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If and r
If we define r < sub > i </ sub > as the displacement of particle i from the center of mass, and v < sub > i </ sub > as the velocity of particle i with respect to the center of mass, then we have
If the exponent r is even, then the inequality is valid for all real numbers x.
If the relative priorities of these substituents need to be established, R takes priority over S. When this happens, the descriptor of the stereocenter is a lowercase letter ( r or s ) instead of the uppercase letter normally used.
If u ( t ) is the control signal sent to the system, y ( t ) is the measured output and r ( t ) is the desired output, and tracking error, a PID controller has the general form
If the weight of the roadway per unit length is w and the weight of the cable and the wire supporting the bridge is negligible in comparison, then the weight on the cable from c to r is wx where x is the horizontal distance between c to r. Proceeding as before gives the differential equation
If F ( r ) represents gravity, it is a negative term proportional to 1 / r < sup > 2 </ sup >, so the net acceleration in r in the rotating frame depends on a difference of reciprocal square and reciprocal cube terms, which are in balance in a circular orbit but otherwise typically not.
If the source of Φ ( r ) is a dipole, as it is assumed here, this term is the only non-vanishing term in the multipole expansion of Φ ( r ).
If it is generally by temporary uninhabitability, for example a nuclear winter, then n < sub > r </ sub > may be relatively high.
*( EF1 ) If a and b are in R and b is nonzero, then there are q and r in R such that and either r = 0 or.
If r represents an arbitrary element of R, f can be viewed as a right R-homomorphism so that, or f can also be viewed as a left R module homomorphism, where.
Thus the set of all polynomials with coefficients in the ring R forms itself a ring, the ring of polynomials over R, which is denoted by R. The map from R to R sending r to rX < sup > 0 </ sup > is an injective homomorphism of rings, by which R is viewed as a subring of R. If R is commutative, then R is an algebra over R.
If R is an integral domain and f and g are polynomials in R, it is said that f divides g or f is a divisor of g if there exists a polynomial q in R such that f q = g. One can show that every zero gives rise to a linear divisor, or more formally, if f is a polynomial in R and r is an element of R such that f ( r ) = 0, then the polynomial ( X − r ) divides f. The converse is also true.
If F is a field and f and g are polynomials in F with g ≠ 0, then there exist unique polynomials q and r in F with
If a root r < sub > 1 </ sub >
If an object moves with angular velocity ω around a circle of radius r centered at the origin of the x-y plane, then its motion along each coordinate is simple harmonic motion with amplitude r and angular frequency ω.
Consider now the acceleration due to the sphere of mass M experienced by a particle in the vicinity of the body of mass m. With R as the distance from the center of M to the center of m, let ∆ r be the ( relatively small ) distance of the particle from the center of the body of mass m. For simplicity, distances are first considered only in the direction pointing towards or away from the sphere of mass M. If the body of mass m is itself a sphere of radius ∆ r, then the new particle considered may be located on its surface, at a distance ( R ± ∆ r ) from the centre of the sphere of mass M, andr may be taken as positive where the particle's distance from M is greater than R. Leaving aside whatever gravitational acceleration may be experienced by the particle towards m on account of ms own mass, we have the acceleration on the particle due to gravitational force towards M as:

If and is
If the circumstances are faced frankly it is not reasonable to expect this to be true.
If his dancers are sometimes made to look as if they might be creatures from Mars, this is consistent with his intention of placing them in the orbit of another world, a world in which they are freed of their pedestrian identities.
If a work is divided into several large segments, a last-minute drawing of random numbers may determine the order of the segments for any particular performance.
If they avoid the use of the pungent, outlawed four-letter word it is because it is taboo ; ;
If Wilhelm Reich is the Moses who has led them out of the Egypt of sexual slavery, Dylan Thomas is the poet who offers them the Dionysian dialectic of justification for their indulgence in liquor, marijuana, sex, and jazz.
If he is the child of nothingness, if he is the predestined victim of an age of atomic wars, then he will consult only his own organic needs and go beyond good and evil.
If it is an honest feeling, then why should she not yield to it??
If he thus achieves a lyrical, dreamlike, drugged intensity, he pays the price for his indulgence by producing work -- Allen Ginsberg's `` Howl '' is a striking example of this tendency -- that is disoriented, Dionysian but without depth and without Apollonian control.
If love reflects the nature of man, as Ortega Y Gasset believes, if the person in love betrays decisively what he is by his behavior in love, then the writers of the beat generation are creating a new literary genre.
If he is good, he may not be legal ; ;
If the man on the sidewalk is surprised at this question, it has served as an exclamation.
If the existent form is to be retained new factors that reinforce it must be introduced into the situation.
If we remove ourselves for a moment from our time and our infatuation with mental disease, isn't there something absurd about a hero in a novel who is defeated by his infantile neurosis??
If many of the characters in contemporary novels appear to be the bloodless relations of characters in a case history it is because the novelist is often forgetful today that those things that we call character manifest themselves in surface behavior, that the ego is still the executive agency of personality, and that all we know of personality must be discerned through the ego.
If he is a traditionalist, he is an eclectic traditionalist.
If our sincerity is granted, and it is granted, the discrepancy can only be explained by the fact that we have come to believe hearsay and legend about ourselves in preference to an understanding gained by earnest self-examination.
If to be innocent is to be helpless, then I had been -- as are we all -- helpless at the start.

If and degree
If she has not had such experiences, the female's normal adolescent degree of indecision will be compounded.
If its minimal polynomial has degree, then the algebraic number is said to be of degree.
If a is algebraic over K, then K, the set of all polynomials in a with coefficients in K, is not only a ring but a field: an algebraic extension of K which has finite degree over K. In the special case where K = Q is the field of rational numbers, Q is an example of an algebraic number field.
If five judges then the highest and lowest scores are discarded and the middle three are summed and multiplied by the degree of difficulty ( DD ), which is determined from a combination of the moves undertaken, in which position and from what height ).
If a mathematical function is used to represent the production function, and if that production function is homogeneous, returns to scale are represented by the degree of homogeneity of the function.
If any player interferes with an eligible receiver's ability to catch the ball it is pass interference which draws a penalty of varying degree ( largely depending upon the particular league's rules ).
If v < sub > n </ sub > is the number of vertices of degree n and D is the maximum degree of any vertex,
* If f is an irreducible polynomial of prime degree p with rational coefficients and exactly two non-real roots, then the Galois group of f is the full symmetric group S < sub > p </ sub >.
If every formula in R of degree k is either refutable or satisfiable, then so is every formula in R of degree k + 1.
If the degree of underrepresentation is small, the sample can be treated as a reasonable approximation to a random sample.
If the monopoly were permitted to charge individualised prices ( this is termed third degree price discrimination ), the quantity produced, and the price charged to the marginal customer, would be identical to that of a competitive company, thus eliminating the deadweight loss ; however, all gains from trade ( social welfare ) would accrue to the monopolist and none to the consumer.
A number a is a root of P if and only if the polynomial x − a ( of degree one in x ) divides P. It may happen that x − a divides P more than once: if ( x − a )< sup > 2 </ sup > divides P then a is called a multiple root of P, and otherwise a is called a simple root of P. If P is a nonzero polynomial, there is a highest power m such that ( x − a )< sup > m </ sup > divides P, which is called the multiplicity of the root a in P. When P is the zero polynomial, the corresponding polynomial equation is trivial, and this case is usually excluded when considering roots: with the above definitions every number would be a root of the zero polynomial, with undefined ( or infinite ) multiplicity.
If the areas of the two parallel faces are A < sub > 1 </ sub > and A < sub > 3 </ sub >, the cross-sectional area of the intersection of the prismatoid with a plane midway between the two parallel faces is A < sub > 2 </ sub >, and the height ( the distance between the two parallel faces ) is h, then the volume of the prismatoid is given by ( This formula follows immediately by integrating the area parallel to the two planes of vertices by Simpson's rule, since that rule is exact for integration of polynomials of degree up to 3, and in this case the area is at most a quadratic in the height.
If the overall system is pure, the entropy of one subsystem can be used to measure its degree of entanglement with the other subsystems.
If we use the generator polynomial, where is a primitive polynomial of degree, then the maximal total block length is, and the code is able to detect single, double, and triple errors.
If their test scores suddenly diverged by a large degree, this would be strong evidence that studying ( or going to the amusement park ) had a causal effect on test scores.
If this wave interacts with a material at which the horizontal component ( green sinusoid ) travels at a different speed than the vertical component ( blue sinusoid ), the two components will fall out of the 90 degree phase difference ( required for circular polarization ) changing the Kerr Ellipticity.
If f is a polynomial of degree less than or equal to d, then the Taylor polynomial of degree d equals f.
" If one has a living person inhale this liquid when it is at its highest degree of concentration, the body of the patient for a few moments becomes as light as a balloon ," Robert-Houdin claimed.
If the public sector company is making money and selling their product for half of the price of the private sector companies, the private sector companies won't be able to simultaneously gouge to that degree and keep their customers: the competition keeps them in line.

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