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Weil was mistakenly arrested in Finland at the outbreak of the Winter War suspected of spying ; however, accounts of his life having been at danger have been shown to be exaggerated.
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Weil and was
André Weil (; 6 May 1906 – 6 August 1998 ) was an influential French mathematician of the 20th century, renowned for the breadth and quality of his research output, its influence on future work, and the elegance of his exposition.
Weil was in Finland when World War II broke out ; he had been traveling in Scandinavia since April 1939.
Weil returned to France via Sweden and the United Kingdom, and was detained at Le Havre in January 1940.
Mordell's theorem had an ad hoc proof ; Weil began the separation of the infinite descent argument into two types of structural approach, by means of height functions for sizing rational points, and by means of Galois cohomology, which was not to be clearly named as that for two more decades.
Weil realized that to prove such a connection one needed a new cohomology theory, but neither he nor any other expert saw how to do this until such a theory was found by Grothendieck.
This program culminated in the proofs of the Weil conjectures, the last of which was settled by Grothendieck's student Pierre Deligne in the early 1970s after Grothendieck had largely withdrawn from mathematics.
This cohomology theory was known as the " Weil cohomology ", but using the tools he had available, Weil was unable to construct it.
Johannes Kepler was born on December 27, 1571, at the Free Imperial City of Weil der Stadt ( now part of the Stuttgart Region in the German state of Baden-Württemberg, 30 km west of Stuttgart's center ).
The first chief rabbi of the country Rabbi Asher Lowe was from ( Durlach ) Karlsruhe, Nethaneel Weil was a rabbi in Karlsruhe from 1750 until his death.
* Liza Weil ( 1977 -), actress known for her portrayal of Paris Geller on the television series Gilmore Girls ; was born in New Jersey but her family has resided in the borough since 1984.
Originally named Schleisingerville after the founder, state senator Baruch Schleisinger ( Weil ) in 1857, it was shortened during the 1920s to Slinger, a nickname which was already in common usage by the area residents.
Weil immigrated from France, not Germany, while the population of Slinger itself was of predominantly German ancestry at the time of the name change.
The first of the Weil conjectures was proved by Bernard Dwork, and a completely different proof of the first two conjectures via l-adic cohomology was given by Alexander Grothendieck.
Weil and at
Taniyama – Weil conjecture ) based on a roughly formulated question of Taniyama at the 1955 Nikkō conference.
After secondary schooling at the lycée Louis-le-Grand in Paris, Maurice Merleau-Ponty became a student at the École Normale Supérieure, where he studied alongside Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, and Simone Weil.
Demuth, van Rooy, Weil and Whitehill were at their peak in the late 19th and early 20th centuries while Schorr, Bockelmann and Nissen were stars of the 1920s and 1930s.
The underlying drive, in Weil and Chevalley at least, was the perceived need for French mathematics to absorb the best ideas of the Göttingen school, particularly Hilbert and the modern algebra school of Emmy Noether, Artin and van der Waerden.
Jonathan Weil, a reporter at the Dallas bureau of The Wall Street Journal, is credited with first breaking the story of financial abuses at Enron in September 2000.
The full Taniyama – Shimura – Weil conjecture was finally proved by,, and who, building on Wiles ' work, incrementally chipped away at the remaining cases until the full result was proved.
Even at an early stage in his work Serre had perceived a need to construct more general and refined cohomology theories to tackle the Weil conjectures.
However, at the end of December 2009 the discovery process was suddenly and inexplicably halted by Washington Mutual, Inc's attorneys Weil, Gotshal & Manges.
" The presence of the new species suggests that microcosmodontine species richness in the Western Interior was as high at the beginning of the Paleocene as at its end ," ( Weil, 1998 ).
In the early 1940s, Weil used the first definition ( over an arbitrary base field ) but could not at first prove that it implied the second.
Erich was educated at the Volksschule in Weil im Schönbuch ( April 1928 – April 1932 ), the Gymnasium in Böblingen ( April 1932 – April 1936 ), the National Political Institutes of Education in Rottweil ( April 1936 – April 1937 ), and the Gymnasium in Korntal ( April 1937 – April 1940 ), from which he received his Abitur.
The rise to power of the Nazi party in 1933 resulted in government support for gliding, and, in 1936, Elisabeth Hartmann helped set up a flying school at Weil im Schönbuch, where 14-year-old Erich became an instructor.
Agamben was educated at the University of Rome, where he wrote an unpublished thesis on the political thought of Simone Weil.
Simone Weil Avenue, is the original A20 bypass, but has been diverted to curtail at Canterbury Road.
Philosopher Simone Weil also lived here ; upon contracting tuberculosis she was moved to a sanatorium at Kennington, and declared the town " a beautiful place to die ", later being recognised by the town's council naming a section of the A28 road after her.
Weil and Winter
The Winterfilm Collective ( listed as Winterfilm, Inc. in the credits to the film Winter Soldier ) consisted of: Fred Aranow, Nancy Baker, Joe Bangert, Rhetta Barron, Robert Fiore, David Gillis, David Grubin, Jeff Holstein, Barbara Jarvis, Al Kaupas, Barbara Kopple, Mark Lenix, Michael Lesser, Nancy Miller, Lee Osborne, Lucy Massie Phenix, Roger Phenix, Benay Rubenstein, and Michael Weil.
Weil and suspected
Grothendieck saw that it would be possible to use Serre's idea to define a cohomology theory which he suspected would be the Weil cohomology.
Weil and ;
The so-called Weil conjectures were hugely influential from around 1950 ; they were later proved by Bernard Dwork, Alexander Grothendieck, Michael Artin, and Pierre Deligne, who completed the most difficult step in 1973.
At Home with Andre and Simone Weil by Sylvie Weil, translated by Benjamin Ivry ; ISBN 978-0-8101-2704-3, Northwestern University Press, 2010.
Generalizations of the Gauss – Bonnet theorem to n-dimensional Riemannian manifolds were found in the 1940s, by Allendoerfer, Weil, and Chern ; see generalized Gauss – Bonnet theorem and Chern – Weil homomorphism.
Perhaps the one purely negative trait Weil acquired from her family home was an obsession with cleanliness ; in her later life she would sometimes speak of her " disgustingness " and think that others would see her this way, despite that fact that in her youth she was considered highly attractive.
In 1928, Weil finished first in the entrance examination for the École Normale Supérieure ; Simone de Beauvoir, her more long-lived and famous peer, finished second .< ref >
To see the relation of these sets to the Weil conjectures, notice that if α and are both in, then there exist x and y in Z / pZ such that x < sup > 3 </ sup > = α and y < sup > 3 </ sup > = α + 1 ; consequently, x < sup > 3 </ sup > + 1 = y < sup > 3 </ sup >.
A conjecture of André Weil was that the Tamagawa number was always 1 for a simply connected G. This arose out of Weil's modern treatment of results in the theory of quadratic forms ; the proof was case-by-case and took decades, the final steps were taken by Robert Kottwitz in 1988 and V. I.
On September 9, 1912, Estrada confessed to THE NEW YORK TIMES the origin of this money: he had been given a million dollars by the Yankee companies located in Nicaragua ; two hundred thousand dollars from the firm of Joseph Beers and one hundred fifty thousand dollars from Samuel Weil.
He wrote important works on the ancient kingdoms of Asia Minor – Trois royaumes de l ' Asie Mineure, Cappadoce, Bithynie, Pont ( 1888 ), Mithridate Eupator ( 1890 ); also a critical edition and translation with H Weil of Plutarch's Treatise on Music ; and an Histoire des Israélites depuis la ruine de leur indépendance nationale jusqu ' à nos jours ( 2nd ed., 1901 ).
The judges were Harriet Pilpel, Attorney, Weil, Gotshal & Manges ; Studs Terkel, author and nationally syndicated radio show host ; and William Worthy, international journalist and civil liberties activist.
The judges were Burton Joseph, Attorney, Barsy, Joseph & Lichtenstein ; Harriet Pilpel, Attorney, Weil, Gotshal & Manges ; and Melody Sands, former owner of The Athens News.
The judges were Judith Krug, Director, the American Library Association for Intellectual Freedom ; Jack K. Landau, attorney an columnist, Newhouse Newspapers ; Clarence Page, Pulitzer Prize-Winning Columnist, Chicago Tribune ; and Harriet Pilpel, attorney, Weil, Gotshal & Manges.
** St. Elmo's Fire – David Foster ; John Parr ; Billy Squier ; John Elefante ; Dino Elefante ; Jon Anderson ; Fee Waybill ; Steve Lukather ; Richard Marx ; Jay Graydon ; Steve Kipner ; Peter Beckett ; Cynthia Weil