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Cinchonism or quinism is a pathological condition in humans caused by an overdose of quinine or its natural source, cinchona bark.
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Cinchonism and is
Cinchonism is much less common when quinine is given by mouth, but oral quinine is not well tolerated ( quinine is exceedingly bitter and many patients will vomit after ingesting quinine tablets ): Other drugs such as Fansidar ( sulfadoxine with pyrimethamine ) or Malarone ( proguanil with atovaquone ) are often used when oral therapy is required.
Cinchonism and quinine
is and pathological
In its pathological form, spiritual anxiety may tend to " drive the person toward the creation of certitude in systems of meaning which are supported by tradition and authority " even though such " undoubted certitude is not built on the rock of reality ".
In men, the mammary glands are also present in the body, but normally remain undeveloped because of the hormone testosterone, however, when male lactation occurs, it is considered a pathological symptom of a disorder of the pituitary gland.
The Cauchy distribution is often used in statistics as the canonical example of a " pathological " distribution.
Another key piece of evidence regarding SWS ’ s involvement in declarative memory consolidation is a finding that people with pathological conditions of sleep, such as insomnia, exhibit both reduction in Slow-Wave Sleep and also have impaired consolidation of declarative memory during sleep.
Hypoxia, or hypoxiation, is a pathological condition in which the body as a whole ( generalized hypoxia ) or a region of the body ( tissue hypoxia ) is deprived of adequate oxygen supply.
The use of the nonparetic extremities to create the pathological lateral tilt of the body axis is another sign to be noted when diagnosing for pusher behaviour.
IGF-1 is important for both the regulation of normal physiology, as well as a number of pathological states, including cancer.
In Abyssinia the power of transformation is attributed to the Boudas, and at the same time we have records of pathological lycanthropy ( see below ).
Called pathological science and cargo cult science, this is different from deliberate falsification of results, and can happen to good-faith researchers.
Siebold is credited with the introduction of vaccination and pathological anatomy for the first time in Japan.
According to Woolf, there are three classes of pain: nociceptive pain ( see hereunder ), inflammatory pain which is associated with tissue damage and the infiltration of immune cells, and pathological pain which is a disease state caused by damage to the nervous system ( neuropathic pain, see hereunder ) or by its abnormal function ( dysfunctional pain, like in fibromyalgia, irritable bowel syndrome, tension type headache, etc.
Langmuir said a pathological science is an area of research that simply will not " go away "— long after it was given up on as ' false ' by the majority of scientists in the field.
Pathological science, as defined by Langmuir, is a psychological process in which a scientist, originally conforming to the scientific method, unconsciously veers from that method, and begins a pathological process of wishful data interpretation ( see the Observer-expectancy effect, and cognitive bias ).
In a position paper released May 17, 2012, the Pan American Health Organization ( PAHO ) stated that services that purport to " cure " people with a non-heterosexual sexual orientation lack medical justification and represent a serious threat to the health and well-being of affected people, and noted that there is a professional consensus that homosexuality is a natural variation of human sexuality and cannot be regarded as a pathological condition.
Medical sonography ( ultrasonography ) is an ultrasound-based diagnostic medical imaging technique used to visualize muscles, tendons, and many internal organs, to capture their size, structure and any pathological lesions with real time tomographic images.
What ’ s more, some benign pathological phenomena like polyps, nodules and edema is another category of lesion which will definitely introduce disordered phonation.
Investigation about the temporal and magnitude of inflammatory response in VFs may benefit for elucidating subsequent pathological events in vocal fold wounding, which is good for clinician to develop therapeutic targets to minimize scar formation.
In the hamster model of yellow fever, early administration of the antiviral ribavirin is an effective early treatment of many pathological features of the disease.
* The blood volume of the lungs is about 450 milliliters, about 9 percent of the total blood volume of the entire circulatory system, Under various physiological and pathological conditions, the quantity of blood in the lungs can vary from as little as one-half normal up to twice normal. loss of blood from the systemic circulation by hemorrhage can be partly compensated for by the automatic shift of blood from the lungs into the systemic vessels
is and condition
Considering then the optimism which has permeated science fiction for so long, what is really remarkable is that during the last twelve years many science-fiction writers have turned about and attacked their own cherished vision of the future, have attacked the Childhood's End kind of faith that science and technology will inevitably better the human condition.
Engaged as it is in a battle for world trade as a condition of national survival, this country can have little patience with labor's family feuds.
`` Unless the oyabun has been working on it '', he said, then checked himself and added: `` You can tell Kayabashi-san that the back road is in very good condition and will be quite safe for his party to use ''.
This condition will undoubtedly continue until such time as a state uniform system of evaluation is established, or through mutual agreement of the local assessing officials for a method of standard assessment practice to be adopted.
It should be kept in mind that the ease or difficulty with which a town or city can convert to the proposed plan is directly dependent upon the financial condition of that town or city.
Essentially, the question presented for decision in the present Daytime Skywave proceeding is whether our decision ( in 1938-1939 ) to assign stations on the basis of daytime conditions from sunrise to sunset, is sound as a basis for AM allocations, or whether, in the light of later developments and new understanding, skywave transmission is of such significance during the hours immediately before sunset and after sunrise that this condition should be taken into account, and some stations required to afford protection to other stations during these hours.
According to the theory proposed, this is a consequence of the severe condition of perceived threat that persists unabated for the anxious child in an ambiguous sort of school environment.
Thus far, the cases which have come before the courts have involved only the issue of referral where the job is vacant due to a strike -- condition ( 1 ) in the Regulation of the Secretary.
None has yet arisen under condition ( 2 ), relating to referral to jobs `` the filling of which is an issue in a labor dispute ''.
Psychical blindness is a condition in which there is a total absence of visual memory-images, a condition in which, for example, one is unable to remember something just seen or to conjure up a memory-picture of the visible appearance of a well-known friend in his absence.
If the argument is accepted as essentially sound up to this point, it remains for us to consider whether the patient's difficulties in orienting himself spatially and in locating objects in space with the sense of touch can be explained by his defective visual condition.
is and humans
The fire ant is thought to infest approximately two million acres of land in Georgia, attacking crops, young wildlife and livestock and can be a serious health menace to humans who are allergic to its venom, Blasingame said.
`` This is a long picture and a controversial one, but basically it is a moral, enthralling and heartbreaking description of humans who have become unlinked from life as perhaps Rome has from her traditional political, cultural and religious glories ''.
Even a nuclear holocaust is a little less frightful to contemplate than a race of dehumanised humans occupying the earth until doomsday ''.
Helping behavior is seen in humans at about two years old, when a toddler is capable of understanding subtle emotional cues.
A related concept in descriptive ethics is psychological egoism, the thesis that humans always act in their own self-interest and that true altruism is impossible.
The pineal body, known to regulate sleep patterns in humans, is thought to produce the hormones involved in hibernation and aestivation in amphibians.
In some fictional works, the difference between a robot and android is only their appearance, with androids being made to look like humans on the outside but with robot-like internal mechanics.
But humans can do something equally useful, in the case of certain enumerably infinite sets: They can give explicit instructions for determining the nth member of the set, for arbitrary finite n. Such instructions are to be given quite explicitly, in a form in which they could be followed by a computing machine, or by a human who is capable of carrying out only very elementary operations on symbols.
Eastern Anatolia, along side Mesopotamia and the Levant, is also a heart region for the Neolithic revolution, one of the earliest areas in which humans domesticated plants and animals.
Rieux reflects on the epidemic and reaches the conclusion that there is more to admire than to despise in humans.
It is arbitrary and capricious, and it leaves humans in a state of fear and uncertainty, which ends only in death.
Environmental ethics is concerned with questions such as the duties of humans towards landscapes or species.
Eventually, humans learned to smelt metals such as copper and tin from ore, and, around 2500 BC, began alloying the two metals to form bronze, which is much harder than its ingredients.
The thick inner layer of the shell is composed of nacre or mother-of-pearl, which in many species is highly iridescent, giving rise to a range of strong and changeable colors, which make the shells attractive to humans as decorative objects, and as a source of colorful mother-of-pearl.
Abalone have long been a valuable food source for humans in every area of the world where a species is abundant.
It may be an exaggerated form of an instinctive response that helped early humans to survive, or a cultural phenomenon that is most common in predominantly European societies.
Spiders, for instance, being relatively small, don ’ t fit the usual criterion for a threat in the animal kingdom where size is a factor, but nearly all species are venomous, and although rarely dangerous to humans, some species are dangerous.
Animism encompasses the beliefs that there is no separation between the spiritual and physical ( or material ) world, and souls or spirits exist, not only in humans, but also in all other animals, plants, rocks, geographic features such as mountains or rivers, or other entities of the natural environment.
The reported output from global aquaculture operations would supply one half of the fish and shellfish that is directly consumed by humans ; however, there are issues about the reliability of the reported figures.
Hume concludes that there is an innate faculty of instincts which both beasts and humans share, namely, the ability to reason experimentally ( through custom ).