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Luke and author
The author of Luke recounts the story of Lazarus and the rich man, which shows people in Hades awaiting the resurrection either in comfort or torment.
The author is traditionally identified as Luke the Evangelist ; see Authorship of Luke – Acts for details.
It is said to be that the author of the Gospel of Luke is the same as the author of the Acts of the Apostles.
The question regarding the genre of Acts is complicated by the fact that it was written by the same author as the Gospel of Luke.
Evidence for this is found in the prologue to the Gospel of Luke, wherein the author alludes to his sources by writing, " Many have undertaken to draw up an account of the things that have been fulfilled among us, just as they were handed down to us by those who from the first were eyewitnesses and servants of the word.
In Luke 1: 3-4, the author states that he decided to write an orderly account for you, most excellent Theophilus, so that you may know the truth concerning the things about which you have been instructed .” Theophilus is Greek for lover of God and it is suggested that he may either be an individual who recently converted to the faith or a Roman official of whom the church is seeking acceptance from.
In fact, Fitzmyer believes that the preface of Luke should only be the starting point in the discussion of the aim of Luke-Acts .” Because the author ’ s intended purpose for the Book of Acts is not that straightforward, scholars have put forth four main claims to address this.
This is one of the oldest claims to the author ’ s purpose ( Walton ) and it states that Luke is writing to Rome in order to demonstrate that Christianity is not a political threat to Roman authority.
The author opens with a prologue, usually taken to be addressed to an individual by the name of Theophilus ( though this name, which translates literally as " God-lover ", may be a nickname rather than a personal appellation ) and references " my earlier book "— almost certainly the Gospel of Luke.
( Current consensus ascribes the book to the author of Luke.
* A Deceit To Die For ( novel ) by Luke Montgomery ( author ) that revolves around the history of the Gospel of Barnabas
The author is traditionally identified as Luke the Evangelist.
According to Raymond E. Brown, it is not impossible that Luke was the author.
Biblical Scholars are in wide agreement that the author of the Gospel of Luke also wrote the Acts of the Apostles.
The author of the Gospel of Luke acknowledges familiarity with earlier gospels ( 1: 1 ).
The Gospel of Luke and the Acts of the Apostles were both written by the same author.
Paul placed an emphasis on Jesus ' death while the author of Luke instead emphasizes Jesus ' suffering, and there are other differences regarding eschatology and the Law.
Paul described Luke as the beloved physician ”, leading Hobart to claim in 1882 that the vocabulary used in Luke-Acts suggests its author may have had medical training.
The author drew on three primary sources, each representing a distinct community: a hypothetical collection, or several collections, of sayings ( called " Q ", and shared with Luke ); the Gospel of Mark ; and material unique to Matthew ( called " M ", some of which may have originated with Matthew himself ).
Early Church Fathers such as Jerome and Eusebius claimed that he was the author of the Gospel of Luke and the Acts of the Apostles and this is the traditional Christian view today.
If one accepts that Luke was in fact the author of the Gospel bearing his name and also the Acts of the Apostles, certain details of his personal life can be reasonably assumed.
Some scholars report that, of the colleagues that Paul mentions in his epistles, the process of elimination leaves Luke as the only person who fits everything known about the author of Luke / Acts.

Luke and writes
There is similar evidence that Luke resided in Troas, the province which included the ruins of ancient Troy, in that he writes in Acts in the third person about Paul and his travels until they get to Troas, where he switches to the first person plural.
Henry Wansbrough writes: " Mark is highly, even shockingly, critical of the disciples ' lack of faith and understanding ; Matthew and Luke both weaken this criticism, in a way that might be expected to have occurred at a time when reverence for the first leaders of Christianity was increasing.
Differences between the gospels suggest that Luke is referring to a different episode from Mark and Matthew, and Klyne Snodgrass writes that " While one cannot exclude that Luke has joined two originally separate narratives, evidence for this is not convincing.
George Cockcroft ( born November 15, 1932 ) is an American author who writes under the pen name Luke Rhinehart.
Nancy Bauer, née Nancy Luke ( born 1934 ) is a Canadian female writer and editor who writes about craftspeople, visual artists, and writers for various maritime magazines.
Laura writes Luke a letter, which Scott finds on the day of Luke's marriage to Jennifer.
The author of the Gospel of Luke, at, writes that Jesus appeared to two disciples who were walking from Jerusalem to Emmaus, which is described as being 60 stadia from Jerusalem ( 10. 4 to 12 km depending on what definition of stadia is used ), after his resurrection.

Luke and Jesus
Schweitzer found many New Testament references to apparently show that 1st-century Christians believed literally in the imminent fulfillment of the promise of the World's ending, within the lifetime of Jesus's original followers, He noted that in the gospel of Mark, Jesus speaks of a " tribulation ", with his coming in the clouds with great power and glory " ( St Mark ), and states when it will happen: " This generation shall not pass, till all these things be fulfilled " ( St Matthew, 24: 34 ) ( or, " have taken place " ( Luke 21: 32 )): " All these things shall come upon this generation " ( Matthew 23: 36 ).
Acts, then is a continuation of the Lucan Gospel, not in the sense that it relates what Jesus continued to do, but how his followers carried out his commission under the guidance of his Spirit .” Thus, part of the answer to the purpose of Acts is that Luke is writing to Theophilus, who is also mentioned in Luke 1: 3, in order to explain to him the occurrences that take place in the church that fulfill Jesus ’ promise to his disciples that you will be baptized with, the Holy Spirit not many days from now ” ( Acts 1: 5 ).
Also, Luke mentions a few Roman officials that believe in Jesus Christ ( Acts 10: 1-11: 18 ; 13: 12 ).
Some scholars believe that the apologetic view of Luke ’ s work is overemphasized and that it should not be regarded as a major aim of the Lucan writings .” While Munck believes that purpose of Luke ’ s work is not that clear-cut and sympathizes with other claims, he believes that Luke ’ s work can function as an apology only in the sense that it presents a defense of Christianity and Paul ” and may serve to clarify the position of Christianity within Jewry and within the Roman Empire .” Pervo disagrees that Luke ’ s work is an apology and even that it could possibly be addressed to Rome because he believes that Luke and Acts speak to insiders, believers in Jesus .” Freedman believes that Luke is writing an apology but that his goal is not to defend the Christian movement as such but to defend God ’ s ways in history .”
Many who side with this view disagree that Luke portrays Christianity or the Roman Empire as harmless and thus reject the apologetic view because Acts does not present Christians as politically harmless or law abiding for there are a large number of public controversies concerning Christianity, particularly featuring Paul .” For example, to support this view Cassidy references how Paul is accused of going against the Emperor because he is saying that there is another king named Jesus .” ( Acts 17: 7 ) Furthermore, there are multiple examples of Paul ’ s preaching causing uprisings in various cities ( Acts 14: 2 ; 14: 19 ; 16: 19-23 ; 17: 5 ; 17: 13-14 ; 19: 28-40 ; 21: 27 ).
He believes that Luke ’ s purpose was to share his faith in Jesus, to provide guidance for living under Roman role and to inform believers of how to act if put on trial.
Furthermore, Cassidy believes that Luke ’ s work serves to equip his readers to handle such trials ” by providing examples of the disciples ’ suffering and to encourage them to show the same faithfulness of testimony when under trial as Jesus and the leading disciples .”
Supporters of this view believe that the Roman Empire does not threaten the spread of the gospel of Jesus Christ because Luke simply recognizes its existence as a political reality, but he is clear that God is greater .” Throughout Acts, believers like Paul are being charged with spiritual crimes concerning teaching against Israel, the law, and the temple ” ( Acts 21: 21, 28 ; 23: 29 ; 24: 5 ; 25: 8, 19 ; 28: 17 ) or being a civil disturbance ( Acts 16: 20, 21: 38, 25: 8 ) rather than political charges.
Luke begins with a global perspective, dating the birth of Jesus to the reign of the Roman emperors in Luke 2: 1 and 3: 1.
* Steiner also believed that there were two different Jesus children involved in the Incarnation of the Christ: one child descended from Solomon, as described in the Gospel of Matthew, the other child from Nathan, as described in the Gospel of Luke.
By the time the Gospels of Luke and Matthew were written, Jesus is portrayed as being the Son of God from the time of birth, and finally the Gospel of John portrays him as the pre-existent Word () as existing " in the beginning ".
Isaiah 52: 13 – 53: 12, the fourth of the " Suffering Servant " songs, was interpreted by the earliest Christians as a prophecy of the death and exaltation of Jesus, a role which Jesus himself seems to have accepted ( Luke 4: 17 – 21 ).
Both Matthew and Luke record a tradition of Jesus ’ interpretation of the story of Jonah ( notably, Matthew includes two very similar traditions in chapters 12 and 16 ).
In the New Testament e. g. Matthew 1: 1, 1: 18 ; Mark 1: 1 ; John 1: 17 ; 17: 3 ; 9: 22 ; Mark 9: 40 ; Luke 2: 11 ; 22: 2, the word Christ is preceded by Jesus.
In the trial of Jesus before the Sanhedrin and Pilate, it might appear from the narratives of Matthew and Luke that Jesus at first refused a direct reply to the high priest's question: " Art thou the Christ?

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