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According to non-Orthodox Jews and critical historians, Jewish law too has been affected by surrounding cultures ( for example, some scholars argue that the establishment of absolute monotheism in Judaism was a reaction against the dualism of Zoroastrianism that Jews encountered when living under Persian rule ; Jews rejected polygamy during the Middle Ages, influenced by their Christian neighbors ).
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According and non-Orthodox
According and Jews
According to the Talmud, Amram promulgated the laws of marriage and divorce amongst the Jews in Egypt ; the Talmud also argues that Amram had extreme longevity, which he used to ensure that doctrines were preserved through several generations.
According to Philo, the visit was met with jeers from the Greek population who saw Agrippa as the king of the Jews.
According to Christian sources, the Jews of Alexandria schemed against the Christians and killed many of them ; Cyril reacted and expelled either all of the Jews, or else only the murderers, from Alexandria, actually exerting a power that belonged to the civil officer, Orestes.
According to Orthodox Jews too there are variations in Jewish custom from one part of the world to another.
According to Rabbinic Judaism the Torah was revealed by God to Moses ; within it, Jews find 613 Mitzvot ( commandments ).
According to the Jewish Encyclopedia, the large number of people claimed to have been killed by the Jews is an improbability ; " Perhaps the most striking point against the historical value of the Book of Esther is the remarkable decree permitting the Jews to massacre their enemies and fellow subjects during a period of two days.
The following arguments have been based on the content: ( 1 ) It is perceived to be theologically incompatible with Paul's other epistles: elsewhere Paul attributed Jesus's death to the " rulers of this age " ( 1 Cor 2: 8 ) rather than to the Jews, and elsewhere Paul writes that the Jews have not been abandoned by God for " all Israel will be saved " ( Rom 11: 26 ); According to 1 Thes 1: 10, the wrath of God is still to come, it is not something that has already shown itself ( 2 ) There were no extensive historical persecutions of Christians by Jews in Palestine prior to the first Jewish war ( 3 ) The use of the concept of imitation in 1 Thes.
According to Ehrman, the Book of Acts tells a different story of Paul's career, but in this case it reports that, while there were " some " Jews converted during Paul's initial preaching in Thessalonica, the gentiles who were converted were " a large number " and the Jews as a body fiercely opposed Paul's work there.
According to the 2001 edition of the National Jewish Population Survey, in the United States ' Jewish community — the world's second largest — 4. 3 million Jews out of 5. 1 million had some sort of connection to the religion.
According to Evans, if the passage had been an interpolation after the emergence of conflicts between Jews and Christians, it would have had a more accusative tone, but in its current form reads as one would expect it to read for a passage composed by Josephus towards the end of the first century.
According to Ellenblum's interpretation the inhabitants of the Kingdom ( Latin Christians living alongside native Greek and Syrian Christians, Shia and Sunni Arabs, Sufis, Bedouin, Turks, Druze, Jews, and Samaritans ) all had major differences between each other as well as with the crusaders.
According to the census of 1998, the religious breakdown of the city was as follows: Muslim ( 96. 45 %); Christian ( 2. 42 %); Hindu ( 0. 86 %); Ahmadiyya ( 0. 17 %); Others ( 0. 10 %) ( Parsis, Sikhs, Bahá ' ís, Jews and Buddhists ).
According to theologian John Barclay, the Moses of Artapanus " clearly bears the destiny of the Jews, and in his personal, cultural and military splendor, brings credit to the whole Jewish people.
According and critical
According to some scholars, he was more interested in spirituality than in critical text study, which was a specialty of many scholars at JTS.
According to John Gillespie, a former investment banker and co-author of a book critical of boards,: " Far too much of their time has been for check-the-box and cover-your-behind activities rather than real monitoring of executives and providing strategic advice on behalf of shareholders ".
According to Vincent Scramuzza and others, Claudius began work on a history of the Civil Wars that was either too truthful or too critical of Octavian.
According to the United States Department of Energy, the wide range of its current and projected uses, together with the lack of any immediately suitable replacement, makes dysprosium the single most critical element for emerging clean energy technologies-even their most conservative projections predict a shortfall of dysprosium before 2015.
According to Newsinger, although Orwell " was always critical of the 1945 – 51 Labour government's moderation, his support for it began to pull him to the right politically.
According to Graff, literacy learning was increasing outside of formal settings ( such as schools ) and this uncontrolled, potentially critical reading could lead to increased radicalization of the populace.
" According to the sensitive or critical period models, the age at which a child acquires the ability to use language is a predictor of how well he or she is ultimately able to use language.
According to Stephen Suleyman Schwartz, in his book " The Two Faces of Islam ", “ some say that during this vagabondage Ibn Abdul Wahhab came into contact with certain Englishmen who encouraged him to personal ambition as well as to a critical attitude about Islam .” Specifically, Mir ’ at al Harramin, a Turkish work by Ayyub Sabri Pasha, written in 1888, states that in Basra, Abdul Wahhab had come into contact with a British spy by the name of Hempher, who “ inspired in him the tricks and lies that he had learned from the British Ministry of the Commonwealth .”
According to Sony Pictures, " The objective for our Anonymous program, as stated in the classroom literature, is ' to encourage critical thinking by challenging students to examine the theories about the authorship of Shakespeare's works and to formulate their own opinions.
According to early versions of punctuated equilibrium, " peripheral isolates " are considered to be of critical importance for speciation.
According to this model, the uncoordinated instinctual trends are the " id "; the organized realistic part of the psyche is the " ego ," and the critical and moralizing function the " super-ego.
According to anthropologist Maurice Godelier, one critical novelty in human society, in contrast to humanity's closest biological relatives ( chimpanzees and bonobo ), is the parental role assumed by the males, which supposedly would be absent in our nearest relatives for whom paternity is not generally determinable.
According to the EMP Commission Executive Report of 2004, " In general, it would not be an issue for critical infrastructure systems since they have existing protective measures for defense against occasional lightning strikes.
According to Ousby, ' Among modern critical uses of psychoanalysis is the development of " ego psychology " in the work of Norman Holland, who concentrates on the relations between reader and text ' - as with reader response criticism.
According to Debra J. Rosenthal in an introduction to a collection of critical appraisals for the Routledge Literary Sourcebook on Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin, overall reactions have been mixed with some critics praising the novel for affirming the humanity of the African American characters and for the risks Stowe assumed in taking a very public stand against slavery before abolitionism had become a socially acceptable cause, and others criticizing the very limited terms upon which those characters ' humanity was affirmed and the artistic shortcomings of political melodrama.
According to this model of the psyche, the id is the set of uncoordinated instinctual trends ; the ego is the organized, realistic part ; and the super-ego plays the critical and moralizing role.
According to the site's summary of the critical consensus, " Chasing Amy explores gender roles, sexual mores, and the limits of friendship with a mixture of sensitivity, raw honesty, and director / screenwriter Kevin Smith's signature raunchy humor.
According to Maurice Natanson ( 1973, p. 63 ), “ The radicality of the phenomenological method is both continuous and discontinuous with philosophy ’ s general effort to subject experience to fundamental, critical scrutiny: to take nothing for granted and to show the warranty for what we claim to know .”
According to the anthropologist Maurice Godelier, the parental role assumed by human males is a critical difference between human society and that of humans ' closest biological relatives — chimpanzees and bonobos — who appear to be unaware of their " father " connection.
According to Philip Cooney, " Norman is critical of the modern Praise and Worship movement and the operation of CCLI.
According to David Rosand in 1997, " The situation has been thrown into new critical confusion by Alessandro Ballarin's radical revision of the corpus ... exhibition catalogue, 1993, increasing it ... as well as Mauro Lucco .. book, 1996.
According to Bunny Wailer, Tosh was critical to the band because he was a self-taught guitarist and keyboardist, and thus became an inspiration for the other band members to learn to play.
According to this study, once a research department gets above a certain size, dubbed upper critical mass, research quality tends to saturate.
According to the UK Independent Media Centre, " round 150 different events included critical mass bike rides, occupations, and mass demonstrations in Brighton, Manchester, Glasgow and London and many other places.