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Weber's opinions regarding the methodology of the social sciences show parallels with the work of contemporary neo-Kantian philosopher and pioneering sociologist Georg Simmel.
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Weber's and regarding
Weber's work regarding the relationship between economics and religion and the cultural " disenchantment " of the modern West is perhaps most iconic of the approach set forth in the classic period of economic sociology.
A later work was " Islam and Capitalism " ( 1966 ), the title echoing to Max Weber's famous thesis regarding the development of Capitalism in Europe and the rise of Protestantism.
Weber's thought regarding the rationalizing and secularizing tendencies of modern Western society ( sometimes described as the " Weber Thesis ") would blend with Marxism to facilitate critical theory, particularly in the work of thinkers such as Jürgen Habermas.
Weber's and methodology
But, even though Weber's research interests were very much in line with that school, his views on methodology and the theory of value diverged significantly from those of other German historicists and were closer, in fact, to those of Carl Menger and the Austrian School, the traditional rivals of the historical school.
Weber's methodology was developed in the context of a wider debate about methodology of social sciences, the Methodenstreit.
Weber's and social
The Protestant Ethic formed the earliest part in Weber's broader investigations into world religion: he would go on to examine the religions of China, the religions of India and ancient Judaism, with particular regard to the apparent non-development of capitalism in the corresponding societies, as well as to their differing forms of social stratification.
Weber was put in charge of the study and wrote a large part of the final report, which generated considerable attention and controversy and marked the beginning of Weber's renown as a social scientist.
Weber's position was close to historicism, as he understood social actions as being heavily tied to particular historical contexts and its analysis required the understanding of subjective motivations of individuals ( social actors ).
Though his research interests were always in line with those of the German historicists, with a strong emphasis on interpreting economic history, Weber's defence of " methodological individualism " in the social sciences represented an important break with that school and an embracing of many of the arguments that had been made against the historicists by Carl Menger, the founder of the Austrian School of economics, in the context of the academic Methodenstreit (" debate over methods ") of the late 19th century.
According to Weber's theses, social research cannot be fully inductive or descriptive, because understanding some phenomenon implies that the researcher must go beyond mere description and interpret it ; interpretation requires classification according to abstract " ideal ( pure ) types ".
Though today read primarily by sociologists and social philosophers, Weber's work did have a significant influence on Frank Knight, one of the founders of the neoclassical Chicago school of economics, who translated Weber's General Economic History into English in 1927.
Sozialökonomik zwischen Geschichte und Theorie, Nomos, ISBN 978-3-8329-2517-8 Weber's concept of sociology against the background of his juristic and economic provenance within the framework of " social economics "
Weber's constructions of rationality have been critiqued both from a Habermasian ( 1984 ) perspective ( as devoid of social context and under-theorised in terms of social power ) and also from a feminist perspective ( Eagleton, 2003 ) whereby Weber's rationality constructs are viewed as imbued with masculine values and oriented toward the maintenance of male power.
Co-writer / director Lois Weber was an ardent admirer of Sanger's efforts, and this film stands as one of the best surviving examples of Weber's social problem films.
Depicting different types of “ economic man ” ( each depending on the social context ) is in fact possible with the help of cultural anthropology, and social psychology ( a branch of psychology economists have strangely ignored ), if only those types are contrived as socially and / or historically determined abstractions ( such as Weber's, Korsch's, and Fromm's concepts of Idealtypus, “ historical specification ”, and “ social character ”).
With Weber's introduction of ethnicity as a social construct, race and ethnicity were divided from each other.
Weber's insistence on the importance of domination and symbolic systems in social life was retained by Pierre Bourdieu, who developed the idea of social orders, ultimately transforming it into a theory of fields.
Weber's discussion of the relationships between status groups, social class, and political parties is found in his essay " Class, Status, Party " which was written in German before World War I.
The contrast with Weber's " ideal type " came from the latter's " accentuation " of certain elements of a real social process, which is under sociological ( or historical ) scrutiny-" the one-sided accentuation of one or more points of view ... of a great many diffuse, discrete, more or less present and occasionally absent concrete individual phenomena ", as Weber himself put it.
Weber's and show
They did not ask for qualifications, certificates, or references, but instead only required him to show them his sketchbooks from the war, and a calligraphic piece he did in 1944 of Hans von Weber's " Junggesellentext ".
* Andrew Lloyd Weber's hit musical Cats was performed for the first time, beginning an 8, 949 show run at the New London Theatre, closing on May 11, 2002.
Weber's and parallels
Shmuel Eisenstadt argues in the introduction to The Origins and Diversity of Axial Age Civilizations that Max Weber's work in his The Religion of China: Confucianism and Taoism, The Religion of India: The Sociology of Hinduism and Buddhism and Ancient Judaism provided a background for the importance of the period, and notes parallels with Eric Voegelin's Order and History.
Weber's and with
Weber's main intellectual concern was understanding the processes of rationalisation, secularization, and " disenchantment " that he associated with the rise of capitalism and modernity and which he saw as the result of a new way of thinking about the world.
Weber's analysis of modernity and rationalisation significantly influenced the critical theory associated with the Frankfurt School.
Weber's 1876 Christmas presents to his parents, when he was thirteen years old, were two historical essays entitled " About the course of German history, with special reference to the positions of the Emperor and the Pope ," and " About the Roman Imperial period from Constantine to the migration of nations.
Weber's ordeal with mental illness was carefully described in a personal chronology that was destroyed by his wife.
This chronicle was supposedly destroyed because Marianne Weber feared that Max Weber's work would be discredited by the Nazis if his experience with mental illness were widely known.
Especially important to Weber's work is the neo-Kantian belief that reality is essentially chaotic and incomprehensible, with all rational order deriving from the way in which the human mind focuses its attention on certain aspects of reality and organises the resulting perceptions.
Weber's work in the field of sociology of religion started with the essay The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism and continued with the analysis of The Religion of China: Confucianism and Taoism, The Religion of India: The Sociology of Hinduism and Buddhism and Ancient Judaism.
Max Weber's article has been cited as a definitive refutation of the dependence of the economic theory of value on the laws of psychophysics by Lionel Robbins, George Stigler, and Friedrich Hayek, though the broader issue of the relation between economics and psychology has come back into the academic debate with the development of " behavioral economics.
Weber's preoccupation with the importance of economic calculation led him to develop a critique of socialism as a system that lacked a mechanism for allocating resources efficiently in order to satisfy human needs.
The most commonly used definition is Max Weber's, which describes the state as a compulsory political organization with a centralized government that maintains a monopoly of the legitimate use of force within a certain territory.
There were no Toscanini telecasts in 1950, but they resumed from Carnegie Hall on November 3, 1951, with Weber's overture to Euryanthe and Brahms ' Symphony No. 1.
Other notable recordings include Johannes Brahms ' Symphony No. 4 and Franz Schubert's third and eighth (" Unfinished ") symphonies, also with the Vienna Philharmonic, recordings of Dvořák's Concerto for piano and orchestra with Sviatoslav Richter, Carl Maria von Weber's Der Freischütz, Johann Strauss ' Die Fledermaus, Giuseppe Verdi's La Traviata and Richard Wagner's Tristan und Isolde.
Weber's and work
Though the influence of his mother's Calvinist religiosity is evident throughout Weber's life and work, and though he maintained a deep, lifelong interest in the study of religions, Weber was open about the fact that he was personally irreligious.
Many scholars have described rationalisation and the question of individual freedom in an increasingly rational society, as the main theme of Weber's work.
It is argued that this work should not be viewed as a detailed study of Protestantism, but rather as an introduction into Weber's later works, especially his studies of interaction between various religious ideas and economic behaviour as part of the rationalisation of the economic system.
Another reason for Weber's decision was that Troeltsch's work already achieved what he desired in that area: laying the groundwork for a comparative analysis of religion and society.
The Religion of China: Confucianism and Taoism was Weber's second major work on the sociology of religion.
The Religion of India: The Sociology of Hinduism and Buddhism was Weber's third major work on the sociology of religion.
Weber's best known work in economics concerned the preconditions for capitalist development, particularly the relations between religion and capitalism, which he explored in The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism as well as in his other works on the sociology of religion.
Weber's most influential work was on economic sociology, political sociology, and the sociology of religion.
Weber's work is generally quoted according to the critical Gesamtausgabe ( collected works edition ), which is published by Mohr Siebeck in Tübingen.
The theme of a religious basis of economic discipline is echoed in sociologist Max Weber's work, but both de Tocqueville and Weber argued that this discipline was not a force of economic determinism, but one factor among many that should be considered when evaluating the relative economic success of the Puritans.
1798 also saw the twelve year old Weber's first published work, six fughettas for piano, published in Leipzig.
Indeed, the first use of the word " Leitmotif " in print was by the critic Friedrich Wilhelm Jähns in describing Weber's work, although this was not until 1871.
These explorations into the achievement motive seem to turn naturally into the investigation of national differences based on Max Weber's thesis that the industrialization and economic development of the Western nations were related to the Protestant ethic and its corresponding values supporting work and achievement.
Ludwig von Mises was influenced by several theories in forming his work on praxeology, including Immanuel Kant's works, Max Weber's work on methodological individualism, and Carl Menger's development of the subjective theory of value.
Weber's work formed one of the bases of psychology as a science, with Wilhelm Wundt founding the first laboratory for psychological research.
Dunlap and Catton's work immediately received a critique from Frederick Buttel who argued to the contrary that classical sociological foundations could be found for environmental sociology, particularly in Weber's work on ancient " agrarian civilizations " and Durkheim's view of the division of labor as built on a material premise of specialization / specialization in response to material scarcity.