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Mohammed Zahir Shah ( 15 October 1914 – 23 July 2007 ) was the last King ( Padishah ) of Afghanistan, reigning for four decades, from 1933 until he was ousted by a coup in 1973.
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Mohammed and Zahir
* 1973 – King Mohammed Zahir Shah of Afghanistan is deposed by his cousin Mohammed Daoud Khan while in Italy undergoing eye surgery.
In July 1973, Zahir Shah was ousted in a nonviolent coup and Kabul became the capital of a republic under Mohammed Daoud Khan, the new President.
From Amanullah until the reign of Mohammed Zahir Shah ( 1933 – 1973 ) and Mohammed Daoud Khan ( 1973 – 1978 ) the Jirga was recognized as a common meeting of regional Pashtun leaders.
** The first was based in Rome around Mohammed Zahir Shah, and it reflected the interests of moderate Pashtuns from Afghanistan.
Zahir Khan was proclaimed King ( Shah ) on 8 November 1933 at the age of 19, after the assassination of his father Mohammed Nadir Shah.
In 1973, while Mohammed Zahir Shah was in Italy undergoing eye surgery as well as therapy for lumbago, his cousin and former Prime Minister Mohammed Daoud Khan staged a coup d ' état and established a republican government.
He overthrew the monarchy of his first cousin Mohammed Zahir Shah and declared himself as the first President of Afghanistan from 1973 until his assassination in 1978 as a result of the Saur Revolution led by the Communist People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan ( PDPA ).
A scene from the film featuring the king of Afghanistan watching a game included the real-life king at the time, Mohammed Zahir Shah.
His parents originated from Laghman Province of Afghanistan, and the family moved to Mazar-i-Sharif when his father was a government official under the monarchy of Mohammed Zahir Shah.
The monarchy of Afghanistan was abolished in 1973 after a coup d ' état overthrew King Mohammed Zahir Shah.
While a minority, the party helped former president of Afghanistan, Mohammed Daoud Khan, to overthrow his cousin, Mohammed Zahir Shah, and established Daoud's Republic of Afghanistan.
Mohammed and Shah
He wrote a number of books and papers two of which are of immense importance namely ( 1 ). India in Transition, about the prepartition politics of India and ( 2 ). World Enough & Time-The Memoirs of Sir Sultan Mohammed Shah, Aga Khan III, his autobiography.
* September 1930 — A jirga a meeting of 286 called by Mohammed Nadir Shah to confirm his accession to the throne.
In the early 1990s, after the Soviet withdraw from Afghanistan, control of Mazar was contested by the Hazara milita Hezbe Wahdat, led by Hajji Mohammed Mohaqiq, the Tajik militia Jamiat-e Islami, led by Ahmad Shah Massoud and Burhanuddin Rabbani, and the Uzbek militia Jumbesh-e Melli led by Abdul Rashid Dostum.
He was the son of Mohammed Nadir Shah, a senior member of the Barakzai royal family and commander in chief of the Afghan army under former king Amanullah Khan.
Nadir Shah was a descendant of Sardar Sultan Mohammed Khan Telai, half-brother of Amir Dost Mohammad Khan.
" From 1973-5, the CIA colluded with Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi of Iran to finance and arm Kurdish rebels in the Second Kurdish-Iraqi War in an attempt to overthrow al-Bakr.
Mohammed and 15
Mohammed opposed the regime of Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi which took power after a coup d ' etat on January 15, 1966 carried out mainly by Christian Igbo from the south, in which several northern Nigerian leaders had been killed under gruesome circumstances.
From October 15 – 16, 1994, Mohammed was visited in Cleveland, Ohio by Grand Mufti Abdullah Mukhtar, the leader of an estimated 60 million Muslims at Masjid Bilal, on his first visit to the U. S. On December 9, 1994 he received the Cup of Compassion from the Hartford Seminary in Hartford, Conn.
From March 8 – 20, 1990 W. Deen Mohammed and the 15 member delegation of Muslim American leaders and scholars he led to the Persian Gulf were given a State Visit of Saudi Arabia.
On April 15, 1996 Dr. Mohammed Nuir Manuty, the President of the Muslim Youth Movement invited Mohammed to visit Malaysia.
From June 12 – 15, 2002 as International President of the World Conference on Religion and Peace, Mohammed was invited to attend an HIV / AIDS Conference in Kenya.
On 15 June 2009, in response to a lawsuit by the ACLU, the government was forced to disclose a previously classified portion of a CIA memo written in 2006 which recounted how Mohammed told the CIA that he " made up stories " to stop from being tortured.
Benaissa remained in his position under Hassan's successor, King Mohammed VI, until he was replaced by Deputy Foreign Minister Taieb Fassi Fihri in the government formed on October 15, 2007 under Prime Minister Abbas El Fassi.
If the term Gharnati refers in current Algeria, especially in the region of Tlemcen, the entire directory Andalusian scholar, in Morocco it designates a distinct musical style of the Andalusian " Tab Al Ala " as confirmed by the authors Rachid Aous, Mohammed Habib Samrakandi pages 15 and 24 in their book " Music of Algeria "
On January 15, 2009, the Israeli Air Force bombed a house in Jabaliya, killing a prominent Qassam Brigades commander named Mohammed Watfa ( the strike targeted the Palestinian Interior Minister Said Seyam, who was also killed ).
* Abu-Nimer, Mohammed, " A Framework for Nonviolence and Peacebuilding in Islam ", in: Journal of Law and Religion Volume 15, No. 1 / 2 ( 2000 – 2001 ), p. 217-265.
Gul Mohammed ( February 15, 1957 – October 1, 1997 ) of New Delhi, India, according to The Guinness Book of World Records, was the shortest adult human being of his time whose existence and height have been independently verified.
Mohammed Koya ( born at Atholi, Calicut July 15, 1927-28 September 1983 ) was an Indian politician and the tenth Chief Minister of Kerala.
Muktar Ibrahim, Manfo Asiedu, Hussein Osman, Yassin Omar, Ramzi Mohammed and Adel Yahya began trial in relation to the attacks of 21 July 2005 at Woolwich Crown Court on 15 January 2007.
At the last legislative elections, 15 May 2005, the party elected Merwan Bedri Mohammed to represent a district at the Council of People's Representatives for the Harari Region.
Hussein Abbas, reserve Air Force officer Atta Hemeida and shopowner Abdel-Hamid Abdel-Aal, as well as mastermind Mohammed Abdel-Salam Farag, were executed on April 15, 1982.