[permalink] [id link]
That is, the motivational internalist believes that there is an internal, necessary connection between one's conviction that X ought to be done and one's motivation to do X. Conversely, the motivational externalist ( or moral externalist ) claims that there is no necessary, internal connection between moral convictions and moral motives.
Some Related Sentences
is and motivational
Moreover, according to this thesis, a major motivational factor for Gorbachev was his realization that the Soviet Union could not compete economically with the USA However, if economic premises are taken into account, it is not clear why the Soviet leaders did not adopt the Chinese option — economic liberalization with preservation of political system.
* Max Walker – Australian Rules Footballer and Australian cricketer and is currently a media commentator and motivational speaker
In contemporary moral philosophy, motivational internalism ( or moral internalism ) is the view that moral convictions ( which are not necessarily beliefs, e. g. feelings of moral approval or disapproval ) are intrinsically motivating.
That is, there is no necessary connection between the conviction that X is wrong and the motivational drive not to do X.
In particular, if motivational internalism is true, then an amoralist is unintelligible ( and metaphysically impossible ).
Such an agent is unintelligible to the motivational internalist, because moral judgments about the right thing to do have built into them corresponding motivations to do those things that are judged by the agent to be the moral things to do.
On the other hand, an amoralist is entirely intelligible to the motivational externalist, because the motivational externalist thinks that moral judgments about the right thing to do not necessitate some motivation to do those things that are judged to be the right thing to do ; rather, an independent desire — such as the desire to do the right thing — is required ( Brink, 2003 ),( Rosati, 2006 ).
An internal reason is, roughly, something that one has in light of one's own " subjective motivational set "--- one's own commitments, desires ( or wants ), goals, etc.
On the other hand, an external reason is something that one has independent of one's subjective motivational set.
It is the view that there are external reasons for action ; that is, there are reasons for action that one can have even if the action is not part of one's subjective motivational set.
The reasons internalist claims the following: the moral facts are a reason for Sasha's action not to steal from the poor person next to him only if he currently wants to follow the moral law ( or if not stealing from the poor person is a way to satisfy his other current goals — that is, part of what Williams calls his " subjective motivational set ").
is and internalist
The reasons internalist claims that external reasons are unintelligible ; one has a reason for action only if one has the relevant desire ( that is, only internal reasons can be reasons for action ).
Brandom may be regarded as hybridising externalist and internalist, allowing knowledge to be accounted for by reliable external process so long as a knower possess some internal understanding of why the belief is reliable.
One of the oldest and most controversial topics in this area is whether mathematics is internal or external, tracing back to the arguments of Plato, an externalist, and Aristotle, an internalist.
Thus, Williamson's theory is opposed to the spirit of much traditional evidentialism, primarily because it turns evidentialism from an internalist account of justification to an externalist account ( due to the factive nature of knowledge.
is and believes
If love reflects the nature of man, as Ortega Y Gasset believes, if the person in love betrays decisively what he is by his behavior in love, then the writers of the beat generation are creating a new literary genre.
He catches criminals not merely because he is paid to do so ( frequently he does not receive a fee at all ), but because he enjoys his work, because he firmly believes that murder must be punished.
Far from being irrelevant to the ecumenical task, the Pontiff believes that a revivified Church is required in order that the whole world may see Catholicism in the best possible light.
And the thing about hurt feelings, the wet bathing suit pointed out, is that the person who has them is not quite the innocent party he believes himself to be.
The faculty believes that broad autonomy is necessary to preserve its freedom in teaching and scholarship.
He believes that this is a sound approach to gas competition in builder developments where gas is available.
What matters is that while Fromm's reading of the data is not the only one possible, it is precisely the one we would expect from a writer who earnestly believes that every man can and ought to be happy and satisfied.
No optimism is more baseless than that which believes that the high speed of modern digital computers allows for use of the crudest of methods in searching out a result.
He, too, believes in good intentions and is astounded and offended when they are not taken for the deed.
Not only should this provision be enforced but other economic and political actions might be taken which, this author believes, `` must surely be supported by every American who values the freedom that has been won for him and whose conscience is not so dominated by the lines in his account books that he can willingly and knowingly contribute to the enslavement of another nation ''.
Indicating the way in which he has turned his back on his 1910 philosophy, Mr. Reama said: `` A Socialist is a person who believes in dividing everything he does not own ''.
After Cuba and Laos, it was argued, Mr. Khrushchev will interpret the President's consent to the meeting as further evidence of Western weakness -- perhaps even panic -- and is certain to try to exploit the advantage he now believes he holds.
To be human, he believes, is to seek one's own destruction: the Freudian `` death-wish '' cliche inevitably cited whenever laymen talk about auto race-drivers.
the Briton Stirling Moss, one of the greatest virtuosi of all time, believes that ultra-fast road-circuit driving is an art form related to ballet.
He believes that greatness is a marriage between the man and the times as was aptly represented by Churchill, who would very possibly have gone down in history as a political failure if it had not been for Hitler's war.
In the popular sense, an agnostic is someone who neither believes nor disbelieves in the existence of a deity or deities, whereas a theist and an atheist believe and disbelieve, respectively.
* The Prefect: The Prefect believes at first that the talk of plague is a false alarm, but on the advice of his medical association, he authorizes limited measures to combat it.
is and there
But there's one thing I never seen or heard of, one thing I just don't think there is, and that's a sportin' way o' killin' a man ''!!
Even the knowledge that she was losing another boy, as a mother always does when a marriage is made, did not prevent her from having the first carefree, dreamless sleep that she had known since they dropped down the canyon and into Bear Valley, way, way back there when they were crossing those other mountains.
Bryn Mawr Drive is only two or three miles from the Spartan, and it took me less than five minutes to get there.
It is the last of the three tests of manhood which the women impose, to discover if a male is worthy of survival there.
He thought of the jungles below him, and of the wild, strange, untracked beauty there and he promised himself that someday he would return, on foot perhaps, to hunt in this last corner of the world where man is sometimes himself the hunted, and animals the lords.
but there is a leavening of liberalism among college graduates throughout the South, especially among those who studied in the North.
The long-settled areas of states like Virginia and South Carolina developed the ante-bellum culture to its richest flowering, and there the memory is more precious, and the consciousness of loss the greater.
Had the situation been reversed, had, for instance, England been the enemy in 1898 because of issues of concern chiefly to New England, there is little doubt that large numbers of Southerners would have happily put on their old Confederate uniforms to fight as allies of Britain.
Ratified in the Republican Party victory in 1952, the Positive State is now evidenced by political campaigns being waged not on whether but on how much social legislation there should be.
They are huge areas which have been swept by winds for so many centuries that there is no soil left, but only deep bare ridges fifty or sixty yards apart with ravines between them thirty or forty feet deep and the only thing that moves is a scuttling layer of sand.
Down through the axis of the bridge there is a long diminishing vista like a visual echo of piers and arches, while the vaults fronting upstream and down frame the sunset and sunrise, the mountains and river pools.
Yet within this limitation there is an astonishing variety: design as intricate as that in the carpet or miniature, with the melodic line like the painted or woven line often flowing into an arabesque.
Thus, there is freshness not only in the individual movements of the dance but in the shape of their continuity as well.
However, there is always the possibility that chance will make demands the dancers find impossible to execute.