up to its source.

SSSIs and by
Biological SSSIs may be selected for various reasons, governed by published SSSI Selection Guidelines.
Geological SSSIs are selected by a different mechanism to biological SSSIs, with a minimalistic system selecting one site for each geological feature in Great Britain.
SSSIs are not necessarily open to the public, nor are they necessarily owned by a conservation organisation or by the British government — in fact, their access and ownership are no different from the rest of the countryside.
* List of SSSIs by Area of Search
The Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 strengthened protection of SSSIs introduced by the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949.
2000-The Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000 strengthened protection of SSSIs ; by increased English Nature's enforcement power ( allowed to combat neglect, prevent damaging activity, make public bodies responsible for conservation and enhancement of SSSIs ) and increasing penalties for damage to a maximum of £ 20, 000 per offence ( along with court power to order restoration if damage occurs ).
North Queensferry is bounded by two sites of special scientific interest ( SSSIs ), one being the shoreline of the Firth of Forth, an SSSI for its entire extent on both north and south shores, and the other the Carlingnose Point Nature Reserve.
The scheme, which was supported by the South East England Regional Assembly and by the Deputy Prime Minister, John Prescott was opposed by English Nature who highlighted the damage to a number of Sites of Special Scientific Interest ( SSSIs ), including the High Weald area of outstanding natural beauty.
Of these SSSIs 79 % are deemed by English Nature to be being positively managed.

SSSIs and National
There are over 750 km² of Sites of Special Scientific Interest ( SSSIs ) in the area, as well as National Nature Reserves at Caerlaverock and in Cumbria.
SSSIs are the basic building block of site-based nature conservation legislation and most other legal nature / geological conservation designations in Great Britain are based upon them, including National Nature Reserves, Ramsar Sites, Special Protection Areas, and Special Areas of Conservation.
It advises the Scottish Government and acts as a government agent in the delivery of conservation designations, i. e. National Nature Reserves, Local Nature Reserves, Long Distance Routes, National Parks, Sites of Special Scientific Interest ( SSSIs ), Special Areas of Conservation, Special Protection Areas and the National Scenic Area.
In short, the act gives protection to native species ( especially those at threat ), controls the release of non-native species, enhances the protection of SSSIs and builds upon the rights of way rules in the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949.
It includes a National Nature Reserve ( NNR ), 19 SSSIs ( Some subdivided in the list of sites below ), 4 GCR sites of International geological importance plus a further 6 GCR sites, 13 Regionally Important Geological Sites ( RIGS ), 5 Local Nature Reserves ( LNRs ), 7 Leicestershire and Rutland Wildlife Trust ( LRWT ) nature reserves, and 1 Woodland Trust woodland.

SSSIs and Access
2009-The Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009 allowed the creation of marine conservation zones and with the consent of the secretary of state, the creation of SSSIs below mean low water mark.

SSSIs and Countryside
* Countryside Council for Wales website with online directory of all Welsh SSSIs.

SSSIs and Act
SSSIs are also covered under the Water Resources Act 1991 and related legislation.

SSSIs and legal
The effect was, for example to allow control of legal trail biking on SSSIs ( where damaging to the interest ), but not illegal trail biking.

SSSIs and for
Sites notified for their biological interest are known as Biological SSSIs, and those notified for geological or physiographic interest are Geological SSSIs.
SSSIs may be divided into management units, with some SSSI areas including units that are notified for both biological and geological interest.
Conservation of biological SSSIs usually involves continuation of the natural and artificial processes which resulted in their development and survival — for example, the continued traditional grazing of heathland or chalk grassland.
In England, the designating body for SSSIs, Natural England, selects biological SSSIs from within Natural Areas which are areas with particular landscape and ecological characteristics, or on a county basis.
This complex process took some ten years to complete for the several thousand SSSIs.
* Nature Conservancy Council ( 1989 ) Guidelines for selection of biological SSSIs ISBN 0-86139-544-1
* SSSI Citation Search website article to find SSSIs based on contents of the citation-useful for locating species.
The protected areas in Scotland account for 20 % of the total area, SSSIs alone 13 %.
Legally responsible for Sites of Special Scientific Interest ( SSSIs ) and enforce law when necessary.

SSSIs and is
By far the largest of the SSSIs is called Cheddar Complex and covers of the gorge, caves and the surrounding area.
The formal notification of SSSIs is made to a number of different people: central government, local planning authorities, all the owners and occupiers of the land, and various other public bodies, such as water companies.
For example, the Broadland SPA in eastern England is a conglomeration of some 28 SSSIs.
Most SSSIs are privately owned and occupied, and through discussions and management agreements CCW attempts to ensure that the wildlife value of sites is retained and enhanced.
Mapping biotic communities is important identifying sites needing environmental protection, such as the British Site of Special Scientific Interest ( SSSIs ).
The site is contiguous with the Brean Down, Berrow Dunes and Blue Anchor to Lilstock Coast SSSIs.
Lowside Brickworks is one of 21 SSSIs in the Greater Manchester area.
Red Moss, 1. 5 km south of the town centre, is a Site of Special Scientific Interest ( SSSIs ) which was designated in 1995 because of its biological interest.
Red Moss is the best example of lowland raised mire in Greater Manchester and is one of 21 SSSIs in the area.
Natural England, which is responsible for choosing SSSIs, tries to ensure that the management and use of the area is sustainable.
At this is large when compared against other lowland terrestrial SSSIs and is the second largest area of calcareous grassland in Hampshire.
In addition, 67 Sites of Special Scientific Interest ( SSSIs ) have been listed to recognize the scientific importance of these sites and to ensure that due consideration to conservation is given when developments in or near these sites are proposed.

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