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Page "Gulf of Tonkin incident" ¶ 70
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Tonkin and Gulf
* 1964 – Vietnam War: Gulf of Tonkin incident – North Vietnamese gunboats allegedly fire on the U. S. destroyers and.
* 1964 – Vietnam War: the U. S. Congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution giving U. S. President Lyndon B. Johnson broad war powers to deal with North Vietnamese attacks on American forces.
* 1964 – Vietnam War: Operation Pierce Arrow – American aircraft from carriers and bomb North Vietnam in retaliation for strikes against U. S. destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin.
* 1964 – Gulf of Tonkin incident: U. S. destroyers and report coming under attack in the Gulf of Tonkin.
" Since World War II, every major military action has been technically a U. S. military operation or a U. N. " police action ", which are deemed legally legitimate by Congress, and various United Nations Resolutions because of decisions such as the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution or the Authorization for Use of Force.
It borders the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and South China Sea, alongside China, Laos, and Cambodia.
Once an inlet of the Gulf of Tonkin, it has been filled in by the enormous alluvial deposits of the rivers over a period of millennia, and it advances one hundred meters into the Gulf annually.
During the winter or dry season, extending roughly from November to April, the monsoon winds usually blow from the northeast along the China coast and across the Gulf of Tonkin, picking up considerable moisture ; consequently the winter season in most parts of the country is dry only by comparison with the rainy or summer season.
The territorial border between the two countries is being definitively mapped pursuant to a Land Border Agreement signed in December 1999, and an Agreement on Borders in the Gulf of Tonkin signed in December 2000.
Disputes-international: maritime boundary with Cambodia not defined ; involved in a complex dispute over the Spratly Islands with the People's Republic of China ( PRC ), Republic of China ( ROC ), Malaysia, Philippines, and possibly Brunei ; maritime boundary with Thailand resolved in August 1997 ; maritime boundary dispute with the PRC in the Gulf of Tonkin resolved in 2000 ; Paracel Islands occupied by the PRC but claimed by Vietnam and the ROC ; offshore islands and sections of boundary with Cambodia are in dispute ; agreement on land border with the People's Republic of China was signed in December 1999.
Both nations are working to establish an " economic corridor " from China's Yunnan province to Vietnam's northern provinces and cities, and similar economic zones in the Gulf of Tonkin and connecting the Nanning of Guangxi province, Lang Son province, Hanoi, Haiphong and Quang Ninh province of Vietnam.
*** 1964 – In direct response to the minor naval engagement known as the Gulf of Tonkin incident which occurred on August 2, 1964, the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, a joint resolution of the U. S. Congress, was passed on August 10, 1964.
** Vietnam War: United States destroyers USS Maddox and USS C. Turner Joy are attacked in the Gulf of Tonkin.
** Vietnam War: Operation Pierce Arrow – Aircraft from carriers USS Ticonderoga and USS Constellation bomb North Vietnam in retaliation for strikes against U. S. destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin.
* August 7 – Vietnam War: The United States Congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, giving U. S. President Lyndon B. Johnson broad war powers to deal with North Vietnamese attacks on U. S. forces.
* October 12 – En route to the Gulf of Tonkin, a racial riot involving more than 200 sailors breaks out aboard the United States Navy aircraft carrier USS Kitty Hawk ; nearly 50 sailors are injured.
** A fire aboard the aircraft carrier USS Oriskany in the Gulf of Tonkin kills 44 crewmen.

Tonkin and Intelligence
* The Gulf of Tonkin Incident, 40 Years Later ; Flawed Intelligence and the Decision for War in Vietnam National Security Archive at George Washington University

Tonkin and According
According to western journalist the Lao / Viet borderline is " very close " to the 1945 border between Laos and Tonkin and Annam, respectively.

Tonkin and History
* Forbes, Andrew, and Henley, David: Vietnam Past and Present: The North ( History of French colonialism in Tonkin ).
* Tonkin, Elizabeth, Narrating our Pasts: The Social Construction of Oral History ( Cambridge, 1992 ).

Tonkin and
* The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution and the Escalation of the Vietnam War EDSITEment lesson from the Natioanl Endowment for the Humanities
Sailors no longer safe on aircraft carriers or battleships in the Gulf of Tonkin were starting to bleed, a lot.

Tonkin and National
The second Tonkin Gulf incident was originally claimed by the U. S. National Security Agency to have occurred on August 4, 1964, as another sea battle, but instead may have involved " Tonkin Ghosts " ( false radar images ) and not actual NVN torpedo boat attacks.
While Bảo Đại's State of Vietnam ( formerly Annam, Tonkin, Cochinchine ) had the Vietnamese National Army supporting the French forces, some minorities were trained and organized as regular battalions ( mostly infantry tirailleurs ) that fought with French forces against the Việt Minh.
The memorial was designed by Tonkin Zulaikha Hanford in association with sculptor Ken Unsworth AM, and built largely from funds donated from the public to the Australian Vietnam Forces National Memorial Committee.

Tonkin and at
Davy's boyhood was spent partly with his parents and partly with Tonkin, who placed him at a preparatory school kept by a Mr. Bushell, who was so much struck with the boy's progress that he persuaded Davy's father to send him to a better school.
After the death of Davy's father in 1794, Tonkin apprenticed the boy to John Bingham Borlase, a surgeon with a large practice at Penzance.
At 1800 Washington time ( 0500 in the Gulf of Tonkin ), Herrick cabled yet again, this time stating, " the first boat to close the Maddox probably launched a torpedo at the Maddox which was heard but not seen.
It is located at 41 Tonkin Street, in Cheung Sha Wan, Sham Shui Po District, in the northwestern part of the Kowloon Peninsula of Hong Kong.
After a French defeat at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu in Western Tonkin in 1954, the communist state of North Vietnam was formed, consisting of Tonkin and northern Annam.
That same year, the Bremerton Historic Ships Association opened the destroyer USS Turner Joy ( DD-951 ) to public tours at the end of the boardwalk ; the ship was built in the Puget Sound area in 1958, commissioned in 1959 and had played a back-up role in the 1964 Gulf of Tonkin Incident that further escalated U. S. involvement in the Vietnam War with the Congressional passage of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, allowing President Lyndon B. Johnson to send fighting troops in addition to the " advisors " already on the ground in Vietnam.
Opie was born at Trevellas, St Agnes near Truro in Cornwall, the son, and youngest child of five, of Edward Opie, a master carpenter, and Mary ( née Tonkin ).
The two other parts of Vietnam at the time were known as Annam and Tonkin.
The Chinese declared that both the Lê Dynasty and the Mạc had a right to part of the lands and so they recognized the Lê rule in the southern part of Vietnam while at the same time recognizing the Mạc rule in the northern part, which was called Tunquin ( i. e. Tonkin ).
5c Annam & Tonkin overprint used at Hanoi
The example at right was cancelled at Hanoi ( spelled " HA-NOI ") in Tonkin, on 17 March 1888.
The Empress Dowager Cixi responded to the news of the destruction of China's Fujian Fleet at the Battle of Fuzhou ( 23 August 1884 ) by ordering her generals to invade Tonkin to throw the French out of Hanoi.
* District seat: at Gulf of Tonkin Way ( 北部湾大道 )
The conclave was chaired by Nguyen Cong Vien, making use of the pseudonym Lam Duc Thu, who summarily ruled the question of formation of a proper Communist party out of order, prompting a walkout of three members of the northern delegation, leaving only an informer working on behalf of the French secret police at the session as the representative of Tonkin.
Captain Jean-François-Alphonse Lecomte, one of the more discerning officers of the Tonkin Expeditionary Corps, also paid tribute to the skill T ' ang's army had shown in its siegecraft at Tuyen Quang:
* February 7-49 U. S. Navy bombers from aircraft carriers in the Gulf of Tonkin begin Operation Flaming Dart, striking enemy barracks and facilities at Dong Hoi, North Vietnam.
* March 31 – In response to the North Vietnamese " Easter Offensive " against South Vietnam which began on March 30, the United States begins a series of deployments code-named " Constant Guard ," in which a large number of U. S. Air Force and U. S. Marine Corps squadrons return to bases in South Vietnam and Thailand and the U. S. Navy aircraft carrier presence at Yankee Station in the Gulf of Tonkin increases from two on March 30 to six by late spring.
The Viet Minh seems to have delayed until 23 August to launch its program in Cochinchina, apparently moving at that time in response to the seizure of power by the Viet Minh in Annam and Tonkin.
He was first stationed at Kylua, near Lang Son, in Tonkin ( Northern Vietnam ).
The Tonkin Liberal government was defeated after one term at the 1982 election by Labor led by John Bannon.

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