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* 1945 – The Nazis begin the evacuation of the Auschwitz concentration camp as Soviet forces close in.
Some Related Sentences
1945 and –
* 1945 – World War II: Sarajevo is liberated from German and Croatian forces by the Yugoslav Partisans.
* 1945 – U. S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt dies while in office ; vice-president Harry Truman is sworn in as the 33rd President.
* 1945 – World War II: Führerbunker: Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun commit suicide after being married for one day.
* 1945 – World War II: Hiroshima, Japan is devastated when the atomic bomb " Little Boy " is dropped by the United States B-29 Enola Gay.
* 1945 – World War II: Nagasaki, Japan is devastated when an atomic bomb, Fat Man, is dropped by the United States B-29 Bockscar.
* 1945 – World War II: The Soviet Union declares war on Japan and begins the Manchurian Strategic Offensive Operation.
1945 and Nazis
* 1945 – World War II: After an air raid accidentally destroys a train carrying about 4, 000 Nazi concentration camp internees in Prussian Hanover, the survivors are massacred by Nazis.
In 1933, the Dachau concentration camp was built east of the city by the Nazis and was operated until 1945.
Moreover, in Yugoslavia there existed the Jasenovac concentration camp ( August 1941 – April 1945 ), which was the only central extermination camp outside of Poland, and the only one not operated by Nazis, but by the fascist Ustaše forces of the Independent State of Croatia, the majority of whose victims were Orthodox Christian Serbs, Roma, and Jews.
The completed films included the seven-episode Why We Fight series — consisting of Prelude to War ( 1942 ), The Nazis Strike ( 1942 ), Divide and Conquer ( 1943 ), The Battle of Britain ( 1943 ), The Battle of Russia ( 1943 ), The Battle of China ( 1944 ), War Comes to America ( 1945 ) – plus Know Your Enemy: Japan ( 1945 ), Tunisian Victory ( 1945 ), and Two Down and One to Go ( 1945 ) that do not bear the Why We Fight banner ; as well as the African-American related, The Negro Soldier ( 1944 ).
At the end of 1944 an additional 30, 000-60, 000 Poles were moved into the city after Nazis crushed the Warsaw Uprising In February 1945 the Soviet Red Army approached the city.
However, he resigned the rectorate in April 1934, but remained a member of the Nazi party until 1945, even though Julian Young asserts that the Nazis eventually prevented him from publishing.
* Georg Schumann ( resistance fighter ) ( 1886 – 1945 ), German Communist and resistance fighter against the Nazis
From 1945 to 1950, the Soviet Union used the occupied Buchenwald concentration camp to imprison defeated Nazis and other Germans.
Between 1945 and 1950 the former camp was used by the Soviet Union as an NKVD special camp for Nazis.
In early 1956, the City of Kiel decided to publicly give back to Raeder the Ehrenbürger (" free citizen ") status which the Nazis had awarded him and which been taken away by the British in 1945 ; after attracting much negative media attention all over the world, Raeder was secretly asked by the city government to decline the award.
Following the war, the forgery was discovered in Göring's possession, and van Meegeren was arrested on 29 May 1945 as a collaborator, as officials believed that he had sold Dutch cultural property to the Nazis.
Princess Juliana's genuine warmth and the gestures of her Canadian hosts created a lasting bond which was reinforced when Canadian soldiers fought and died by the thousands in 1944 and 1945 to liberate the Netherlands from the Nazis.
The Council issued the Stuttgart Declaration of Guilt in October 1945, in which it confessed guilt for the inadequacies of the Protestant church in its opposition to the Nazis and the Third Reich.
Around 200 died here ; more died afterwards, when the Nazis sent the prisoners on death marches in April 1945 fearing the Allied advance.
Despite his aristocratic contempt for the Nazis, he continued to show deference to Hitler right to the end, as shown by his acceptance of the position of OB West in August 1944, when he knew he would be no more than a figurehead, and even more so by his visit to Hitler in March 1945, when the German people were already plunged into the catastrophe of defeat.
22, 000 were murdered by the Nazis before the liberation of the camp by the Soviet Red Army in 1945.
Between November 1945 and October 1946, 22 high-ranking Nazis were tried at Nuremberg before an International Military Tribunal.
For his opposition to the Nazis ' state control of the churches, Niemöller was imprisoned in Sachsenhausen and Dachau concentration camps from 1937 to 1945 .< ref > F. L.
The Stuttgart Declaration of Guilt, was a declaration issued on 19 October 1945 by the Council of the Evangelical Church in Germany ( Evangelischen Kirche in Deutschland or EKD ), in which it confessed guilt for its inadequacies in opposition to the Nazis and the Third Reich.