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When bystanders share group-level psychological relationships, group size can encourage as well as inhibit helping.
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When and bystanders
Klein explains, " When it is outwardly directed, humiliated fury unfortunately creates additional victims, often including innocent bystanders ....
When doing so, they often use a hydrant diffuser, a device that diffuses the water so that it does not damage property and is less dangerous to bystanders than a solid stream.
When the woman yelled, " Get away from me ; I don't know you ," bystanders intervened 65 percent of the time, but only 19 percent of the time when the woman yelled " Get away from me ; I don't know why I ever married you ".
When the offsetting risky behavior encouraged by the safety regulation has negative externalities, the Peltzman effect can result in redistributing risk to innocent bystanders who would behave in a risk-averse manner even without the regulation.
When these are worn, players or spectators can view the digital world in which duels take place, making it more involving than standard duels, and can also digitally remove uninvolved bystanders from the field of vision.
When and share
When looking for a long-term partner more conventional altruism may be preferred which may indicate that he is also willing to share resources with her and her children while when looking for a short-term partner heroic risk-taking, which may be costly signal showing good genes, may be more preferable.
The Irish anti-war song " Johnny I Hardly Knew Ye " and " When Johnny Comes Marching Home " share the same melodic material.
When it started in 1970, the Universal Press Syndicate gave cartoonists a 50-percent share on the ownership of their works, while the Creators Syndicate ( founded in 1987 ) granted artists full rights to the strips, something that Universal Press did in 1990. followed by King Features in 1995, while before 1999 both the Tribune and United Feature services began granting rights to creators over their works ; however the latter three syndicates only applied this to new strips, or to ones popular enough.
When Ball sold her share of Desilu to what became Paramount Television, Arnaz went on to form his own production company from the ashes of his share of Desilu, and with the newly formed Desi Arnaz Productions, he made The Mothers-In-Law ( at Desilu ) for United Artists Television and NBC, this ran for two seasons from 1967-68.
When the bubble " bursts ," the share prices fall dramatically, and many companies go out of business.
When it became clear to Wilkins and the supervisors of Watson and Crick that Franklin was going to the new job, and that Linus Pauling was working on the structure of DNA, they were willing to share Franklin's data with Watson and Crick, in the hope that they could find a good model of DNA before Pauling was able.
When his father Valerian was proclaimed Emperor on 22 October 253, he asked the Senate to ratify Gallienus ' elevation to Caesar and Augustus, in order to share the power between two persons.
When he unexpectedly died of a heart attack in January 1975, his share of TSR passed to his wife, a woman whom Gygax characterized as " less than personable ... After Don died she dumped all the Tactical Studies Rules materials off on my front porch.
When a Chieftain or Laird required an animal to be slaughtered for meat ( whether sheep or cattle ) the workmen were allowed to keep the offal as their share.
When the question of satisfying the investors came up, Gutenberg is said to have promised to share a " secret ".
When the Government of Lesotho began its privatisation process in 1999, it invited bids for this share in Vodacom Lesotho.
When news customers share common beliefs, profit-maximizing media outlets find it optimal to select and / or frame stories in order to pander to those beliefs.
When Orhan succeeded his father, he proposed to his brother, Alaeddin, that they should share the emerging empire.
When dragged through a field the coulter cuts down into the soil and the share cuts horizontally from the previous furrow to the vertical cut.
When share warrants are issued, the company must strike out the name of the shareholder from its register of members and state the date of issue of the warrant and the number of shares to which it relates.
When others of Odo's species ( the Founders ) are later introduced, they share a similar " unfinished " look, which they adopt to make Odo feel at ease around them as they are able to replicate humanoids exactly, whereas Odo, having grown up without others of his kind, never learned to master it.
When the IFC's Board of Directors votes on matters brought before it, each executive director's vote is weighted according to the total share capital of the member countries represented by that director.
When David Coverdale was later hired as Deep Purple's lead vocalist, the two would ultimately share lead vocal duties in the band until their breakup in 1976.
When non-listed companies are included the state has even higher share in ownership ( mainly from direct oil license ownership ).
When eventually Bernard's identity is revealed after a verbal misstep by Chloe, Hannah initially reacts angrily but regardless she agrees to share the research material he requested, allowing him to propose his theory that one of the 1809 inhabitants, Mr. Ezra Chater, was killed in a duel by Lord Byron.
When Castor was killed, Pollux asked Zeus to let him share his own immortality with his twin to keep them together, and they were transformed into the constellation Gemini.
When the farmer tried to cultivate the field the boggart got angry, but after much arguing they decided to work the land together and share the bounty.
When they were debating what to plant, he asked the boggart, " Which half of the crop do you want for your share, the part below the ground or the part above it?
When and psychological
When the end did come, and the schools were disbanded and abandoned, we felt and hoped that the machinery of psychological warfare would not be allowed to rust.
When served in a psychological atmosphere that allows young bodies to assimilate the greatest good from what they eat because they are free from tension, a foundation is laid for a high level of health that releases the children from physical handicaps to participate with enjoyment in the work assignments, the athletic programs and the most important phase, the educational opportunities.
When coming to Kubla Khan, he pointed out: " instead of being content to have written finely under the influence of laudanum, recommends ' Kubla-Khan ' to his readers, not as a poem, but as ' a psychological curiosity ' ... Every lover of books, scholar or not, who knows what it is to have his quarto open against a loaf at his tea ... ought to be in possession of Mr. Coleridge's poems, if it is only for ' Christabel ', ' Kubla Khan ', and the ' Ancient Mariner '.
When third parties are built around an ideology which is at odds with the majority mindset, many members belong to such a party not for the purpose of expecting electoral success but rather for personal or psychological reasons.
When a disability prevents a child from playing, there may be social, emotional and psychological problems which can lead to increased dependence on others, less motivation and poor social skills.
When dealing with the implications of a dirty bomb attack, there are two main areas to be addressed: ( i ) the civilian impact, not only dealing with immediate casualties and long term health issues, but also the psychological effect and then ( ii ) the economic impact.
When his involvement with hypnosis waned as a result of failure to establish professional acceptance, he turned to the study of development spurred on by the birth of his two daughters, Marguerite and Armande ( born in 1885 and 1887, respectively ), calling Armande a subjectivist and Marguerite an objectivist, and developing the concepts of introspection and externospection in an anticipation of Carl Jung's psychological types. Ellenberger, p. 702-3 In the 21 year period following his shift in career interests, Binet " published more than 200 books, articles, and reviews in what now would be called experimental, developmental, educational, social, and differential psychology " ( Siegler, 1992 ).
When surveyed, 10-45 % of adolescents reported having experiencing physical violence in the context of a relationship while one-third to a quarter of adolescents reported having experiencing psychological aggression.
When coaching is aimed at facilitating psychological or emotional growth it should be differentiated from therapeutic and counseling disciplines, since a client of coaching, in most cases is considered healthy ( i. e. not sick ).
When kidnapped by the bellicose Krikkit robots and tied to the interfaces of their intelligent war computer, Marvin simultaneously manages to plan the entire planet's military strategy, solve " all of the major mathematical, physical, chemical, biological, sociological, philosophical, etymological, meteorological and psychological problems of the Universe except his own, three times over ," and compose a number of lullabies.
When these psychological tricks are used properly, the statements give the impression that the mentalist, or scam artist, is intuitively perceptive and psychically gifted.
Hanoi had in no way anticipated the political and psychological effect the offensive would have on the leadership and population of the U. S. When the northern leadership saw how the U. S. was reacting to the offensive, they began to propagandize their " victory ".
When responding to the claim that almost all of the characters in " The Delicate Prey " were victimized by either physical or psychological violence, Bowles responded: " Yes, I suppose.
When organizations do not take the respective satisfactory measures for properly investigating, stress and psychological counseling and guidance, and just deciding of the problem this could lead to:
When exhibitionism interferes with a person's quality of life or normal functioning capacity it is considered a psychological disorder categorized by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 4th Edition ( class 302. 4 ) as a sexual deviation called Paraphilia.
When addressing psychological trauma, the defense mechanism is sometimes counter-projection, including an obsession to continue and remain in a recurring trauma-causing situation and the compulsive obsession with the perceived perpetrator of the trauma or its projection.
When looking at golf camps for kids, remember, a good golf camp will develop equally the balance of technical, tactical, psychological and physical aspects of the game.
When innocent people are blamed fraudulently for nonexistent psychological states and nonexistent behaviors, and there is no qualifying deviance for the blaming behaviors, the intention is to create a negative valuation of innocent humans to induce fear, by using fear mongering.
When patients begin to complain and / or shown signs of tolerance, dependence, interdose withdrawal, withdrawal, or protracted withdrawal to tranquilizers such as benzodiazepines, the patient may be misdiagnosed with yet another physical or psychological classification or diagnoses.
When Dan returned from Vietnam, he displayed deep psychological trauma caused by his war experiences, and took to drinking heavily and engaging in self-destructive behavior, especially reckless driving.
When the preparedness of a quarterback allows him to not have to worry about getting hit from behind, it's one less psychological element of the blitz to be taken away, and thus blitz is incrementally made less effective by that particular element.