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* By contrast, elastic and viscous ( or intermediate, viscoelastic ) behaviour is relevant at short times ( transient behaviour ):</ br > We again consider the application of a constant stress:
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By and contrast
By contrast, the energetic reaction of the leader to the full demands his decision imposes upon him strengthens the moral intuition and gives us the measure of the man.
By contrast, even experienced linguists commonly know no more of the range of possibilities in tone systems than the over-simple distinction between register and contour languages.
By contrast, a good deal of nuclear pacifism begins with the contingencies and the probabilities, and not with the moral nature of the action to be done ; ;
By contrast, the National Union Party was united and energized as Lincoln made emancipation the central issue, and state Republican parties stressed the perfidy of the Copperheads.
By contrast, the cursive developed out of the Nabataean alphabet in the same period soon became the standard for writing Arabic, evolving into the Arabic alphabet as it stood by the time of the early spread of Islam.
has no zero in F. By contrast, the fundamental theorem of algebra states that the field of complex numbers is algebraically closed.
By contrast, the Rijndael specification per se is specified with block and key sizes that may be any multiple of 32 bits, both with a minimum of 128 and a maximum of 256 bits.
The largest species are red alder ( A. rubra ) on the west coast of North America, and black alder ( A. glutinosa ), native to most of Europe and widely introduced elsewhere, both reaching over 30 m. By contrast, the widespread Alnus viridis ( green alder ) is rarely more than a 5 m tall shrub.
By the standards of 19th century tycoons, Carnegie was not a particularly ruthless man but a humanitarian with enough acquisitiveness to go in the ruthless pursuit of money ; on the other hand, the contrast between his life and the lives of many of his own workers and of the poor, in general, was stark.
By contrast, Kabbalism assumed an " eternal Torah " which was not identical to the Torah written in Hebrew.
By contrast, while defendants in most civil law systems can be compelled to give a statement, this statement is not subject to cross-examination by the prosecutor and not given under oath.
By contrast, in an inquisitiorial system, the fact that the defendant has confessed is merely one more fact that is entered into evidence, and a confession by the defendant does not remove the requirement that the prosecution present a full case.
By contrast, Tom Wolfe's Bonfire of the Vanities ( 1987 ) portrays a wealthy, white protagonist, Sherman McCoy, getting lost off the Major Deegan Expressway in the South Bronx and having an altercation with locals.
By contrast, in mainstream Analytical philosophy the topic is more confined to abstract investigation, in the work of such influential theorists as W. V. O. Quine, to name one of many.
By contrast, substance theory explains the compresence of properties by asserting that the properties are found together because it is the substance that has those properties.
By contrast, evidence based on the textual differences between the Septuagint and the Masoretic Text has been used to argue that the context of the MT truly does depict a historical Jeremiah.
By contrast most of the party's seats were won either due to the absence of a candidate from one of the other parties or in rural areas on the " Celtic fringe ", where local evidence suggests that economic ideas were at best peripheral to the electorate's concerns.
By contrast, the normal vaginal discharge will vary in consistency and amount throughout the menstrual cycle and is at its clearest at ovulation-about 2 weeks before the period starts.
By contrast, the British press were jubilant ; many newspapers sought to portray the battle as a victory for Britain over anarchy, and the success was used to attack the supposedly pro-republican Whig politicians Charles James Fox and Richard Brinsley Sheridan.
By contrast, in civil law jurisdictions ( the legal tradition that prevails in, or is combined with common law in, Europe and most non-Islamic, non-common law countries ), courts lack authority to act where there is no statute, and judicial precedent is given less interpretive weight ( which means that a judge deciding a given case has more freedom to interpret the text of a statute independently, and less predictably ), and scholarly literature is given more.
By contrast to statutory codification of common law, some statutes displace common law, for example to create a new cause of action that did not exist in the common law, or to legislatively overrule the common law.
" By contrast, the composition from the Byzantine point of view portrays Constantine Palaeologus as a brave leader who gave his life for the cause.
By contrast, in ceremonial monarchies, the monarch holds little actual power or direct political influence.
By contrast, Liechtenstein and Monaco are considered democratic states, yet the ruling monarchs in these countries wield significant executive power.
By and elastic
By using the elastic changes under the AFM tip, an image of much greater detail than the AFM topography can be generated.
By contrast, elastic applications can take advantage of however much or little bandwidth is available.
By the time he made it to New York in 1955, he had progressed from a " diddly bow " made from a cigar box and an elastic band to a Fender Telecaster and Standel amplifier.
By and viscous
By forcing water through a perforated cylinder, he was able to measure the slight viscous heating of the fluid.
By 1960, the dome had grown nearly high and a sequence of viscous flows, up to thick and covering an area of about south of the volcano, had been extruded.
By and intermediate
By 1958, roughly four years after Schriever had initiated his ballistic missile program, SAC activated the 704th Strategic Missile Wing to operate first the intermediate range Thor missile and then a year later the first true ICBM, the Atlas missile.
By the mid-1930s however, superheterodynes were using higher intermediate frequencies, ( typically around 440 – 470 kHz ), with tuned coils similar in construction to the aerial and oscillator coils.
By contrast, the cut-and-paste transposition mechanism of class II TEs does not involve an RNA intermediate.
By the early 21st century computer-generated imagery, advanced film scanning, digital intermediate methods and film stocks with higher resolutions optimized for special effects work had together rendered VistaVision mostly obsolete even for special effects work.
By contrast, a programmer using an interpreter does a lot less waiting, as the interpreter usually just needs to translate the code being worked on to an intermediate representation ( or not translate it at all ), thus requiring much less time before the changes can be tested.
By sector, Bolivia imported mostly intermediate goods, followed by industrial, capital, and consumer goods.
By 1963, local stopping services beyond Aylesbury and most intermediate stations had closed, and in 1965 freight services were curtailed.
By the early 18th century, river navigations such as the Aire and Calder Navigation were becoming quite sophisticated, with pound locks and longer and longer " cuts " ( some with intermediate locks ) to avoid circuitous or difficult stretches of river.
By lifting the intermediate lever with a jack that disengages in its highest position, the Cristofori action made it possible for the hammer to fall ( after its initial blow ) to a position considerably lower than the highest position to which the key had lifted it.
By 1908 Nueva Ecija had 144 primary schools, 11 non-sectarian private schools, 18 sectarian private shools, nine intermediate schools, one vocational school and one agricultural school, the Central Luzon Agricultural School which still operates today.
By avoiding an intermediate mechanical step, the energy conversion efficiency can be improved over the hybrids already discussed, by avoiding unnecessary energy conversions.
By 1970 Torino had become the primary name for Ford's intermediate, and the Fairlane was now a subseries of the Torino.
By the Accord's sixth generation in the 1990s, it evolved into an intermediate vehicle, with one basic platform but with different bodies and proportions to increase its competitiveness against its rivals in different international markets.
By 1941, it was clear that even these were too complicated, expensive, time-consuming to build, and used too much of materials in short supply, so new Kriegslokomotive ( war locomotive ) designs were developed ; the lightweight BR52 ( 6161 built ) and the intermediate weight BR42 ( 844 built ).
By 2006 it added new intermediate stops to that same route, extended the Union Pacific West line from Geneva to Elburn, and extended SouthWest Service from Orland Park to Manhattan.
By computerized analysis of amino acid sequences he predicted that the central rod domain of intermediate filament proteins is composed of four helical segments separated by three short linker sequences.
By drawing the intermediate stages of the graph, the user can follow how the graph evolves, seeing it unfold from a tangled mess into a good-looking configuration.
By early 19th century there were at least 4, 000 Hindus in Oman, all of the intermediate merchant caste.
By contrast, anemone-centred flowers have, cupped within the five normal outer petals, a ring of much shorter, more curved extra petals ( sometimes trumpet-shaped, intermediate in appearance between petals and nectaries ), which may be a different colour from the outer petals.
By the rhythm, one may distinguish a true, two-beat square trot when each diagonal pair of hoofs hits the ground at the same moment from a four-beat intermediate ambling gait, such as the fox trot or the " trocha " sometimes seen in the Paso Fino.
By connecting the two lamp groups to a neutral, intermediate in potential between the two live legs, any imbalance of the load will be supplied by a current in the neutral, giving substantially constant voltage across both groups.
By 27 June 1846 a single line extension was opened to just outside Hastings at with an intermediate station at to serve Eastbourne ( this section was later doubled in January 1849 ).